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The Order of the Sun of Peru (Spanish: Orden El Sol del Perú), formerly known as the Order of the Sun, is the highest award bestowed by the nation of Peru to commend notable civil and military merit. The award is the oldest civilian award in the Americas, first being established in 1821.

Order of the Sun of Peru
Orden del Sol.jpg
Awarded by the Republic of Peru
TypeOrder of merit
Awarded forCivil and military merit
StatusCurrently awarded
DescriptionPurple ribbon
Established8 October 1821, discontinued 1825,
re-established 1921
Order of the Sun Ribbon.jpg
Ribbon of the Order


The Order was originally instituted on 8 October 1821 by General José de San Martín upon reaching Lima, to recognize those who had distinguished themselves in the campaign against the Spanish Royalists. It was discontinued four years later, after many grantees started to use the award as a nobility title, similar to the earlier Castile titles awarded by the colonial government. All such nobility titles were abolished by 1828.

The Order was re-established in 1921.


The award consists of the following classes:

  • Grand Cross with diamonds
  • Grand Cross
  • Grand Officer
  • Commander
  • Officer
  • Knight
Ribbon bars
Grand Cross with diamonds Grand Cross Grand Officer
Commander Officer Knight

Notable recipientsEdit

Certificate confirming that the Order of the Sun of Peru was conferred on Ernesto Burzagli in the name of the President of the Peruvian Republic in 1924.


Other peopleEdit

U.S. First Lady Pat Nixon is awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun for her efforts to deliver relief supplies after an earthquake in 1970. At left is Peruvian First Lady Consuelo Velasco; at right is the Peruvian Ambassador to the United States.