Ottumwa station

Ottumwa is an Amtrak intercity train station in Ottumwa, Iowa, United States. The station was originally built by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, and has been listed as Burlington Depot by the National Register of Historic Places since November 26, 2008. It became a contributing property in the Historic Railroad District in 2011.

Ottumwa, IA
California Zephyr at Ottumwa, August 2017.jpg
The eastbound California Zephyr at Ottumwa in August 2017
Location210 West Main Street, Ottumwa, Iowa
Platforms1 side platform, 1 island platform
Tracks2
Construction
ParkingYes
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeOTM
History
RebuiltMay 26, 1951[1]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)12,209[2]Increase 0.44%
Services
Preceding station BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak Following station
Osceola
toward Emeryville
California Zephyr Mount Pleasant
toward Chicago
Former services
Preceding station BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak Following station
Osceola Desert Wind
Discontinued in 1997
Mount Pleasant
toward Chicago
Preceding station Burlington Route Following station
Chillicothe
toward Denver
Main Line Agency City
toward Chicago
Preceding station Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad Following station
Kirkville
toward Oskaloosa
OskaloosaKeokuk Cliffland
toward Keokuk
At nearby Jefferson Street station
Preceding station Milwaukee Road Following station
Ottumwa Sherman Street
towards Kansas City or Savanna
Kansas City – Savanna Reverses direction
Terminus Ottumwa – Cedar Rapids Ottumwa Sherman Street
towards Cedar Rapids
Preceding station Wabash Railroad Following station
Carbon
toward Moulton
Ottumwa Branch Terminus
Burlington Depot
Ottumwa depot.jpg
The former Burlington depot, currently used by Amtrak.
Ottumwa station is located in Iowa
Ottumwa station
Ottumwa station is located in the United States
Ottumwa station
Coordinates41°01′07″N 92°24′54″W / 41.0186°N 92.4149°W / 41.0186; -92.4149Coordinates: 41°01′07″N 92°24′54″W / 41.0186°N 92.4149°W / 41.0186; -92.4149
Built1951
Built byBenson Const. Co.
ArchitectHolabird, Root & Burgee
Architectural styleModern Movement
Part ofHistoric Railroad District (ID11000723)
NRHP reference No.08001100
Added to NRHPNovember 26, 2008[3]

HistoryEdit

The Burlington and Missouri River Railroad (B&M) reached Ottumwa from Burlington, Iowa in 1859, and the city remained the western terminus for the line until after the American Civil War. In the summer of 1865 work began to extend the line west of Ottumwa and it reached the Missouri River four years later. The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CB&Q) invested heavily in the project and took over the B&M in 1875. The CB&Q built a combination passenger and freight depot in Ottumwa in 1889. Its design was attributed to the Chicago architectural firm of Burnham and Root, who designed all of the railroad's larger depots.[4] Ottumwa was the division point for the line. The CB&Q was one of five railroads that served the city, and it shared their depot with the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad. This depot was known as Ottumwa Union Depot.[4] The Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad (Milwaukee Road) and Wabash Railroad served Ottumwa at a depot at Jefferson Street, listed as about .25 miles (0.40 km) away from the current station.[5][6] The since-abandoned Milwaukee Road tracks were on a branch from its main line to Kansas City, which ran through Ottumwa on the northwest side of town. The Wabash Railroad tracks ended at Ottumwa, and crossed the Des Moines River on a bridge that has been repurposed into a trail.[7][8]

After World War II Ottumwa experienced a building boom, and the CB&Q decided to replace its depot with a modern one. The Chicago architectural firm of Holabird, Root & Burgee designed the new depot as well new depot in Burlington, Iowa in 1943. That depot was the standard used to design other CB&Q depots after the war with Ottumwa being one.[4] The new Ottumwa depot was completed in 1951 by Benson Construction Company using the limestone foundation of the old depot and its exterior walls. None of the old depot is visible today. During construction, the railroad used two passenger cars as ticket office and waiting room. Ballingall Park in front of the depot was completed at the same time. The present depot is a two-story structure designed in a simple Modernist style. The rectangular building features a flat roof, broad eaves banded windows, and an exterior clad with ashlar Lannon stone.

Local transit connectionsEdit

The Ottumwa Transit Authority East-West Route stops near the station. However, under the current California Zephyr schedule, Emeryville-bound trains arrive almost an hour after the system ends its daily operations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ottumwa Dedicates Railroad Station and City Park". The Des Moines Register. May 27, 1951. p. 25. Retrieved July 1, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.  
  2. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of Iowa" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c Molly Myers Naumann. "NRHP Inventory-Nomination: Burlington Depot". National Park Service. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  5. ^ Waterman, Harrison Lyman (1914). History of Wapello County, Iowa. 1. Wapello County: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 163. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  6. ^ "Index of Railroad Stations". Official Guide of the Railways. New York City: National Railway Publishing Company. June 1941. p. 1445.
  7. ^ Carpenter, Richard C. (2013). "Ottumwa, IA". A Railroad Atlas of the United States in 1946: Volume 5: Iowa and Minnesota. JHU Press. p. 104A. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  8. ^ Newman, Mark (September 7, 2018). "Historic Wabash railroad society is coming to Ottumwa". Ottumwa Courier. Retrieved April 9, 2020.

External linksEdit