Outline of ancient Egypt
The following outline is provided as an overview of a topical guide to ancient Egypt:
Ancient Egypt – ancient civilization of eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 BCE (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh.
The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that facilitated the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics; a practical and effective system of medicine; irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques; some of the first known ships; Egyptian faience and glass technology; new forms of literature; and the earliest known peace treaty. Its monuments have inspired the imaginations of travellers and writers for centuries.
What type of thing is Ancient Egypt?Edit
Ancient Egypt can be described as:
Geography of ancient EgyptEdit
- Abu Gorab
- Abu Mena
- Abu Rawash
- Abu Simbel
- Al Fayyum/Atef-Pehu
- Beni Hasan
- Busiris (Lower Egypt)
- Deir el-Bahri
- Deir el-Medina
- Gebel el-Silsila
- Kom el-Hisn
- Memphis/Ineb Hedj
Government and politics of ancient EgyptEdit
- Pharaoh – an article about the history of the title "Pharaoh" with descriptions of the regalia, crowns and titles used.
- List of pharaohs – this article contains a list of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, from the Early Dynastic Period before 3000 BCE through to the end of the Ptolemaic Dynasty
- Coronation of the pharaoh
- Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
- Ancient Egyptian royal titulary
- Vizier (Ancient Egypt) – the vizier was the highest official in Ancient Egypt to serve the king, or pharaoh during the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms.
- Viceroy of Kush – the Lower Nubian Kush was a province of Egypt from the 16th century BCE to eleventh century BCE. During this period it was ruled by a viceroy who reported directly to the Egyptian Pharaoh.
- Treasurer (Ancient Egypt) – the treasurer was responsible for products coming to the royal palace. They were the main economical administrator of the royal belongings.
Military of ancient EgyptEdit
General history of ancient EgyptEdit
History of ancient Egypt, by periodEdit
- Prehistoric Egypt – The Prehistory of Egypt spans the period of earliest human settlement to the beginning of the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt in ca. 3100 BCE.
- Naqada I or Amratian culture - a cultural period in the history of predynastic Upper Egypt, which lasted approximately from 4000 to 3500 BCE.
- Naqada II or Gerzeh culture - The Gerzean is the second of three phases of the Naqada Culture, and so is called Naqada II. It begins circa 3500 BCE lasting through circa 3200 BCE.
- Naqada III or Semainean culture - Naqada III is the last phase of the Naqadan period of ancient Egyptian prehistory, dating approximately from 3200 to 3100 BCE.
- Early Dynastic Period of Egypt – The Archaic or Early Dynastic Period of Egypt immediately follows the unification of Lower and Upper Egypt c. 3100 BCE. It is generally taken to include:
- Old Kingdom of Egypt – The name given to the period in the 3rd millennium BCE when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization in complexity and achievement – the first of three so-called "Kingdom" periods, which mark the high points of civilization in the lower Nile Valley. This time period includes:
- First Intermediate Period of Egypt – This period is often described as a “dark period” in Ancient Egyptian history, spanning approximately 140 years after the end of the Old Kingdom from ca. 2181–2055 BCE. It included:
- Middle Kingdom of Egypt – The period in the history of ancient Egypt between 2055 BCE and 1650 BCE. This period includes:
- Second Intermediate Period of Egypt (Hyksos) – a period when Ancient Egypt fell into disarray for a second time, between the end of the Middle Kingdom and the start of the New Kingdom. It is best known as the period when the Hyksos made their appearance in Egypt and whose reign comprised
- New Kingdom of Egypt – Also referred to as the Egyptian Empire is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BCE and the 11th century BCE, covering:
- Third Intermediate Period – The time in Ancient Egypt from the death of Pharaoh Ramesses XI in 1070 BCE to the foundation of the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty by Psamtik I in 664 BCE. This period includes:
- Late Period of ancient Egypt
- The Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Egypt, also known as the Saite Period, lasted from 672 BCE to 525 BCE.
- The Twenty-seventh Dynasty of Egypt The First Persian Period (525 BC–404 BC), this period saw Egypt conquered by an expansive Persian Empire under Cambyses.
- The Twenty-eighth Dynasty of Egypt consisted of a single king, Amyrtaeus, prince of Sais, who rebelled against the Persians. This dynasty lasted 6 years, from 404 BC to 398 BC.
- The Twenty-ninth Dynasty of Egypt ruled from Mendes, for the period from 398 BC to 380 BC.
- The Thirtieth Dynasty consisted of a series of three pharaohs ruling from 380 BC until their final defeat in 343 BC lead to the re-occupation by the Persians.
- The Thirty-first Dynasty of Egypt was effectively a satrapy of the Achaemenid Persian Empire between 343 BC to 332 BC.
- The Ptolemaic dynasty ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom during the Hellenistic period, from 305 to 30 BC. They were the last dynasty of ancient Egypt.
- The Roman/Byzantine reign lasted from 30 BC to 646 AD.
- The Muslim conquest of Egypt took place between 639 and 646 AD.
History of ancient Egypt, by regionEdit
History of ancient Egypt, by subjectEdit
- Battle of the Delta
- Battle of Djahy
- Battle of Kadesh
- Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC)
- Battle of the Nile (47 BC)]
- Battle of Pelusium (343 BC)
- Battle of Pelusium (525 BC)
- Battle of Perire
- Egyptian chronology
- Egyptian–Hittite peace treaty
- History of the Karnak Temple complex
- History of timekeeping devices in Egypt
- Military history of Ancient Egypt
- Periodization of Ancient Egypt
- Population history of Egypt
- Sack of Thebes
- Siege of Dapur
Egyptology – study of ancient Egyptian history, language, literature, religion, architecture and art from the 5th millennium BC until the end of its native religious practices in the 4th century AD. A practitioner of the discipline is an "Egyptologist".
Egyptologist – a practitioner of Egyptology
- Edward R. Ayrton
- Giovanni Battista Belzoni
- Ludwig Borchardt
- Jaroslav Černý
- Alan Gardiner
- Selim Hassan
- Zahi Hawass
- Salima Ikram
- Antonio Loprieno
- Auguste Mariette
- Gaston Maspero
- Édouard Naville
- William Matthew Flinders Petrie
- Kim Ryholt
Museums with ancient Egyptian exhibitsEdit
- Egyptian Museum
- Giza Solar boat museum
- Grand Egyptian Museum
- Karanis Site Museum
- Luxor Museum
- Luxor Mummification Museum
- National Museum of Egyptian Civilization
United States of AmericaEdit
Culture of ancient EgyptEdit
- Cats in ancient Egypt
- Clothing in ancient Egypt
- Cuisine of ancient Egypt
- Dance in ancient Egypt
- Egyptian astronomy
- Egyptian mathematics
- Festivals in ancient Egypt
- Homosexuality in ancient Egypt
- Music of Egypt
- Symbols of ancient Egypt
- Technology of ancient Egypt
Architecture of ancient EgyptEdit
- Egyptian pyramids
- Egyptian temple
- False door
- Gardens of ancient Egypt
- Urban planning in ancient Egypt
Buildings and structuresEdit
- Block statue
- Egyptian pyramids (List)
- Great Sphinx of Giza
- Karnak Temple
- Lighthouse of Alexandria
- Library of Alexandria
- Luxor temple
Art of ancient EgyptEdit
- Amarna art
- Ancient Egyptian pottery
- Egyptian faience
- Funerary art in Ancient Egypt
- Painting in Ancient Egypt
- Portraiture in Ancient Egypt
- Sculpture in Ancient Egypt
Religion in ancient EgyptEdit
- Ancient Egyptian afterlife beliefs
- Ancient Egyptian deities
- Egyptian pantheon
- Ogdoad of Hermopolis
- Theban Triad
- Major deities
- Other deities
- Ancient Egyptian Deities in popular culture
- Egyptian pantheon
- Ancient Egyptian funerary practices
- Ancient Egyptian funerary texts
- Ancient Egyptian offering formula
- Ancient Egyptian retainer sacrifices
- Mortuary temple
- Decline of ancient Egyptian religion
- Religious concepts
- Egyptian mythology
Ancient Egyptian languageEdit
- Stages of ancient Egyptian language
- Archaic Egyptian: before 2600 BC, the language of the Early Dynastic Period. Egyptian writing in the form of labels and signs has been dated to 3200 BC.
- Old Egyptian: 2686 BC – 2181 BC, the language of the Old Kingdom
- Middle Egyptian: 2055 BC – 1650 BC, characterized the Middle Kingdom (2055 BC – 1650 BC), but endured through the early 18th Dynasty until the Amarna Period (1353 BC), and continued on as a literary language into the 4th century AD.
- Late Egyptian: 1069 BC – 700 BC, characterized the Third Intermediate Period (1069 BC – 700 BC), but started earlier with the Amarna Period (1353 BC).
- Demotic: 7th century BC – 5th century AD, from the Late Period through Roman times
- Coptic: 1st century AD – 17th century AD, from early Roman times to early modern times
- Writing systems
- Decipherment of ancient Egyptian scripts
- Transliteration of Ancient Egyptian
Publications about ancient EgyptEdit
- Index of ancient Egypt-related articles
- Glossary of Ancient Egypt artifacts
- Outline of classical studies
- Ancient Egypt lists
- List of ancient Egyptians
- List of ancient Egyptian palettes
- List of ancient Egyptian papyri
- List of ancient Egyptian scribes
- List of Egyptian hieroglyphs
- List of Egyptian pyramids
- List of pharaohs
- List of portraiture offerings with Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs
- List of Theban tombs
- Lists of Egyptian hieroglyphs
- "Chronology". Digital Egypt for Universities, University College London. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
- Dodson (2004) p. 46
- Ward, Cheryl. "World's Oldest Planked Boats", in Archaeology (Volume 54, Number 3, May/June 2001). Archaeological Institute of America.
- Clayton (1994) p. 153
- Kathryn A. Bard, An Introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt (Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 2008), 41.