Ostap Nyzhankivsky

Ostap Yosypovych Nyzhankivsky (Ukrainian: Остап Йосипович Нижанківський and Отець Остап Нижанківський); 24 January 1863[1] – 22 May 1919) – Ukrainian writer and cleric, a priest of the UGCC, composer, conductor, and public figure.

Ostap Nyzhankivsky
Отець Остап Нижанківський
Ostap Nyzhankivsky 2 edited.jpg
Personal
BornJanuary 24, 1863
Mali Didushychi (now Stryi district of Lviv region).
DiedMay 22, 1919
Resting placeAt the Stryi city cemetery.
Families Nyzhankivsky tomb. Stryi.
ReligionCatholic Church
SchoolPrimary school in the village Duliby and later – of Drohobych gymnasium.
InstituteGreek Catholic Theological Seminary in Lviv.

LifeEdit

Ostap Nyzhankivsky born in the village of Mali Didushychi[2] (today Stryi district of Lviv region) January 24, 1863. He was born in a large family of Greek Catholic priest of Joseph Nyzhankivsky (1836 - 1911), which was a priest of the Greek Catholic parish in the village Mali Didushychi. Then the family moved to the village Zavadiv.
He studied in the nearby village Duliby and later he studied in Drohobych and Lviv gymnasium. Ostap Nyzhankivsky was expelled from the sixth grade of gymnasium and had to enter military service in the Austrian army in Lviv (1882-1885). Ostap has participated in the company “Academic Fraternity”, where he met Ivan Franko and with the composer, conductor and public figure Anatole Vakhnianyn.
The Lviv gymnasium Nyzhankivsky graduated in 1888. Later he studied and graduated from the Greek Catholic Theological Seminary in Lviv (1888 - 1892).[3]
Ostap Nyzhankivsky got married after ordination in 1892 with the Olena Bachynska, what was the daughter of Galician composer Hilary Bachynsky.
The first parish Ostap Nyzhankivsky received in the Berezhany. 1900 – moved to Stryi. The first parish he had in the village Duliby, later in the village Zavadiv. The first cooperative dairy (in Zavadiv) and the Provincial Home and Dairy Union in Stryi (later renamed Maslosojuz Provincial Dairy Union) has founded in 1907 Ostap Nyzhankivsky.
May 21, 1919 during the Polish–Ukrainian War he was arrested by Polish authorities.
The Polish authorities May 22, 1919 without trial on the outskirts city Stryi was shot Ostap Nyzhankivsky. When Ostap Nyzhankivsky was shot, Poles came to the house of Nyzhankivsky in the village Zavadiv and took all the cattle, poultry, grains.[4] Polish soldiers took off shoes of the murdered priest, took off a gold wedding ring, took the clock.[5]
He was buried in the city Stryi at the cemetery in the family tomb together with his wife Elena Nyzhankivsky (née Bachynska).

Composer and musical activitiesEdit

Ostap Nyzhankivsky graduated with honors from the Prague Conservatory in 1896.

He dedicated much of his energy to developing musical life in Galicia. He founded the music publishing house Muzykalna Biblioteka (1885) and compiled Ukraïns’ko-rus’kyi spivanyk (Українсько-руський співаник, Ukrainian-Ruthenian Songbook, 1907). Ostap helped popularise the piano in Western Ukraine, particularly as a solo instrument, but also as an accompanist to Ukrainian Art Song.[6]

His works for choir ‘Hulialy’ (Гуляли, They Danced) and ‘Z Okrushkiv’ (З окрушків, From Crumbs, text by Yuriy Fedkovych) became very popular. He also wrote art songs for solo voice with piano accompaniment, including ‘Mynuly lita molodii’ (Минули літа молодії, The Years of Youth Have Passed By); arrangements of folk songs for solo voice or choir; and Vitrohony, a cycle of kolomyika melodies for piano.

Ostap Nyzhankivskyi wrote the carols "God Is Born" (Boh sya rozhdaye, Бог ся рождає),[7] "Heaven and earth" (Nebo i zemlya, Небо і земля),[8] "News in Bethlehem" (Vo Vyfleyemi nyni novyna, Во Вифлеємі нині новина)[9] and others...

Political activismEdit

Ostap Nyzhankovsky was elected to the Galician Diet in 1908–13. He was also elected a member of the UPR, and district commissioner WUPR.[10]
Football team in the city of Stryi Sich was created in 1911. The president of Sich became well known Ukrainian composer Ostap Nyzhankivsky.

ReferencesEdit

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