Osiek, Oświęcim County

Osiek [ˈɔɕek] (German: Bratmannsdorf) is a village in Oświęcim County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Osiek.[1] It lies approximately 12 kilometres (7 mi) south of Oświęcim and 50 km (31 mi) west of the regional capital Kraków.

Osiek
Village
16th-century wooden church in Osiek
16th-century wooden church in Osiek
Osiek is located in Poland
Osiek
Osiek
Coordinates: 49°56′57″N 19°15′57″E / 49.94917°N 19.26583°E / 49.94917; 19.26583
CountryPoland Poland
VoivodeshipLesser Poland
CountyOświęcim
GminaOsiek
First mentioned1278
Population
6,300
Websitehttp://www.osiek.pl/

The village has a population of 6,300.

HistoryEdit

The village and a local church were first mentioned in 1278 as ecclesia de Ossech.[2] It was again mentioned in 1326 in the register of Peter's Pence payment among Catholic parishes of Oświęcim deaconry of the Diocese of Kraków as Ossek.[3]

Politically it belonged initially to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz and the Castellany of Oświęcim, which was in 1315 formed in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland into the Duchy of Oświęcim, ruled by a local branch of Silesian Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia. In 1457 Jan IV of Oświęcim agreed to sell the duchy to the Polish Crown, and in the accompanying document issued on 21 February the village was mentioned as Osschek.[4]

The territory of the Duchy of Oświęcim was eventually incorporated into Poland in 1564 and formed Silesian County of Kraków Voivodeship. Upon the First Partition of Poland in 1772 it became part of the Austrian Kingdom of Galicia. After World War I and fall of Austria-Hungary it became part of Poland. It was annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II, and afterwards it was restored to Poland.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ Zinkow, Julian (1994). Oświęcim i okolice. Przewodnik monograficzny (in Polish). Oświęcim: Wydawnictwo „PLATAN“. p. 223. ISBN 83-7094-002-1.
  3. ^ Jan, Ptaśnik (1913). Monumenta Poloniae Vaticana T.1 Acta Camerae Apostolicae. Vol. 1, 1207-1344 (in Latin). Cracoviae: Sumpt. Academiae Litterarum Cracoviensis. pp. 147–150.
  4. ^ Prokop, Krzysztof Rafał (2002). Księstwa oświęcimskie i zatorskie wobec Korony Polskiej w latach 1438-1513. Dzieje polityczne (in Polish). Kraków: PAU. p. 151. ISBN 83-88857-31-2.


Coordinates: 49°56′57″N 19°15′57″E / 49.94917°N 19.26583°E / 49.94917; 19.26583