Oxford Stadium

Oxford Stadium is a greyhound racing and speedway venue in Oxford, located in Sandy Lane, Cowley.[1]

Oxford Stadium
Oxford Stadium 2000 executive suites and restaurant.png
LocationSandy Lane, Cowley, Oxfordshire, OX4 6LJ
Coordinates51°43′35″N 1°12′1″W / 51.72639°N 1.20028°W / 51.72639; -1.20028Coordinates: 51°43′35″N 1°12′1″W / 51.72639°N 1.20028°W / 51.72639; -1.20028
OwnerRisk Capital Partners
OperatorKevin Boothby
SurfaceSand
Construction
Opened31 March 1939
Renovated1986
Expanded2000

Races were historically held every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evening with afternoon BAGS (Bookmakers Afternoon Greyhound Service) racing on Friday and Sunday. Race evenings also included Friday evenings at various times throughout the history of the stadium.[2]

Stadium facilitiesEdit

There was a 350-seater grandstand restaurant overlooking the track, with three executive suites and large general public areas named after some of Oxford's most successful greyhounds Sandwinder, Security Sam, Self Made and Perth Pat. Conference and business facilities were also available. There is a go-karting track enclosed within the speedway track, which is popular among Oxfordshire residents.

OriginsEdit

The stadium was constructed in 1938 on the site of a 'flapping' (unregulated) track where owners could turn up and run their greyhounds around an oval on the days selected for racing. The rear wheel of a jacked up motor car was used to drive the lure around the track.[3] The location on Sandy Lane, in Cowley, Oxfordshire is a short walk from the famous Oxford motor factories built by Morris Motors.[4]

The back straight was adjacent to the Great Western Railway Thame Branch line (now the BMW freight line). A main grandstand building was erected and the stadium joined the regulatory governing body of the National Greyhound Racing Club (NGRC).[5] The owner of the land at the time was a Mr Johnson, and he agreed a 99-year lease with Mr Leslie Vernon Calcutt.

SpeedwayEdit

Speedway was an integral part of the stadium and was run every year from 1939 up to 2008. The team known as the Oxford Cheetahs won the United Kingdom's premier competition five times. They were champions in 1964, 1985, 1986, 1989 and 2001.[6] The facilities remain intact today.

 
Speedway at Oxford Stadium
 
Speedway at Oxford in 1981

Greyhound racingEdit

OpeningEdit

The inaugural race night was on 31 March 1939 and the stadium was officially opened by Lord Denham with races over 310, 525 and 735 yards. The track trainers were Bill Davies, Bill Higgins, Paddy Mullins and Mr Preston. The first race was won by Hunting Snipe, the 2-1 favourite.[7]

1940sEdit

During World War II the track closed and reopened on several occasions, but generally raced on Saturday afternoons. In 1941 Leslie Calcutt purchased Irish Grand National winner 'The Gunner' for £400 and the Jack Young trained hurdler won 11 successive open races, drawing in large crowds.[8] In 1943 Dark Tiger won the Trafalgar Cup.[9]

In 1944 a fire destroyed the main stand: it was reported that a newspaper had blown onto a heater. Also in 1944 Winnie of Berrow won the Eclipse Stakes.[10]

The track was described as a good size course with a good run-up to the first bend. The hare system was an 'Inside McWhirter track-less' and race distances were now 290, 455, 500 and 715 yards. There were kennel facilities on site for 132 greyhounds; fees were charged at one guinea per week, i.e. three shillings per day. Amenities included the Oxford Stadium club five shilling enclosure, Oxford Stadium racing club 2s 3d enclosure.[5]

In 1947 Calcutt was appointed as Director of Bristol Greyhound Racing Association Ltd and one year later Narrogar Ann won the Western Two-Year Old Produce Stakes.[11]

1950sEdit

In the summer of 1952 Calcutt fell ill and had to go to hospital for a major operation. Whilst recuperating at Acland nursing home he suffered a relapse and died on 3 August aged just 49.[12] The Bristol Greyhound Racing Association was soon to change their name to Bristol Stadium Ltd and they took control of Oxford following the death of Calcutt. Kensington Perfection won the 1952 British Breeders Produce Stakes Finals at Catford Stadium and Stamford Bridge and the 1953 Eastville Stadium Produce Stakes and Regency.[13]

Owner-trainers were allowed to race their greyhounds at the track; these included Paddy Sweeney, a respected veterinary surgeon. In 1957 Racing Manager John Hare introduced the Two Year Old Produce Stakes. Bill Higgins (10) and Jack Young (9) won the first 19 Oxford trainer championship titles between them from 1939 to 1957. Higgins died in 1958 and was replaced by Joe Farrand for a second spell at Oxford.[3]

1960sEdit

 
Oxford Stadium c.1960

Drum Major II recorded a fiftieth track win in 1961 and in 1964 the Oxfordshire Stakes was introduced. In 1967 Oxford was one of the first four tracks to be awarded an inaugural BAGS (Bookmakers Afternoon Greyhound Service) contract along with Hackney, Kings Heath and Park Royal. The decade ended with new investment which saw a new supporters club building constructed, it would be used for functions.[3]

1970sEdit

Perth Pat trained by Jim Morgan brought the first ever classic race success to Oxford following her win in the 1970 Oaks. In the same year Henry Kibble secured a tenth track trainers title. In 1974 a new 'Outside Sumner' hare system was introduced but the following year Bristol Stadium Ltd agreed a deal worth £235,000 with the Oxford City Council housing committee.[14] A group formed SOS (Save Our Stadium) and a petition with 27,000 names was lodged with the council. Local MP Michael Heseltine called for a public meeting which gave SOS the chance to find a buyer. The stadium closed on 31 December 1975 until further notice but reopened during March 1976 and eventually found a buyer in 1977 when Northern Sports purchased the track for £250,000. The threat of permanent closure had been prevented by David Hawkins the managing director of Northern Sports.[3]

1980sEdit

The resident kennels were demolished in 1980 because the contract trainers were now employed and one of the trainers called Jack Coker reached the final of the 1980 English Greyhound Derby with Young Breeze. In 1981 Careless Dragon trained by Jim Morgan won the Trafalgar Cup one year before Northern Sports announced plans to invest heavily into Oxford and sister track Ramsgate Stadium. Mick Wheble arrived as Racing Manager in 1984, Joe Farrand retired after 45 years as a trainer and Arthur Hitch won the 1984 BBC TV Trophy with Weston Prelude.[15]

The investment promised came to fruition in 1986 when Northern Sports spent £1.5 million on a new three tier grandstand restaurant and sports centre including squash courts, a snooker club, gymnasium, sauna and various other facilities. The stadium underwent considerable success with significant increases in attendances and totalisator turnover.[16] Charity events featured appearances from Desert Orchid, Bob Champion, Henry Cooper, Jenny Pitman and many others. The sports leading trainer Geoff De Mulder joined the track and the speedway team became the leading team in the United Kingdom with four times World Champion Hans Nielsen as their captain.[6]

In 1987 Sandwinder trained by Vicky Holloway became the track champion and in 1988 the Pall Mall Stakes was switched from the closing Harringay Stadium to Oxford. The first running was won by Fearless Ace and the winning trophy was presented by George Best. As the 1980s ended Maurice Massey won a fifth trainers track title.[17]

1990sEdit

The recent success had made Oxford one of the leading provincial tracks in the UK and the first ever Derby success came in 1994 when Ringa Hustle trained by Tony Meek won the 1994 English Greyhound Derby.[18] Kind of Magic won the 1993 Scurry Gold Cup for Litzi Miller who herself would win eight trainers titles.[19]

However, as the 90s progressed Northern Sports parent company Hawkins of Harrow were beginning to suffer from the recession that was affecting their other business interests in construction and garden centres and in 1995 Hawkins of Harrow called in the receivers and Oxford was made a going concern. The stadium attracted a list of potential buyers but it was Donald Joyce a former member of SOS who purchased the stadium in 1996 and then sold it on for a considerable profit to the Greyhound Racing Association (GRA) in 1999.[20]

2000-2012Edit

The GRA made immediate changes with a new multimillion-pound extension completed during 2000. The old supporters club had been demolished making way for an extension to the grandstand restaurant and addition of three large executive suites. In addition there was a new racing surface and Swaffham hare system costing a further £130,000. The circumference of the track remained at 395 metres, with race distances of 250, 450, 595, 645 and 845 metres.[21][22]

A classic race called the Cesarewitch switched to Oxford from Catford in 2001 and the major competitions were screened live on SKY television.[23] Angie Kibble won six trainers titles and traditional boxing day meetings continued to draw in a capacity attendance from the local population. The stadium continued to be frequented by the famous which included Ant & Dec, Zara Phillips and Vinnie Jones.[24][3]

Closure 2012-2020Edit

The closure of the stadium was sealed when GRA's parent company Wembley plc was broken apart and GRA were subject to a takeover by Risk Capital Partners with development partner Galliard Homes in 2005 for £52.4m. Plans for 150 houses and 75 flats were mooted but the council publicly stated they were in favour of keeping the site for leisure use. The racing continued for seven years until the GRA closed the stadium; the last greyhound meeting was held on 29 December 2012 in front of a capacity crowd, with the last winner being Moorstown Mystiq, trained by Richard Baker. [25]

ReopeningEdit

The stadium is due to reopen in late 2021/early 2022, with speedway returning to the stadium in 2022.

CompetitionsEdit

During the year there were five main greyhound events held at Oxford up until the end of 2012, they were -

Track records at closingEdit

Metres Greyhound Time Date Trainer
250 Miss Lee 14.65 sec 24 March 2009 David Pruhs
450 Up For Sam 26.20 sec 11 February 2010 Carol Weatherall
595 Bower Turbo 35.87 sec 25 March 2008 Richard Yeates
645 Primitive Way 38.98 sec 25 March 2008 David Pruhs
845 Tralee Crazy 52.16 sec 22 March 1998 Nick Savva
1040 Honeygar Belle 67.63 sec 14 November 1989 Peter Billingham
450 H Druids Mickey Joe 27.12 sec 5 April 2005 Seamus Cahill
645 H Bozy Blue Blaze 40.94 sec 6 February 2001 John Mullins

Track records pre-metricEdit

+After the introduction of ray timing

Track records post-metricEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Track Search". Greyhound Board of Great Britain. Archived from the original on 25 December 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  2. ^ Betts, Bob (1988). Sporting Life Greyhound Annual 1988. Queen Anne Press. pp. 86–87. ISBN 0-356-14355-4.
  3. ^ a b c d e Baiden, Gary (2009). The History of Oxford Stadium. authorhouse. ISBN 978-1-4490-2054-5.
  4. ^ "OS County Series Oxfordshire 1937-1939". old-maps.co.uk.
  5. ^ a b Tarter, P Howard (1949). Greyhound Racing Encyclopedia. Fleet Publishing Company Ltd.
  6. ^ a b Bamford/Shailes, Robert/Glynn (2007). The History of Oxford Speedway. Tempus Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7524-4161-0.
  7. ^ "Oxford Greyhound Stadium, Lord Denham Performs Opening Ceremony, Saturday 1 April". Oxford Mail. 1939.
  8. ^ "Big Hurdle event at Eastville". Western Daily Press. 26 February 1942. p. 2 – via British Newspaper Archives.
  9. ^ "Dark Tiger shock at Wembley". Daily Herald. 8 November 1943. p. 4 – via British Newspaper Archives.
  10. ^ Genders, Roy (1981). The Encyclopedia of Greyhound Racing. Pelham Books Ltd. ISBN 07207-1106-1.
  11. ^ Genders, Roy (1990). NGRC book of Greyhound Racing. Pelham Books Ltd. ISBN 0-7207-1804-X.
  12. ^ "Announcements". Banbury Advertiser. 6 August 1952. p. 4 – via British Newspaper Archives.
  13. ^ "Greyhound racing". Worthing Herald. 15 May 1953. p. 20 – via British Newspaper Archives.
  14. ^ "Bids and Deals". Birmingham Daily Post. 10 February 1976. p. 21 – via British Newspaper Archives.
  15. ^ Barnes, Julia (1988). Daily Mirror Greyhound Fact File. Ringpress Books. p. 157. ISBN 0-948955-15-5.
  16. ^ Cremin, Jim (1987). Racing Post Greyhound Year. Racing Post. pp. 52–53. ISBN 0-9512081-0-1.
  17. ^ Barnes, Julia (1988). Daily Mirror Greyhound Fact File. Ringpress Books. p. 116. ISBN 0-948955-15-5.
  18. ^ The National Greyhound Racing Club Greyhound Racing Yearbook, pages 104-108. Ringpress. 1995. ISBN 1-86054-010-4.
  19. ^ "Scurry Cup 93 UK". Greyhound Data. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  20. ^ "Monthly Greyhound Star (Remember When)". Greyhound Star. 2012.
  21. ^ "Oxford Stadium" (PDF). Oxford City Council. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  22. ^ "Oxford Stadium sold to GRA". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  23. ^ Hobbs, Jonathan (2002). Greyhound Annual 2003. Raceform. ISBN 1-904317-07-3.
  24. ^ "Archive - Monday, 12 September 2005". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  25. ^ "Oxford greyhound stadium stages last race meeting". BBC News. Retrieved 1 November 2020.