|Municipal assoc.||Südliches Saaletal|
|• Mayor||Uwe Nitsche|
|• Total||7.58 km2 (2.93 sq mi)|
|Elevation||207 m (679 ft)|
|• Density||150/km2 (380/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Vehicle registration||SHK, EIS, SRO|
The town centre stretches along the steep banks of the Saale river at the confluence with the Orla, approximately 17 km (11 mi) south of Jena. With a population of about 1,100 it is one of the smallest towns in Thuringia.
Located at the eastern rim of the early medieval Duchy of Thuringia, Orlamünde was the site of a fortress at the border with lands of the Polabian Slavs and the Sorbian March. The settlement itself was first mentioned in a 1039 deed. The estates were acquired by Count Otto of Weimar about 1062, who also ruled as Margrave of Meissen. He and his descendants went on to rule as Counts of Weimar-Orlamünde until the dynasty became extinct in 1112 and their possessions were inherited by the Saxon House of Ascania.
The St Mary's parish church was erected west of Orlamünde Castle in the 11th century. A Williamite monastery is documented from 1331. When the Ascanian counts of Weimar-Orlamünde became extinct in 1372, their estates fell to the House of Wettin.