Oskar Johann Viktor Anderson (Russian: Оскар Николаевич Андерсон, romanized: Oskar Nikolaevič Anderson; 2 August [O.S. 21 July] 1887] – 12 February 1960) was a Russian-German mathematician of Baltic German descent. He was most famously known for his work on mathematical statistics and econometrics.
Oskar Anderson in Tartu (around 1930)
Oskar Johann Viktor Anderson
2 August [O.S. 21 July] 1887
|Died||February 12, 1960 (aged 72)|
|Nationality||German, Bulgarian, Russian|
|Known for||Variate Difference Method|
|Spouse(s)||Margarethe Natalie von Hindenburg-Hirtenberg|
|Academic advisors||Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov|
Anderson was born from a Baltic German family in Minsk (now in Belarus), but soon moved to Kazan (Russia). His father, Nikolai Anderson, was professor in Finno-Ugric languages at the University of Kazan. His older brothers were the folklorist Walter Anderson and the astrophysicist Wilhelm Anderson.
Oskar Anderson graduated from Kazan Gymnasium with a gold medal in 1906. After studying mathematics for one year at the University of Kazan, he moved to St. Petersburg to study economics at the Polytechnic Institute. From 1907 to 1915, he was Aleksandr Chuprov's student and assistant. In 1912 he married Margarethe Natalie von Hindenburg-Hirtenberg, a granddaughter of Wilhelm Paul von Hindenburg-Hirtenberg who was commemorated in "The Funeral of 'The Universal Man'" in Dostoyevsky's A Writer's Diary, and started lecturing at a commercial school in St. Petersburg while also studying for a law degree at the University of Saint Petersburg, graduating in 1914.
In 1918 he took on a professorship in Kiev but he was forced to flee Russia in 1920 due to the Russian Revolution, first taking a post in Budapest (Hungary) before becoming a professor at the University of Economics at Varna (Bulgaria) in 1924.
Anderson was one of the charter members of the Econometric Society, whose members also elected him to be a fellow of the society in 1933. In the same year he also received a fellowship from the Rockefeller Foundation.
Supported by the foundation, in 1935 he established and became director of the Statistical Institute for Economic Research at the University of Sofia. For the remainder of the decade he also served the League of Nations as an associate member of its Committee of Statistical Experts.
In 1942 he joined the Kiel Institute for the World Economy as head of the Department of Eastern Studies and also took up a full professorship of statistics at the University of Kiel, where he was joined by his brother Walter after the end of the second world war. In 1947 he took a position at the University of Munich, teaching there until 1956, when he retired.
- Einführung in die Mathematische Statistik, Wien : Springer-Verlag, 1935, ISBN 978-3-7091-5873-9 
- Über die repräsentative Methode und deren Anwendung auf die Aufarbeitung der Ergbnisse der bulgarischen landwirtschaftlichen Betriebszählung vom 31. Dezember 1926, München : Bayer. Statist. Landesamt, 1949
- Die Saisonschwankungen in der deutschen Stromproduktion vor und nach dem Kriege , München : Inst. f. Wirtschaftsforschung, 1950
- Jörg Siebels; Kerstin Nees. "Oskar Anderson". Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Famous scholars from Kiel. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- Strecker, Heinrich; Strecker, Rosemarie (2016). "Oskar Anderson". Encyclopedia of Mathematics. Springer-Verlag GmbH, Heidelberg.
- "Формулярный списокь (service record): Николай Андерсон (Nikolai Anderson)", Oskar Nikolaevich Anderson (1907-1912) (in Russian), St. Petersburg: Archives of the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute of the Emperor Peter the Great in the Central State Historical Archives of St. Petersburg, pp. 9–18, retrieved 2018-10-27
- Рафикова (Rafikova), Г. (G.); Ибрагимова (Ibrahimova), Ф. (F.) (2016). "Биографика Казанского университета: Андерсоны (Kazan University Biography: Anderson)". Гасырлар авазы – Эхо веков (in Russian). 2016 1/2.
- Оскар Николаевич Андерсон (1907-1912) / Oskar Nikolaevich Anderson (1907-1912) (in Russian), St. Petersburg: Archives of the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute of the Emperor Peter the Great in the Central State Historical Archives of St. Petersburg, TsGIASpb 478 1 64, retrieved 2018-10-27
- Андерсон Оскар Николаевич - стипендиат (1912-1914) / Oskar Nikolaevich Anderson - scholarship holder (1912-1914) (in Russian), St. Petersburg: Archives of the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute of the Emperor Peter the Great in the Central State Historical Archives of St. Petersburg, TsGIASpb 478 23 5, retrieved 2018-10-27
- Снапкоўскі, Юрый (2016). "ГІНДЭНБУРГІ, ПАСТОРЫУСЫ дэ ГІНДЭНБУРГІ (HINDENBURG, PASTORYUS de HINDENBURG) герба «БРОХВІЧ I»". Гербоўнік беларускай шляхты (in Belarusian). 4. pp. 372–379.
- Fels, Eberhard (1961). "Oskar Anderson, 1887-1960". Econometrica. 29 (1): 74–79. doi:10.2307/1907689. JSTOR 1907689.
- "In Memoriam". List of Deceased Fellows of the Econometric Society. Retrieved April 4, 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Faure, Justine (2012), The Rockefeller Foundation Fellows in Social Sciences: Transnational Networks and Construction of Disciplines — The Example of East Central Europe, Rockefeller Archive Center
- Avramov, Roumen (September 2018). "Chapter 1: From Nationalization to Nowhere. Ownership in Bulgarian Economic Thought (1944–1989)". In Kovács, János Mátyás (ed.). Populating No Man's Land: Economic Concepts of Ownership under Communism. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 23–46. ISBN 978-1-4985-3921-0.
- "Report of Work in the Social Sciences". The Rockefeller Foundation Annual Report 1937 (PDF) (Report). The Rockefeller Foundation. 1938. p. 258. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
- Anderson, Oskar N. (1935). Einführung in die Mathematische Statistik (in German). Springer-Verlag Wien. doi:10.1007/978-3-7091-5923-1. ISBN 978-3-7091-5923-1. Zbl 0012.11104.
- Menges, Günter (1965). "Das Werk Oskar Andersons". FinanzArchiv / Public Finance Analysis. New Series (in German). 24 (1): 126–130. JSTOR 40909833.
- Sheynin, O.B. (1970). "Anderson, Oskar Johann Viktor". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 154–155. ISBN 978-0-684-10114-9.
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F. (May 2000), "Oskar Johann Viktor Anderson", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.