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P.A.O.K. (Greek: Π.Α.Ο.Κ., Πανθεσσαλονίκειος Αθλητικός Όμιλος Κωνσταντινοπολιτών, Panthessalonikeios Athlitikós Ómilos Constantinoupoliton, Pan-Thessalonian Athletic Club of Constantinopolitans), known in European competitions as A.C. PAOK (Α.Σ. Π.Α.Ο.Κ.), is a major multi-sports club in Thessaloniki, Greece. The club is home to several teams, including football, basketball, volleyball, handball, water polo, swimming, wrestling, ice hockey, and weightlifting. PAOK was founded in 1926. Because of its crest, it is also known as the "Two-Headed Eagle of the North", in contrast with AEK, the "Two-Headed Eagle of the South". They are one of the most popular Greek clubs with millions of fans all over Greece (mostly in Northern Greece but not only), such as the Greek diaspora.
|Full name||Πανθεσσαλονίκειος Αθλητικός Όμιλος Κωνσταντινοπολιτών
Panthessaloníkeios Athlitikós Ómilos Konstantinoupolitón
(Pan-Thessalonian Athletic Club of Constantinopolitans)
|Nickname||Dikéfalos (Two-Headed Eagle)
|Website||Club home page|
|Active departments of P.A.O.K.|
|Football (Men's)||Football (Women's)||Basketball (Men's)|
The football club was founded in 1926. It was created by Constantinopolitans who fled to Thessaloniki after the Greek defeat in the Greco-Turkish War, although it was open to every citizen of Thessaloniki, leading to a minor rivalry with AEK Thessaloniki, the other Constantinopolitan team of the city, in which played only refugees. The original logo of PAOK was a horseshoe and a four-leaf clover.
The club's first charter was approved on 20 April 1926 by a decision of the Thessaloniki Court of First Instance (No. 822). The club's founding members were A. Angelopoulos, A. Athanasiadis, K. Anagnostidis, M. Ventourellis, F. Vyzantinos ,V.Karapiperis, A. Dimitriadis, D. Dimitriadis, N. Zoumboulidis, M. Theodosiadis, T. Ioakimopoulos, P. Kalpaktsoglou, T. Kartsambekis, D. Koemtzopoulos, K. Koemtzopoulos, P. Kontopoulos, K. Kritikos, M. Konstantinidis, P. Maletskas, I. Nikolaidis, L. Papadopoulos, F. Samantzopoulos, T. Tsoulkas, M. Tsoulkas, S. Triantafyllidis and T. Triantafyllidis (who was also its first Chairman).
P.A.O.K.'s first Board of Directors, serving between 1926 and 1927, consisted of:
- T. Triantafyllidis (Chairman)
- P. Kalpaktsoglou (1st Vice-Chairman)
- A. Athanasiadis (2nd Vice Chairman)
- V. Karapiperis (3rd Vice Chairman)
- K. Kritikos (Hon. Secretary)
- M. Tsoulkas (Secretary)
- T. Ioakimopoulos (Treasurer)
- A. Angelopoulos (Football Steward)
- M. Konstantinidis (Director)
- S. Triantafyllidis (Director)
PAOK played their first (informal) game on May 4, 1926, at the Thermaikos stadium, defeating Megas Alexandros Thessaloniki 2-1. The first coach of the club spent five years on the team's bench, and was unpaid, Kostas Andreadis. Their first captain was Michalis Ventourelis.
The first professional contract was signed by the club on 5 September 1928. The contract stipulated that the French footballer Raymond Etienne – of Jewish descent from Pera Club – would be paid 4,000 drachmas per month. The contract was signed by Dr. Meletiou, the PAOK chairman, and Mr. Sakellaropoulos, the Hon. Secretary.
In early 1929, AEK Thessaloniki was virtually dissolved, and absorbed by PAOK. PAOK changed their emblem, adopted the two-headed eagle, took over the installations of AEK Thessaloniki including the syntrivani area. The eagle symbolizes the origins of the club in the former Byzantine capital, Constantinople, and the legacy of the Greek refugees from the Ottoman Empire.
In 1937, PAOK won his first title, the Macedonia (EPSM or Thessaloniki) Championship, and participated in the Pan-Hellenic Championship, finishing second. The remarkable 1937 team included: Sotiriadis, Vatikis, Goulios, Kontopoulos, Bostantzoglou, Panidis, Glaros, Kritas, Ioannidis, Kalogiannis, Koukoulas, Kosmidis, Apostolou, Vafiadis, Vasiliadis, Anastasiadis, Moschidis, Tzakatzoglou, Zacapidas.
Colours and symbolsEdit
The club's traditional colours are black, as sadness for the Asia Minor Catastrophe of 1922 and the end of the Greek presence in Anatolia, and white as hope for recovery. Created by Constantinopolitans, the new club nevertheless was open to every citizen of Thessaloniki, leading to a minor rivalry with AEK Thessaloniki, the other Constantinopolitan team of the city, in which played only refugees. The original logo of PAOK was a horseshoe and a four-leaf clover.
In early 1929, AEK Thessaloniki was virtually dissolved, and absorbed by PAOK. The current symbol since 1929 is the two-headed eagle. The eagle symbolizes the origins of the club in the former Byzantine capital, Constantinople, and the legacy of the Greek refugees from the Ottoman Empire. Under the leadership of Ivan Savvidis a gold stripe was added to the crest of the FC, as a symbol of glory and renaissance of the club.
Gate 4 of Toumba Stadium is where most of PAOK fan clubs assemble. They support all the teams within the PAOK Sports Society, wearing the club's colors and symbols and maintaining firms all over Greece. Gate 4 gave its name to the oldest PAOK fan club, founded in 1963. Other fan clubs include several SF of PAOK (Syndesmoi Filon, Friends Societies) found all over Greece and in Diaspora.
P.A.O.K.'s main rivals are the teams of Olympiacos, Aris, Panathinaikos, AEK. The biggest rivalry is against Olympiacos and second with Aris. The derby against Olympiacos is the fiercest, representing more than any other, the animosity between Athens/Attica and Thessaloniki. The rivalry started in the 1960s when Olympiacos tried, and failed, to sign Giorgos Koudas, one of the best players of his time, from PAOK.
- Greek Championships: 2
- Greek Cups: 5
- Greater Greece Cup: 1
- 3 Greek men's U-20 Championship: 2003, 2007, 2014
- 2 Greek men's U-17 Championship: 2013, 2016
- 2 Greek men's U-15 Championship: 2015, 2017
- 1 Greek men's amateur cup: 1975
Football kit evolution
- Greek Women's Championship: 12 (record)
- 2001–02, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17
- Greek Women's Cup: 6 (record)
- 2001–02, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17
- Greek Championships: 2
- 1959, 1992
- Greek Cups: 3
- 1984, 1995, 1999
- Cup Winners' Cup: 1
- Korać Cup: 1
- 4 Greek men's U-18 Championship: 1981, 1990, 1994, 2002
- 6 Greek men's U-16 Championship: 1978, 1985, 1988, 1991, 2013, 2017
- 1 Greek women's U-18 Championship: 2013
- 2 Greek women's U-16 Championship: 2010, 2011
- Greek Championship: 3
- 2015, 2016, 2017
- Greek Cup: 2
- 2015, 2018
- 1 Greek men's U-17 Championship: 1983
- Greek Championships: 3
- 2009, 2010, 2015
- Greek Cups: 3
- 2012, 2015, 2017
- Greek beach handball championship: 1
- 1 Greek men's U-15 Championship: 2015
- 3 Greek women's Open Athletics Championship: 1976, 1977, 1982
- 2 Greek women's Cross Country Championships : 1968, 1974
- 1 Greek men's Championship: 2008
- 1 Balkan Cup: 2007
- 1 Greek OPEN Championship: 1987
- 4 Greek Youth Championship: 1990, 2008, 2009, 2013
- 2 Greek men's Championship: 2006, 2017
- 6 Greek men's U-20 Championship: 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
- 5 Greek men's U-17 Championship: 2004, 2005, 2013, 2014, 2015
- 1 Greek men's U-15 Championship: 2012
- 1 Greek men's Championship Mountain Bike: 2002
- 1 Greek men's U-17 Championship Cycling Track: 2008
- 2 Greek men's Championship Greco-Roman: 2017, 2018
- 2 Greek men's U-17 Championship Greco-Roman: 2017, 2018
- 2 Greek men's U-15 Championship Greco-Roman: 2016, 2017
- 2 Greek men's Championship: 2003, 2007
- 1 Greek men's U-17 Championship: 2017
- 1 Greek men's U-15 Championship: 2015
- 1 Greek women's U-20 Championship: 2004
Tae kwon doEdit
PAOK created a Tae Kwon Do department in 2002. Currently, over 50 active athletes practice daily in Gate 8 in Toumba Stadium.
European honours of team sportsEdit
|Season||Men's Football||Women's Football||Men's basketball||Men's volleyball||Men's Handball||Women's Handball||Men's water polo||Men's ice hockey||Men's Wrestling|
|1973–74||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
|1989–90||FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup
|1990–91||FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup
|1991–92||FIBA European Cup
|1992–93||FIBA European League
|1993–94||FIBA Korać Cup
|1995–96||FIBA European Cup
|2006–07||Balkan Amateur Hockey League
|2008–2009||EHF Challenge Cup
|2009–10||UEFA Women's Champions League
Round of 32
|2010–11||LEN Euro Cup
|2016–2017||World Wrestling Clubs Cup
|2017–18||Women's EHF Challenge Cup
- Football: Men: Dimitar Berbatov, Diego Biseswar, Lazaros Christodoulopoulos, Sérgio Conceição, Pablo Gabriel García, Georgios Georgiadis (footballer), Kostas Frantzeskos, Konstantinos Iosifidis, Giorgos Koudas, Hedwiges Maduro, Léo Matos, Bibras Natkho, Lucas Pérez, Aleksandar Prijović, Stavros Sarafis, Christos Terzanidis, Vieirinha, Theodoros Zagorakis Women: Jelena Dimitrijević (footballer), Dimitra Panteliadou
- Basketball: Men: Walter Berry (basketball), Nikos Boudouris, Claudio Coldebella, Panagiotis Fasoulas, Rasho Nesterovic, John Korfas, Cliff Levingston, İbrahim Kutluay, Loukas Mavrokefalidis, Damir Mulaomerović, Bane Prelevic, Efthimios Rentzias, Zoran Savić, Peja Stojaković, Scott Skiles, Dejan Tomašević
- Volleyball: Men: Dante Amaral, Marko Bojić, Rolando Cepeda, Ernardo Gómez, Vladimir Grbić, Kevin Hansen (volleyball), Matti Hietanen, Jayson Jablonsky, Javier Jiménez (volleyball), Plamen Konstantinov, Vasileios Kournetas, Andrej Kravárik, David Lee (volleyball), Paul Lotman, Riley McKibbin, Đula Mešter, Olli-Pekka Ojansivu, Evan Patak, Vlado Petković, Konstantinos Prousalis, Clayton Stanley, Riley Salmon, Nikolaos Smaragdis, Saša Starović, Ronald Zoodsma
- Athletics: Men: Michalis Akritidis, Themistoklis Akritidis, Dimitrios Kokotis, Konstantinos Koukodimos, Dimitrios Koutsoukis Women: Vasiliki Anastasiou, Xanthipi Koukoumaka, Voula Patoulidou
- Swimming: Men: Christos Papadopoulos Women: Kalliopi Araouzou, Antonia Machaira, Aikaterini Sarakatsani, Katerina Stikoudi
- uefa.com Myths, heroes and legends: PAOK in focus
- liberiaentertainment.com Sekou Oliseh Jabateh wins big sports award in Greece
- eurohandball.com A.C. PAOK
- uefa.com 2013/14 entries and coefficients
- acpaok.gr Archived 10 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine. (in Greek)
- chessfed.gr (in Greek)
- sport-fm.gr (in Greek)
- onsports.gr (in Greek)
- "History". PAOKFC. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- "PAOK THESSALONIKI FC". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
- "Αφιέρωμα – PAOKFC".
- "90 χρόνια ΠΑΟΚ!90 χρόνια προπονητές!". paokvoice. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "The first captain". paok90. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "The unknown first foreign player of PAOK Raymond Ettienne". paokmania.gr. Archived from the original on 13 February 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- "Ο πρώτος τίτλος!". paok90. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "Η ιστορία του ΠΑΟΚ – History of PAOK". sansimera.gr.
- To νέο λογότυπο του ΠΑΟΚ
- Η μαύρη μέρα του ΠΑΟΚ
- Aπ' τον Παντελάκη στον Ιβάν