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The location of Mali
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Mali

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mali:

Malilandlocked sovereign country located in West Africa.[1] Mali is the seventh most extensive country in Africa, bordering Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west.

Consisting of eight regions, Mali's borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara, while the country's southern region, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. The country's economic structure centers around agriculture and fishing. Some of Mali's natural resources include gold, uranium, and salt. Due to a high incidence of poverty, Mali is considered to be one of the poorest nations in the world.

Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (from which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. In the late 19th century, Mali fell under French control, becoming part of French Sudan. Mali gained independence in 1959 with Senegal, as the Mali Federation in 1959. A year later, the Mali Federation became the independent nation of Mali in 1960. After a long period of one-party rule, a 1991 coup led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.


General referenceEdit

An enlargeable relief map of Mali

Geography of MaliEdit

An enlargeable topographic map of Mali

Geography of Mali


  Mauritania 2,237 km
  Algeria 1,376 km
  Burkina Faso 1,000 km
  Guinea 858 km
  Niger 821 km
  Cote d'Ivoire 532 km
  Senegal 419 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of MaliEdit

An enlargeable satellite image of Mali

Environment of Mali

Natural geographic features of MaliEdit

Regions of MaliEdit

Ecoregions of MaliEdit

List of ecoregions in Mali

Administrative divisions of MaliEdit

Administrative divisions of Mali

Regions of MaliEdit

Regions of Mali

Cercles of MaliEdit

Cercles of Mali

Arrondissements of MaliEdit

Arrondissements of Mali

Communes of MaliEdit

Communes of Mali

Municipalities of MaliEdit

Demography of MaliEdit

Demographics of Mali

Government and politics of MaliEdit

Politics of Mali

Branches of the government of MaliEdit

Government of Mali

Executive branch of the government of MaliEdit

Legislative branch of the government of MaliEdit

Judicial branch of the government of MaliEdit

Court system of Mali

Foreign relations of MaliEdit

Foreign relations of Mali

International organization membershipEdit

The Republic of Mali is a member of:[1]

Law and order in MaliEdit

Law of Mali

Military of MaliEdit

Military of Mali

Local government in MaliEdit

Local government in Mali

History of MaliEdit

Culture of MaliEdit

Economy and infrastructure of MaliEdit

Education in MaliEdit

Health in MaliEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Mali". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 3, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

External linksEdit

  Wikimedia Atlas of Mali