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P.A.O.K. (Greek: Π.Α.Ο.Κ., Πανθεσσαλονίκειος Αθλητικός Όμιλος Κωνσταντινοπολιτών, Panthessalonikeios Athlitikós Ómilos Constantinoupoliton, Pan-Thessalonian Athletic Club of Constantinopolitans),[1][2] known in European competitions as A.C. PAOK[3][4] (Α.Σ. Π.Α.Ο.Κ.),[5][6][7][8] is a major multi-sports club in Thessaloniki, Greece. The club is home to several teams, including football, basketball, volleyball, handball, water polo, swimming, wrestling, ice hockey, and weightlifting. PAOK was founded in 1926. Because of its crest, it is also known as the "Two-Headed Eagle of the North", in contrast with AEK, the "Two-Headed Eagle of the South". They are one of the most popular Greek clubs with millions of fans all over Greece (mostly in Northern Greece but not only), such as the Greek diaspora.

AC PAOK
PAOK emblem 2010.svg
Full name Πανθεσσαλονίκειος Αθλητικός Όμιλος Κωνσταντινοπολιτών
Panthessaloníkeios Athlitikós Ómilos Konstantinoupolitón
(Pan-Thessalonian Athletic Club of Constantinopolitans)
Nickname Dikéfalos (Two-Headed Eagle)
Asprόmavri (White-Blacks)
Founded 1926
Colours           Black, White
Chairman Thanasis Katsaris
Website Club home page
Active departments of P.A.O.K.
Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg
Football (Men's) Football (Women's) Basketball (Men's)
Basketball pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Handball pictogram.svg
Basketball (Women's) Volleyball Handball
Water polo pictogram.svg Swimming pictogram.svg Wrestling pictogram.svg
Water Polo Swimming Wrestling
Boxing pictogram.svg Taekwondo pictogram.svg Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Boxing Taekwondo Weightlifting
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Athletics pictogram.svg Ice hockey pictogram.svg
Cycling Athletics Ice hockey

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The football team of 1926
 
The team of 1939

PAOK is the successor of Hermes Sports Club (Greek: Ερμής), which was formed in 1877 by the Greek community of Pera, a district of Istanbul (then Constantinople).[9]

The football club was founded in 1926.[10] It was created by Constantinopolitans who fled to Thessaloniki after the Greek defeat in the Greco-Turkish War, although it was open to every citizen of Thessaloniki, leading to a minor rivalry with AEK Thessaloniki, the other Constantinopolitan team of the city, in which played only refugees. The original logo of PAOK was a horseshoe and a four-leaf clover.[11]

The club's first charter was approved on 20 April 1926 by a decision of the Thessaloniki Court of First Instance (No. 822). The club's founding members were A. Angelopoulos, A. Athanasiadis, K. Anagnostidis, M. Ventourellis, F. Vyzantinos ,V.Karapiperis, A. Dimitriadis, D. Dimitriadis, N. Zoumboulidis, M. Theodosiadis, T. Ioakimopoulos, P. Kalpaktsoglou, T. Kartsambekis, D. Koemtzopoulos, K. Koemtzopoulos, P. Kontopoulos, K. Kritikos, M. Konstantinidis, P. Maletskas, I. Nikolaidis, L. Papadopoulos, F. Samantzopoulos, T. Tsoulkas, M. Tsoulkas, S. Triantafyllidis and T. Triantafyllidis (who was also its first Chairman).[12]

P.A.O.K.'s first Board of Directors, serving between 1926 and 1927, consisted of:

  • T. Triantafyllidis (Chairman)
  • P. Kalpaktsoglou (1st Vice-Chairman)
  • A. Athanasiadis (2nd Vice Chairman)
  • V. Karapiperis (3rd Vice Chairman)
  • K. Kritikos (Hon. Secretary)
  • M. Tsoulkas (Secretary)
  • T. Ioakimopoulos (Treasurer)
  • A. Angelopoulos (Football Steward)
  • M. Konstantinidis (Director)
  • S. Triantafyllidis (Director)

PAOK played their first (informal) game on May 4, 1926, at the Thermaikos stadium, defeating Megas Alexandros Thessaloniki 2-1. The first coach of the club spent five years on the team's bench, and was unpaid, Kostas Andreadis.[13] Their first captain was Michalis Ventourelis.[14]

The first professional contract was signed by the club on 5 September 1928. The contract stipulated that the French footballer Raymond Etienne  – of Jewish descent from Pera Club – would be paid 4,000 drachmas per month. The contract was signed by Dr. Meletiou, the PAOK chairman, and Mr. Sakellaropoulos, the Hon. Secretary.[15]

In early 1929, AEK Thessaloniki was virtually dissolved, and absorbed by PAOK. PAOK changed their emblem, adopted the two-headed eagle, took over the installations of AEK Thessaloniki including the syntrivani area. The eagle symbolizes the origins of the club in the former Byzantine capital, Constantinople, and the legacy of the Greek refugees from the Ottoman Empire.[11]

In 1937, PAOK won his first title, the Macedonia (EPSM or Thessaloniki) Championship, and participated in the Pan-Hellenic Championship, finishing second. The remarkable 1937 team included: Sotiriadis, Vatikis, Goulios, Kontopoulos, Bostantzoglou, Panidis, Glaros, Kritas, Ioannidis, Kalogiannis, Koukoulas, Kosmidis, Apostolou, Vafiadis, Vasiliadis, Anastasiadis, Moschidis, Tzakatzoglou, Zacapidas.[16]

Colours and symbolsEdit

The club's traditional colours are black, as sadness for the Asia Minor Catastrophe of 1922 and the end of the Greek presence in Anatolia, and white as hope for recovery.[17] Created by Constantinopolitans, the new club nevertheless was open to every citizen of Thessaloniki, leading to a minor rivalry with AEK Thessaloniki, the other Constantinopolitan team of the city, in which played only refugees. The original logo of PAOK was a horseshoe and a four-leaf clover.

In early 1929, AEK Thessaloniki was virtually dissolved, and absorbed by PAOK. The current symbol since 1929 is the two-headed eagle. The eagle symbolizes the origins of the club in the former Byzantine capital, Constantinople, and the legacy of the Greek refugees from the Ottoman Empire. Under the leadership of Ivan Savvidis a gold stripe was added to the crest of the FC, as a symbol of glory and renaissance of the club.[18]

SupportersEdit

Gate 4 of Toumba Stadium is where most of PAOK fan clubs assemble. They support all the teams within the PAOK Sports Society, wearing the club's colors and symbols and maintaining firms all over Greece. Gate 4 gave its name to the oldest PAOK fan club, founded in 1963. Other fan clubs include several SF of PAOK (Syndesmoi Filon, Friends Societies) found all over Greece and in Diaspora.

In the night of 4 October 1999 a road accident took place in the Vale of Tempe, Thessaly, with 6 fans of the team killed. An annual ceremony takes place since then.[19]

RivalriesEdit

P.A.O.K.'s main rivals are the teams of Olympiacos, Aris, Panathinaikos, AEK. The biggest rivalry is against Olympiacos and second with Aris. The derby against Olympiacos is the fiercest, representing more than any other, the animosity between Athens/Attica and Thessaloniki. The rivalry started in the 1960s when Olympiacos tried, and failed, to sign Giorgos Koudas, one of the best players of his time, from PAOK.

PAOK departmentsEdit

FootballEdit

Men's footballEdit

Football kit evolution

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1925–26
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1936–37
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1938–39
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1970-71
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1984–85
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1990–91[20]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2000–03
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2004–05
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2005–06
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2006–09
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016-17
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017-18

Alternative

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2000–01
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2001–02
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2004–05
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014–15
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015-16
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016-17
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017-18
 
P.A.O.K. Sports Arena, home ground of basketball and volleyball teams
 
Bus of the team
 
PAOK fans

Women's footballEdit

  • Greek Women's Championship: 12 (record)
    • 2001–02, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17
  • Greek Women's Cup: 6 (record)
    • 2001–02, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17

Men's BasketballEdit

Women's BasketballEdit

  • 1 Greek women's U-18 Championship: 2013
  • 2 Greek women's U-16 Championship: 2010, 2011

Men's VolleyballEdit

Women's VolleyballEdit

Men's handballEdit

  • Greek Championships: 3
    • 2009, 2010, 2015
  • Greek Cups: 3
    • 2012, 2015, 2017
  • Greek beach handball championship: 1
    • 2001
  • 1 Greek men's U-15 Championship: 2015

Women's handballEdit

AthleticsEdit

  • 3 Greek women's Open Athletics Championship: 1976, 1977, 1982
  • 2 Greek women's Cross Country Championships : 1968, 1974

Roller hockeyEdit

  • 1 Greek men's Championship: 2008
  • 1 Balkan Cup: 2007

SwimmingEdit

  • 1 Greek OPEN Championship: 1987
  • 4 Greek Youth Championship: 1990, 2008, 2009, 2013

WeightliftingEdit

  • 2 Greek men's Championship: 2006, 2017
  • 6 Greek men's U-20 Championship: 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
  • 5 Greek men's U-17 Championship: 2004, 2005, 2013, 2014, 2015
  • 1 Greek men's U-15 Championship: 2012

CyclingEdit

  • 1 Greek men's Championship Mountain Bike: 2002
  • 1 Greek men's U-17 Championship Cycling Track: 2008

WrestlingEdit

  • 2 Greek men's Championship Greco-Roman: 2017, 2018
  • 2 Greek men's U-17 Championship Greco-Roman: 2017, 2018
  • 2 Greek men's U-15 Championship Greco-Roman: 2016, 2017

BoxingEdit

  • 2 Greek men's Championship: 2003, 2007

Water PoloEdit

  • 1 Greek men's U-17 Championship: 2017
  • 1 Greek men's U-15 Championship: 2015
  • 1 Greek women's U-20 Championship: 2004

Tae kwon doEdit

PAOK created a Tae Kwon Do department in 2002. Currently, over 50 active athletes practice daily in Gate 8 in Toumba Stadium.

European honours of team sportsEdit

Notable athletesEdit

PAOK PresidentsEdit

 
Theodoros Zagorakis and Mr.Vasileios Bornovas with the President of the Beyoğlu Spor Kulübü (former PeraClub)

AC PAOKEdit

 
Name Nationality Years
Triantafillos Triantafillidis   1926–1927
Vyzantios Fanourios   1927–1928
Konstantinos Meletiou   1928–1929
Athinodoros Athinodorou   1929–1930
Pantelis Kalpatsoglou   1930–1931
Petros Levantis   1931–1933
Savas Tsantas   1933–1935
Filaretos Tsompesoglou   1935–1936
Savas Tsantas   1936–1938
Ioannis Tsakiroglou   1938–1939
Dimitrios Kamaras   1939–1940
Pantelis Kalpatsoglou   1940–1944
Filaretos Tsompesoglou   1944–1946
Pantelis Kalpatsoglou   1946–1948
Mirodis Dimitrakopoulos   1948–1949
Georgios Haralampidis   1949–63
Ippokratis Iordanoglou   1963–64
Dimitrios Dimadis   1964–66
Vassilios Zervas   1966–69
Evaggelos Mylonas   1969
Stavros Georgiadis   1969–1971
 
Name Nationality Years
Ioannis Arvanitakis   1971–1972
Stavros Simitzis   1972–1973
Ioannis Arvanitakis   1973–1974
Georgios Zografos   1974
Arthouros Merdikian   1974–1975
Georgios Pantelakis   1975–1981
Ioannis Vranialis   1981–1983
Dimosthenis Fintanidis   1983–1984
Nikolaos Vezyrtzis   1984–1993
Apostolos Oikonomidis   1993–1995
Charis Lazaridis-Apostolos Alexopoulos   1995–1997
Apostolos Alexopoulos   1997–1998
Athanasios Katsaris   1998-today

PAOK FCEdit

[21]

Years Name
1979–1984   Giorgos Pantelakis
1984–1986   Petros Kalafatis
1986–1988   Charis Savvidis
1988–1989   Giannis Dedeoglou
1989–1996   Thomas Voulinos
1996   Giorgos Kalyvas
1996–2001   Giorgos Batatoudis
2001–2003   Petros Kalafatis
2003–2006   Giannis Goumenos
2006–2007   Nikolaos Vezyrtzis
2007–2009   Thodoris Zagorakis
2009–2010   Zisis Vryzas
2010–2011   Thodoris Zagorakis
2011–2014   Zisis Vryzas
2014–2016   Iakovos Angelides
2016   Ľuboš Micheľ
2017–     Ivan Savvidis

Notable supportersEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ uefa.com Myths, heroes and legends: PAOK in focus
  2. ^ liberiaentertainment.com Sekou Oliseh Jabateh wins big sports award in Greece
  3. ^ eurohandball.com A.C. PAOK
  4. ^ uefa.com 2013/14 entries and coefficients
  5. ^ acpaok.gr Archived 10 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine. (in Greek)
  6. ^ chessfed.gr (in Greek)
  7. ^ sport-fm.gr (in Greek)
  8. ^ onsports.gr (in Greek)
  9. ^ "History". PAOKFC. Retrieved 26 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "PAOK THESSALONIKI FC". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "Αφιέρωμα – PAOKFC". 
  12. ^ PaokFc.gr
  13. ^ "90 χρόνια ΠΑΟΚ!90 χρόνια προπονητές!". paokvoice. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "The first captain". paok90. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  15. ^ "The unknown first foreign player of PAOK Raymond Ettienne". paokmania.gr. Archived from the original on 13 February 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  16. ^ "Ο πρώτος τίτλος!". paok90. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  17. ^ "Η ιστορία του ΠΑΟΚ – History of PAOK". sansimera.gr. 
  18. ^ To νέο λογότυπο του ΠΑΟΚ
  19. ^ Η μαύρη μέρα του ΠΑΟΚ
  20. ^ http://www.contra.gr/Basketball/article3589317.ece/BINARY/w460/1990-91.jpg
  21. ^ Aπ' τον Παντελάκη στον Ιβάν

External linksEdit