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Location of Northern Ireland (orange)
– in the European continent (camel & white)
– in the United Kingdom (camel)

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland – one of the four countries of the United Kingdom.[1][2] Situated in the northeast of the island of Ireland, it shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west. At the time of the 2001 UK Census, its population was 1,685,000, constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the population of the United Kingdom.

Northern Ireland was created as a distinct division of the United Kingdom on 3 May 1921 under the Government of Ireland Act 1920,[3] although its constitutional roots lie in the 1800 Act of Union between Great Britain and Ireland.

Northern Ireland was for many years the site of a violent and bitter ethno-political conflict — the Troubles — which was caused by divisions between Irish nationalists, who are predominantly Roman Catholic, and unionists, who are predominantly Protestant. Unionists want Northern Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom,[4] while nationalists wish it to be politically reunited with the rest of Ireland.[5][6][7][8] Since the signing of the "Good Friday Agreement" in 1998, most of the paramilitary groups involved in the Troubles have ceased their armed campaigns.

Contents

General referenceEdit

Geography of Northern IrelandEdit

Geography of Northern Ireland

Environment of Northern IrelandEdit

Natural geographic features of Northern IrelandEdit

Regions of Northern IrelandEdit

Administrative divisions of Northern IrelandEdit

Administrative divisions of Northern Ireland

Municipalities of Northern IrelandEdit

Demography of Northern IrelandEdit

Demographics of Northern Ireland

Government and politics of Northern IrelandEdit

History of Northern IrelandEdit

By periodEdit

The TroublesEdit

The Troubles

By regionEdit

By countyEdit

By municipalityEdit

By subjectEdit

Culture of Northern IrelandEdit

Culture of Northern Ireland

Architecture in Northern IrelandEdit

Architecture of Northern Ireland

Art in Northern IrelandEdit

Art in Northern Ireland

Music of Northern IrelandEdit

Music of Northern Ireland

Cuisine of Northern IrelandEdit

Cuisine of Northern Ireland

Language in Northern IrelandEdit

Religion in Northern IrelandEdit

Religion in Northern Ireland

Religious placesEdit

Religions in Northern IrelandEdit

Sport in Northern IrelandEdit

Sport in Northern Ireland

Economy and infrastructure of Northern IrelandEdit

Education in Northern IrelandEdit

Health in Northern IrelandEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Countries of the UK". www.statistics.gov.uk – geography – beginners' guide to UK geography. UK Statistics Authority. 11 November 2005. Archived from the original on 11 November 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2009. The top-level division of administrative geography in the UK is the 4 countries – England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
  2. ^ "countries within a country". Number10.gov.uk. The Office of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. 10 January 2003. Archived from the original on 11 November 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2009. The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Its full name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland...Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom with a devolved legislative Assembly and a power sharing Executive made up of ministers from four political parties representing different traditions.
  3. ^ Statutory Rules & Orders published by authority, 1921 (No. 533); Additional source for 3 May 1921 date: Alvin Jackson, Home Rule – An Irish History, Oxford University Press, 2004, p198.
  4. ^ Standing up for Northern Ireland www.uup.org. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  5. ^ Richard Jenkin, 1997, Rethinking ethnicity: arguments and explorations, SAGE Publications: London: "In Northern Ireland the objectives of contemporary nationalists are the reunification of Ireland and the removal of British government."
  6. ^ Peter Dorey, 1995, British politics since 1945, Blackwell Publishers: Oxford: "Just as some Nationalists have been prepared to use violence in order to secure Irish reunification, so some Unionists have been prepared to use violence in order to oppose it."
  7. ^ "Strategy Framework Document: Reunification through Planned Integration: Sinn Féin's All Ireland Agenda". Archived from the original on 16 July 2006. Sinn Féin. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  8. ^ "Our Vision". www.sdlp.ie. SDLP. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  9. ^ "NI's population passes 1.75m mark". BBC News. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2010.

External linksEdit

  Wikimedia Atlas of Northern Ireland