Organized Crime Control Act
The Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 (Pub.L. 91–452, 84 Stat. 922 October 15, 1970), was an Act of Congress sponsored by Democratic Senator John L. McClellan and signed into law by U.S. President Richard Nixon.
|Other short titles||Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act|
|Long title||An Act relating to the control of organized crime in the United States.|
|Nicknames||Organized Crime Control Act of 1970|
|Enacted by||the 91st United States Congress|
|Effective||October 15, 1970|
|Statutes at Large||84 Stat. 922-3|
|Titles amended||18 U.S.C.: Crimes and Criminal Procedure|
|U.S.C. sections created|
The Act was the product of two sets of hearings in the Senate, the Select Committee on Improper Activities in Labor and Management hearings of 1957-1959 and the McClellan hearings of 1962-1964.
The Act prohibits the creation or management of a gambling organization involving five or more people if it has been in business more than 30 days or accumulates $2,000 in gross revenue in a single day. It also gave grand juries new powers, permitted detention of unmanageable witnesses, and gave the U.S. Attorney General authorization to protect witnesses, both state and federal, and their families. This last measure helped lead to the creation of WITSEC, an acronym for witness security.
Part of the Act created the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act.
- Williams, Nancy A. and Whayne, Jeannie M. Arkansas Biography: A Collection of Notable Lives. Little Rock, Ark.: University of Arkansas Press, 2000. ISBN 1-55728-587-X
- Kelly, Robert J.; Chin, Ko-lin; and Schatzberg, Rufus. Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1994. ISBN 0-313-28366-4
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