The PM M1910 (Russian: Пулемёт Максима образца 1910 года, Pulemyot Maxima obraztsa 1910 goda or "Maxim's machine gun model 1910") was a heavy machine gun used by the Imperial Russian Army during World War I and the Red Army during Russian Civil War and World War II. Later, the gun saw service in the Korean War and the Vietnam War, and some have been spotted in the War in Donbass.
|Maxim's Machine Gun Model 1910/30|
|Type||Heavy machine gun|
|Place of origin||Russia|
|Used by||See users|
|Wars||World War I|
Russian Civil War
Turkish War of Independence
Finnish Civil War
Estonian War of Independence
Spanish Civil War
Chinese Civil War
World War II
Second Sino-Japanese War
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
|Weight||64.3 kg (139.6 lbs)|
|Length||1,067 mm (42 in)|
|Barrel length||721 mm (28.4 in)|
|Action||Short recoil, toggle locked|
|Rate of fire||600 round/min|
|Muzzle velocity||740 m/s (2,427 ft/s)|
|Feed system||250-round belt|
It was adopted in 1910 and was derived from Hiram Maxim's Maxim gun, chambered for the standard Russian 7.62×54mmR rifle cartridge. The M1910 was mounted on a wheeled mount with a gun shield and was replaced in Soviet service by the SG-43 Goryunov, which retained the wheeled and shielded carriage, starting in 1943. However, production of the Maxim did not end until 1945. In addition to the main infantry version, there were aircraft-mounted and naval variants. Some were fitted with a tractor radiator cap fitted on top of the water jacket to allow handfuls of snow to be packed in to melt while firing.
- Russian Empire
- Soviet Union
- Maxim M/09-21
- Maxim M/32-33
- Second Polish Republic
- Maxim wz. 1910/28
- Republic of China
- People's Republic of China
- Democratic Republic of Georgia
- North Korea
- Second Polish Republic – Maxim wz. 1910 and Maxim wz. 1910/28
- South Korea
- Russian Empire / White movement
- Russian SFSR
- Romania - From the 1940s until at least the 1970s.
- Second Spanish Republic
- Soviet Union
- North Vietnam
- South Vietnam
Quad mounted Maxim guns—the first ZPU.
- Семён Федосеев. Столетие легендарного "Максима" // журнал "Мастер-ружьё", № 11 (164), ноябрь 2010. стр.40-46
- "Guns in Ukraine." Forgotten Weapons. May 28, 2014. Accessed May 08, 2017. http://www.forgottenweapons.com/guns-in-ukraine/.
- Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 382-383. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3.
- Kinard, Jeff. "Machine guns". In Tucker, Spencer C.; Pierpaoli, Paul G., Jr. The Encyclopedia of the Korean War: A Political, Social, and Military History. 1. A-L (2nd ed.). ABC-CLIO. p. 535. ISBN 978-1-85109-849-1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maxim M1910.|
- Soviet Manual Covering Operation and Repair of the 1910 Maxim Gun
- Robert G. Segel (24 February 2012) "The Origin of the Russian “Tractor-Cap” M1910 Maxim", Small Arms Defense Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1
- The Finnish Maxims M09/21 & M32/33