P. Bhaskaran

Pulloottupadathu Bhaskaran alias as P. Bhaskaran (21 April 1924 – 25 February 2007), was an Indian Malayalam language poet, lyricist of Malayalam film songs, and filmmaker. He penned more than 3000 songs for about 250 films.[citation needed] He also directed 44 Malayalam feature films and three documentaries, produced six feature films, and acted in several movies. For his overall contributions to Malayalam cinema, he was awarded J. C. Daniel Award by the Government of Kerala.

P. Bhaskaran
P. Bhaskaran.jpg
Born(1924-05-21)21 May 1924
Kodungallur, Kingdom of Cochin, British India
(present day Thrissur, Kerala, India)
Died25 February 2007(2007-02-25) (aged 82)
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
  • Poet
  • Lyricist
  • Film director
  • Actor
  • Journalist

He was also a journalist and an All India Radio employee before becoming active in the film industry. He was well known for the simple use of language in his songs and poems.

Early lifeEdit

P. Bhaskaran was born on 21 April 1924 in Kodungallur in the erstwhile Kingdom of Cochin. His father, Nandyelathu Padmanabha Menon was a poet, lawyer, journalist, and Indian independence activist. His mother was Pulloottupadathu Ammalu Amma. Bhaskaran was the sixth among the nine children among his parents. His father died when he was studying in the fifth standard.[1] He started to write poems when he was studying in 7th standard. He studied in Maharaja's College, Ernakulam. He used to write poems in a local magazine. For taking part in the August Struggle, he was sentenced to 6 months imprisonment. After getting released, he went to Kozhikode and joined Deshabhimani Weekly.

Non-film careerEdit

P. Bhaskaran started to write songs for communist stage performers. His songs were banned in the (then) State of Travancore. His first collection of poems was released under the title Villali. During the Communist Rebellion in Punnapra-Vayalar, he wrote a song titled Vayalar Garjikkunnu (Vayalar Roars) under the pen name Ravi. The song, starting with the lines Uyarum Njan Nadake... rose to legendary stature in the days to come, during which the song was banned and he was expatriated from the (then) State of Travancore as per the orders of Dewan C. P. Ramaswami Iyer. Then he went to Chennai (then Madras) to join the editorial board of the Jayakeralam. He used to write songs for Akashavani, which helped him secure a job in Kozhikode Akashvani. In the 1950s, he got associated with the film industry. He quit his job in Akashavani and went to Chennai to start a full-time film career. The lyrics for the theme song of the Malayalam channel Asianet, starting Shyama Sundara was also written by him.

Film careerEdit

P. Bhaskaran's debut as a lyricist was for a Tamil film. He wrote the Malayalam lines for a multi-lingual song in film Apoorva Sagodharargal (1949). The first Malayalam film song for which he wrote lyrics was "Madhumadhuri..." for the film Chandrika (1950). He worked with the director P. Venu in his films Viruthan Shanku (1968), Virunnukari (1969), and Ariyapedatha Rahasiyam (1981) and produced some evergreen songs.

In 1954, Bhaskaran along with Ramu Kariat directed the film Neelakkuyil. The movie is regarded[by whom?] as ushering in social realism in Malayalam cinema. It got the President's silver medal, the first-ever national recognition for a Malayalam film. Two years later, he did his first solo work, titled Rarichan Enna Pouran. It failed at the box office. His films Adyakiranangal (1964), Iruttinte Athmavu (1969), and Thurakkatha Vathil (1971) went on to win National Film Awards for various categories. He also acted in several films including Neelakkuyil. He appeared in the film Manoradham (1978), as a strict family head who has deep faith in astrology. He also directed several documentaries including the award-winning Vallathol.


Bhaskaran suffered from Alzheimer's disease at the end of his life, and could not recognize anyone who worked with him, a notable example being that the noted singer S. Janaki, who sang many songs written by him. The last film for which he wrote lyrics was 'Soudamini', released in 2003. He died on 25 February 2007 at his home in Thiruvananthapuram aged 83. He was cremated with full state honors at Thycaud Santhikavadam crematorium.[2] His biography Urangatha Thamburu by Perumpuzha Gopalakrishnan was published by Mathrubhumi Books.


Literary awardsEdit

Film awardsEdit

National Film Awards
Kerala State Film Awards
Asianet Film Awards

Partial list of songs he wroteEdit

  • "Kayalarikathu..." (Film: Neelakkuyil)
  • "Kuyiline Thedi..." (Film: Neelakkuyil)
  • "Ellarum Chollanu..." (Film: Neelakkuyil)
  • "Engane Nee Marakkum..." (Film: Neelakkuyil)
  • "Thamasamenthe Varuvaan..." (Film: Bhargavi Nilayam)
  • "Vannan Vannallo..." (Film: Viruthan Shanku)
  • "Vaasantha Sadanathin..." (Film: Virunnukari)
  • "Kanana Poikayil Kalabham..." (Film: Ariyapedatha Rahasiyam)
  • "Hridayamuruki Nee Karayillenkil..." (Film: Karutha Pournami)
  • "Innale Mayangumbol.." (Film: Anveshichu Kandethiyilla)
  • "Kattile Pazhmulam.." (Film: Vilakku Vangiya Veena)
  • "Alliyambal kadavil..." (Film: Rosi)
  • "Anjanakkannezhuthi..." (Film: Thacholi Othenan)
  • "Pranasakhi Nhan..." (Film: Pareeksha)
  • "Karayunno Puzha Chirikkunno..." (Film: Murappennu)
  • "Innenikku Pottu Kuthan..." (Film: Guruvayoor Kesavan)
  • "Karimukilkkattile..." (Film: Kallichellamma)
  • "Manjani Poonilavu..." (Film: Nagarame Nandi)
  • "Pathuvelippinu......" (Film: Vengalam)
  • "Dukhangalkkinnu Njaan..." (Film:Ambalapravu)
  • "Vakacharthu..." (Film: Iruttinte Athmavu)
  • "Swargagayike Ithile"... (Film: Mooladhanam)
  • "Nilaavinte Poonkaavil"... (Film: Sree Krishnaparunth)
  • "Innale Nee Oru Sundara Raagamayen... (film: Stree)
  • "Iru Kanneer Thullikal Oru Sundariyude" (film" Iruttinte Atmavu")
  • "Kesadi Padam Thozhnnen Kesava"... (film: "Pakalkkinavu")

Filmography as director and producerEdit

Feature Films
  • Guruvayoor Mahatmyam (1984)
  • History of Malayalam Cinema − 2 parts (1989)
  • Vallathol (Year?)
  • Vaiki Vanna Vazhi (1990) (T. V. Film)
  • Vaitharani (1991) (T.V. Serial)

As an actorEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "CINIDIARY - A Complete Online Malayalam Cinema News Portal".
  2. ^ http://madhyamam.com
  3. ^ "2nd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  4. ^ "6th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2011.


External linksEdit