Out of print
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An out of print (OOP) item, typically a book, is something that is no longer being published. It can also include any print or visual medium or sound recording, or video recording such as DVD or Blu-Ray.
An item goes out of print when a publisher does not reprint, re-press, or reissue after all copies have been sold to retailers. Reasons may include:
- the perception of the publisher that continuing to produce the work is no longer a commercially viable venture, i.e. that there is no longer a market for it
- a limited print run (Timothy McSweeney's Quarterly Concern)
- antiquation, or the obsolescence of content or format (laserdisc, VHS, compact cassette)
- plans for a revised or reformatted edition
- the presence of errors, flaws, fabrication, offensive content, or plagiarism (sometimes preceded by a recall)
- banning or censorship
- intellectual property obstacles, such as the expiration of a publisher's license to release content owned by another copyright holder. For example, a novelization of a film that was released 10 years ago is likely to go OOP for this reason. See licensing section in The Criterion Collection article for an example.
Out of print items are often pursued by collectors through aftermarket retailers such as used bookstores, record shops, and online auction sites. Sellers of out of print merchandise on auction sites will typically include "OOP" or its equivalent in product descriptions. The designation is sometimes misappropriated—an example is in keyword stuffing, where the acronym is used to generate numerous search results even as it does not apply to the items retrieved. The abbreviation is sometimes placed in descriptions of items whose publication or production status is unclear (such as DVDs said to be returning to the "Disney Vault") to affect interest in the product.
- Criterion DVDs (Out of Print titles indicated in red), The Criterion Collection website
- Out of print Criterion Laserdiscs, The Criterion Collection website
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