Open main menu

The PM M1910 (Russian: Пулемёт Максима образца 1910 года, Pulemyot Maxima obraztsa 1910 goda or "Maxim's machine gun model 1910") is a heavy machine gun that was used by the Imperial Russian Army during World War I and the Red Army during Russian Civil War and World War II. Later, the gun saw service in the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

Maxim's Machine Gun Model 1910/30
Maxim Maschinengewehr 1910.jpg
TypeHeavy machine gun
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service1910–present
Used bySee users
WarsWorld War I
Russian Revolution
Russian Civil War
Turkish War of Independence
Polish–Soviet War
Finnish Civil War
Estonian War of Independence
Warlord Era[1]
Spanish Civil War
Winter War
Chinese Civil War
World War II
Second Sino-Japanese War
Korean War
Vietnam War
Syrian Civil War
Production history
Designed1909–10[2]
Produced1910–39
1941–45
Specifications
Mass64.3 kg (139.6 lbs)
Length1,067 mm (42 in)
Barrel length721 mm (28.4 in)

Cartridge7.62×54mmR
ActionShort recoil, toggle locked
Rate of fire600 round/min
Muzzle velocity740 m/s (2,427 ft/s)
Feed system250-round belt

HistoryEdit

It was adopted in 1910 and was derived from Hiram Maxim's Maxim gun, chambered for the standard Russian 7.62×54mmR rifle cartridge. The M1910 was mounted on a wheeled mount with a gun shield and was replaced in Soviet service by the SG-43 Goryunov, which retained the wheeled and shielded carriage, starting in 1943. However, production of the Maxim did not end until 1945. In addition to the main infantry version, there were aircraft-mounted and naval variants. Some were fitted with a tractor radiator cap fitted on top of the water jacket to allow handfuls of snow to be packed in to melt while firing.

VariantsEdit

  •   Russian Empire
    • Maxim's machine gun model 1910 on a wheeled Sokolov's mount (Пулемёт Максима обр. 1910 года на колёсном станке А.А. Соколова обр. 1910 года)[2]
    • Maxim's machine gun model 1915 on a wheeled Kolesnikov's mount (Пулемёт Максима обр. 1910 года на колёсном станке Колесникова обр. 1915 года)[2]
  •   Soviet Union
    • Maxim's machine gun model 1910/30 on a wheeled Vladimirov's mount (Пулемёт Максима образца 1910/30 года на колёсном станке С.В. Владимирова обр. 1931 года)[2]
    • Maxim-Tokarev
    • PV-1 machine gun
    • ZPU-4 (Зенитная пулемётная установка М-4 образца 1931 года)
  •   Finland
  •   Second Polish Republic
    • Maxim wz. 1910/28

UsersEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Jowett, Philip (20 Nov 2013). China’s Wars: Rousing the Dragon 1894-1949. General Military. Osprey Publishing. pp. 129, 147. ISBN 9781782004073.
  2. ^ a b c d Семён Федосеев. Столетие легендарного "Максима" // журнал "Мастер-ружьё", № 11 (164), ноябрь 2010. стр.40-46
  3. ^ a b c "The Finnish Maxims: M09/21 & M32/33". mosinnagant.net. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 382-383. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3.
  5. ^ Out, Roger (May 2005). "La mitrailleuse russe Maxim modèle 1910". Gazette des armes (in French). No. 365. p. 47.
  6. ^ a b Kinard, Jeff. "Machine guns". In Tucker, Spencer C.; Pierpaoli, Paul G., Jr. (eds.). The Encyclopedia of the Korean War: A Political, Social, and Military History. 1. A-L (2nd ed.). ABC-CLIO. p. 535. ISBN 978-1-85109-849-1.
  7. ^ McCollum, Ian (May 28, 2014). "Guns in Ukraine". Forgotten Weapons. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  8. ^ Robinson, Anthony (1983). Weapons of the Vietnam War. Bison Books. p. 92. ISBN 9780861241309.

External linksEdit