Outline of New Zealand

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to New Zealand:

A map of the hemisphere centred on New Zealand, using an orthographic projection.
The location of New Zealand on a globe

New Zealand is an island nation located in the western South Pacific Ocean comprising two large islands, the North Island and the South Island, and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island / Rakiura and the Chatham Islands.[1] The indigenous Māori originally called the North Island Aotearoa, commonly translated into English as "The Land of the Long White Cloud"; "Aotearoa" is now used as the Māori language name for the entire country.[2]

New Zealand is situated about 2,000 km (1,200 mi) southeast of Australia across the Tasman Sea, its closest neighbours to the north being New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

The population is mostly of European descent, with the indigenous Māori being the largest minority. Asians and non-Māori Pacific Islanders are also significant minorities, especially in the cities. Charles III, as the King of New Zealand, is the head of state and, in his absence, is represented by a non-partisan governor-general. Political power is held by the democratically elected New Zealand Parliament under the leadership of the Prime Minister, who is the head of government. The Realm of New Zealand also includes the Cook Islands and Niue, which are self-governing but in free association; Tokelau; and the Ross Dependency (New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica).

General referenceEdit

Geography of New ZealandEdit

 
An enlargeable topographic map of New Zealand

Geography of New Zealand

Environment of New ZealandEdit

 
Satellite image of New Zealand

Environment of New Zealand

Natural geographic features of New ZealandEdit

Political geography of New ZealandEdit

Administrative divisions of New ZealandEdit

Administrative divisions of New Zealand

Demography of New ZealandEdit

Demographics of New Zealand

Government and politics of New ZealandEdit

Politics of New Zealand

Branches of the government of New ZealandEdit

Executive branch of the government of New ZealandEdit

Legislative branch of the government of New ZealandEdit

Judicial branch of the government of New ZealandEdit

Foreign relations of New ZealandEdit

Foreign relations of New Zealand

International organisation membershipEdit

New Zealand is a member of:[1]

Law and order in New ZealandEdit

Law of New Zealand

Military of New ZealandEdit

New Zealand Defence Force

Local government in New ZealandEdit

Local government in New Zealand

History of New ZealandEdit

History of New Zealand

Culture of New ZealandEdit

Culture of New Zealand

Art in New ZealandEdit

Sports in New ZealandEdit

Sports in New Zealand

Economy and infrastructure of New ZealandEdit

Economy of New Zealand

Education in New ZealandEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "New Zealand". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
  2. ^ McLintock, A. H. (24 November 2009) [originally published in 1966]. "Aotearoa". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  3. ^ "NZ Topo Map". Retrieved 13 January 2020.

External linksEdit

  Wikimedia Atlas of New Zealand