Ottoman campaign against Hormuz

The Ottoman campaign against Hormuz took place in 1552–54. An Ottoman fleet led by Admiral Piri Reis and Seydi Ali Reis was dispatched from the Ottoman harbour of Suez to eliminate the Portuguese presence from the northwestern part of the Indian Ocean, and especially their fortress at Hormuz Island.

Ottoman campaign against Hormuz
(1552–1554)
Part of Ottoman–Portuguese conflicts (1538–1559)
Piris Reis expedition map-fr.svg

Seydi Ali-Ambush.png

Seydi Ali Reis and his galleys taken in an ambush by Portuguese forces while trying to bring back his fleet from Basra to Suez in August 1554.
Date1552–1554
Location
Result

Stalemate

  • Ottomans capture Muscat from Portuguese but loses later against Portuguese Fleet
Belligerents

Flag Portugal (1521).svgPortuguese Empire

Naval Ensign of the Ottoman Empire (1453–1793).svg Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Afonso de Noronha Piri Reis
Seydi Ali Reis
Strength
unknown 4 galleons
25 galleys
850 troops
Casualties and losses
All Forces and Garrisons in Muscat enslaved or killed Half of Ships destroyed or captured

PreliminariesEdit

The Ottomans were able to take possession of Basra from Persia during the Ottoman–Safavid War (1532–1555). The Ottomans were then able to capture several key positions in the Persian Gulf. In 1550, they captured Qatīf.[1]

In the 1552–54 expedition, the Ottoman force consisted in 4 galleons, 25 galleys, and 850 troops, dispatched from the Ottoman harbour of Suez.[2]

Sieges of Muscat and HormuzEdit

The fleet managed to sack Portuguese Muscat, modern Oman, in August 1552 in the Capture of Muscat. Soon, however, the Ottomans departed. However, they were unsuccessful in the Siege of Hormuz in September 1552.[1]

Ultimately, the fleet managed to occupy and control the coasts of Yemen, Aden, and Arabia, as far north as Basra, so as to facilitate their trade with India.[2] The fleet went up to Basra, then an Ottoman harbour. They were unable to capture Bahrain in 1559.[1]

Meanwhile, during the year 1553, Seydi Ali Reis was leading an expedition against the Portuguese into the Indian Ocean, but he was unsuccessful.[1]

Seydi Ali Reis and his galleys would be taken in an ambush (Battle of the Gulf of Oman) by Portuguese forces while he was trying to bring back his fleet from Basra to Suez in August 1554.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d The Cambridge history of Islam Peter Malcolm Holt, Ann K. S. Lambton, Bernard Lewis p.332 [1]
  2. ^ a b Maritime India-Trade, Religion and Polity In the Indian Ocean by Pius Malekandathil p.117 [2]