Otto I, Count of Salm (c. 1080 – 1150) was a German nobleman. He was a ruling count of Salm and from 1125 to 1137, he was co-ruler of the County Palatine of the Rhine with his stepson William.

Otto I
Count of Salm
Bornc. 1080
Died1150 (aged 69–70)
Noble familyHouse of Salm
Spouse(s)Gertrude of Northeim
FatherHermann of Salm
MotherSophia of Formbach



His parents were the German anti-king Hermann of Salm and his wife Sophia of Formbach. Around 1115, he married Gertrude, the widow of Count Palatine Siegfried of Ballenstedt, daughter and heir of Henry, Margrave of Frisia and Gertrude of Brunswick. Gertrude was also the sister of Richenza of Northeim, the consort of Emperor Lothair III.

Otto constructed Rheineck Castle and from c. 1124, he styled himself Otto of Rheineck, after his castle. After his stepson Count Palatine William of the Rhine had died in 1140, he claimed the County Palatine of the Rhine. However, King Conrad III of Germany, who had been elected in 1138, decided that the County Palatine was a completed fief, and hence fell back to the King, who gave it to his brother-in-law and devoted supporter Herman of Stahleck.

Otto managed to keep Treis Castle until 1148, and Rheineck Castle until 1151. In 1148, war broke out between Otto and the Emperor. The Emperor took Treis Castle in 1148, and gave it to the Elector of Trier. In 1151, he captured and destroyed Rheineck Castle.



Otto married Gertrude, daughter of Henry, Margrave of Frisia.[1] They had several children, including:




  1. ^ Schaab, Geschichte der Kurpfalz, p. 30.
Otto I, Count of Salm
Born: c. 1080 Died: 1150
Preceded by Count Palatine of the Rhine
Succeeded by