Open main menu

Oscar Charles Badger II (June 26, 1890 – November 30, 1958) was an admiral of the United States Navy who served in both World Wars, and, as a junior officer, received the Medal of Honor.

Oscar Charles Badger II
Badger OscarC2 USN cropped.jpg
Born(1890-06-26)June 26, 1890
Washington, D.C.
DiedNovember 30, 1958(1958-11-30) (aged 68)
Place of burial
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchSeal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg United States Navy
Years of service1911 - 1952
RankUS-O10 insignia.svg Admiral
Commands held
Battles/wars
Awards
RelationsCommodore Oscar C. Badger, grandfather
Admiral Charles J. Badger, father

Early life and familyEdit

The grandson of Commodore Oscar C. Badger (1823–1899), son of Admiral Charles J. Badger (1853–1932) and a cousin of Secretary of the Navy George E. Badger (1795–1866), Oscar Badger II was born June 26, 1890, in Washington, D.C.[1] He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1911.[2]

Naval careerEdit

Veracruz OccupationEdit

As an ensign in USS Utah (BB-31), in 1914 he participated in the U.S. occupation of Veracruz. Several thousand American troops landed, in an effort to force out General Victoriano Huerta, who had seized power in Mexico. Fifty-five men were received the Medal of Honor for this action, including seven leaders of the battleship's 'bluejacket battalion'. Badger was cited, "For distinguished conduct in battle, engagements of Vera Cruz, 21 and April 22, 1914. Ens. Badger was in both days' fighting at the head of his company, and was eminent and conspicuous in his conduct, leading his men with skill and courage."

World War I and interwar serviceEdit

Badger served with the destroyer force in European waters during World War I. He commanded the destroyer USS Worden (DD-16) from August to October 1918. Badger received the Navy Cross for distinguished service as her commanding officer.

Following the war, he served as gunnery officer on various ships. He was then assigned to duty with the Bureau of Ordnance.

World War IIEdit

In 1941, Captain Badger took command of USS North Carolina (BB-55) and in 1942, after promotion to Rear Admiral, was Commander Destroyers Atlantic Fleet and subsequently Assistant Chief of Naval Operations for Logistics Plans.[3]

In February 1944, he became Commander Service Squadrons South Pacific and in October Commander of Battleship Division 7. Badger was the first Navy officer to step ashore in Japan at the end of World War II.

Admiral Badger received four awards of the Legion of Merit (two with the Combat "V" device) for service during World War II.

Postwar serviceEdit

On January 19, 1948, Badger was promoted to vice admiral and, the following month, became Commander, Naval Forces, Far East. In that post, he observed the gradual loss of the Chinese mainland to Communist forces and supervised the retirement of American forces to port cities on the China coast. Following his service as commander of Western Pacific naval forces, Badger was appointed as Commander, Naval Forces, Western Pacific, later commanding the Eleventh Naval District, and the Eastern Sea Frontier.

On June 19, 1951, during congressional hearings on the loss of China, Vice-Admiral Badger testified that the U.S. arms embargo against Nationalist China led to a loss of capability and morale that resulted in their defeat by Communist Chinese forces led by Mao Tse-Tung.[4]

He retired from the U.S. Navy in June 1952 with the rank of full admiral.[3]

Badger was a consultant with Sperry Corporation.[3]

Badger was the commander of Civil Defense from 1952 to 1953.[3]

Admiral Badger died on November 30, 1958 and was buried in Section 2 of Arlington National Cemetery.[1]

LegacyEdit

Officially, USS Badger (FF-1071) was named in honor of all the members of the Badger family who served in the U.S. Navy, but when she was launched in 1968, her sponsor, Isabelle Austen Badger, Adm. Badger's widow, said "I christen thee Oscar Charles Badger II!".[5]

AwardsEdit

   
 
   
   
1st Row Medal of Honor Navy Cross Legion of Merit
with three Gold Stars
2nd Row Mexican Service Medal World War I Victory Medal
with "DESTROYER" clasp
American Defense Service Medal
with "FLEET" clasp
3rd Row American Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
with five battle stars
World War II Victory Medal
4th Row Navy Occupation Medal
with "ASIA" clasp
National Defense Service Medal Philippine Liberation Medal

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Admiral Badger received the Medal of Honor for actions in the Veracruz Occupation December 4, 1915 as an Ensign. The medal was Accredited to: District of Columbia. G.O. No.: 177.

Citation:

For distinguished conduct in battle, engagements of Vera Cruz, 21 and 22 April 1914. Ens. Badger was in both days' fighting at the head of his company, and was eminent and conspicuous in his conduct, leading his men with skill and courage.[6]

Navy Cross citationEdit

Navy Cross awarded for actions during World War I

Citation:

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lieutenant Commander Oscar Charles Badger (NSN: 0-7626), United States Navy, for distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. WORDEN, engaged in the important, exacting and hazardous duty of patrolling the waters infested by enemy submarines and mines, protecting vitally important convoys of troops and supplies through these waters and in offensive and defensive action, vigorously and unremittingly prosecuted against all forms of enemy naval activity during the World War.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Oscar C. Badger II", Arlington National Cemetery.
  2. ^ Notable Graduates, USNA.
  3. ^ a b c d Who Was Who in American History - the Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1975. p. 22. ISBN 0837932017.
  4. ^ Badger, Oscar C. (Adm), Testimony Before the Senate Joint Committee on Armed Forces and Foreign Relations, Volume XXXVIH (June 19, 1951), pp. 7166-7423
  5. ^ "USS Badger Namesake", USS Badger 1071.org.
  6. ^ "Badger, Oscar Charles", CMH.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit