Otto Hönigschmid

Otto Hönigschmid (13 March 1878 in Hořovice – 14 October 1945 in Munich) was a Czech/Austrian chemist. He won the Haitinger Prize of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in 1913.[1]

Otto Hönigschmid
Born(1878-03-13)13 March 1878
Died14 October 1945(1945-10-14) (aged 67)
Cause of deathSuicide
Alma materUniversity of Prague
Known formeasurement of atomic mass
AwardsLiebig Medal (1940)
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Paris,
Harvard University,
University of Munich
Doctoral advisorGuido Goldschmiedt
Doctoral studentsEduard Zintl,
Josef Goubeau


Hönigschmid studied at the gymnasium in Olomouc, then at the Charles University in Prague under the guidance of Guido Goldschmiedt (the discoverer of the structure of papaverine).


Hönigschmid worked in Paris under Henri Moissan (1904–06) and at Harvard University under Theodore Richards. He was habilitated in 1908. After 1911 he was professor of inorganic and analytical chemistry at the Prague Polytechnic University, and after World War I at the University of Munich. He specialised in research on carbides, silicates and measurement of atomic mass.


He committed suicide shortly after his friend and colleague at the Munich University Hans Fischer.


  1. ^ Birckenbach, Lothar (1949). "Otto Hönigschmid 1878-1945". Chemische Berichte (in German). 82 (4–5): XI–LXV. doi:10.1002/cber.19490820423.

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