Order of the Nile
The Order of the Nile (Kiladat El Nil) was established in 1915 and served as one of the Kingdom of Egypt's principal orders until the monarchy was abolished in 1953. It was then reconstituted as the Republic of Egypt's highest state honor.
|Order of the Nile|
Kiladat El Nil
Badge of the 4th class of the Order, Officer.
|Awarded by Kingdom of Egypt|
|Awarded for||Rendering useful service to Egypt|
|Last awarded||1953 on the abolition of the monarchy|
|Next (higher)||Order of Ismail|
Ribbon bar for Grand Cordon
Ribbon bar for Grand Officer
Ribbon bar for Commander
Ribbon bar for Officer
Ribbon bar for Knight
|Order of the Nile|
Kiladat El Nil
Badge of the Collar of the Nile
|Awarded by Republic of Egypt|
|Awarded for||Exceptional valuable public service to Egypt|
|Established||18 June 1953, as a reconstituted Order by the new Republic|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Republic (Egypt)|
Ribbon bar for Grand Cordon
Sultanate and Kingdom of EgyptEdit
The Order was established in 1915 by Sultan Hussein Kamel of Egypt for award to persons who had rendered useful service to the country. It ranked beneath the Order of Ismail and was frequently awarded to British officers and officials serving in Egypt, as well as distinguished Egyptian citizens.
The order comprised five classes:
- Grand Cordon: Badge worn from a sash over the right shoulder, with a star on the left chest.
- Grand Officer: Badge worn around the neck, with a smaller star on the left chest.
- Commander: Badge worn around the neck.
- Officer: Badge worn on the left chest from a ribbon bearing a rosette.
- Knight: Badge worn on the left chest from a plain ribbon.
Republic of EgyptEdit
After Egypt became a republic in 1953 the Order of the Nile was reconstituted to serve as Egypt's highest state honor. It now consists of:
- The Collar of the Nile, worn by the President of the Republic and may be granted to other Heads of State.
- The Order of the Nile, awarded for exceptional services to the nation. It has a single Grand Cordon class, with the badge of the order worn from a sash and the star of the order worn on the left chest. Although the five class structure of the original 1915 order was mentioned when the order was restructured in 1953, the four more junior grades are no longer awarded.
Some appointees to the orderEdit
The Sultanate and Kingdom of Egypt (1915–1953)Edit
- Brigadier Peter Acland (4th class), 1936
- Judge Sir Maurice Amos (Grand Cordon)
- Maharaja Jagatjit Singh Bahadur of Kapurthala (Grand Cordon), 1924
- Rear Admiral Richard Bevan (4th Class), 1919
- Field Marshall Lord Birdwood
- Lieutenant General Louis Bols
- Howard Carter, British archaeologist and Egyptologist (3rd Class), 1926
- Major Aubrey Faulkner
- Major General Harold Franklyn, Commandant Sudan Defence Force, 1939
- Major Harry Gardner (4th Class), 1922
- Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Kearsey (3rd Class)
- Harold Knox-Shaw, British astronomer
- Lancelot Lowther, 6th Earl of Lonsdale, 1920
- Naguib Pasha Mahfouz, obstetrician and gynecologist, 1919
- Lieutenant Colonel Cecil L'Estrange Malone
- Dr Hubert William Milligan, Royal Army Medical Corps (4th Class), March 1917
- Earl Mountbatten of Burma, (fourth class), 1922
- Charles Paget, 6th Marquess of Anglesey, 1915
- John Percival, Egyptian Civil Service
- General Sir William Peyton (2nd Class), 1916
- General Hussein Refki Pasha (Grand Cordon)
- Rear Admiral Eric Gascoigne Robinson
- Captain George Francis Scott Elliot
- Lieutenant Colonel Sir Norman Seddon-Brown, 1927
- Dr. Hassan Omar Shaheen - Professor of ENT Kasr El-Aini Hospital, Cairo. Circa 1920
- Major-General Sir Charlton Watson Spinks, last Sirdar of Egypt (Grand Cordon), 1931
- Dr. Oskar Stross, Austrian Consul General
- Mervyn Whitfield, Political Branch, Public Security, Alexandria, 1917
- General Sir Reginald Wingate, 1915
- Judge Youssef Zulficar Pasha (Grand Cordon)
The Republic Egypt (From 1953)Edit
- President Jimmy Carter, President of the United States (1979)
- Emperor Akihito of Japan
- Emperor Amha Selassie of Ethiopia
- His Holiness Dr Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, Islamic leader (Grand Cordon)
- Mohamed ElBaradei, former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
- Queen Elizabeth II, November 1975
- Hassaballah El Kafrawy, Egyptian former Minister of Development, Reconstruction, Housing, New Communities, Public Utilities and Land Reclamation
- King Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia, 1989
- Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut
- Pierre Gemayel, founder of the Lebanese Phalange
- Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia
- King Idris of Libya (Grand Cordon)
- Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, Turkish academic, diplomat and former Secretary-General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
- Émile Lahoud, President of Lebanon, 2000
- Makarios III, former President of Cyprus
- Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa
- Adly Mansour, acting President of Egypt from the 2013 revolution until the swearing in of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
- King Mohammed VI of Morocco
- Muhammad Naguib, First President of Egypt
- Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan
- Antonín Novotný, President of Czechoslovakia
- Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said of Oman, 1976
- Ziaur Rahman, President of Bangladesh
- Heinrich Rau, East German politician (Grand Cordon), 1961
- King Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia, 1954
- King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia
- William E. Simon, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
- Suharto, President of Indonesia
- Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, former Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces of Egypt, August 2012
- Marshal Josip Broz Tito, President of Yugoslavia, (Grand Cordon with Collar), December 1955
- Walter Ulbricht, President of East Germany, 1965
- George Vasiliou, former President of Cyprus
- Sir Magdi Habib Yacoub, Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery
- Professor Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American scientist
- "University of Glasgow. First World War Roll of Honour, Decorations & Awards". Retrieved 4 March 2011.
- Dorling, H. Taprell (1956). Ribbons and Medals. A. H. Baldwin & Son, London. p. 190.
- "Republic of Egypt: Order of the Nile". Medals of the World. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Collar of the Nile". World Awards. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Order of the Nile". World Awards. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- Dorling, H. Taprell (1956). Ribbons and Medals. A. H. Baldwin & Son, London. p. 192.
- "London Gazette, 7 August 1936, page 5175". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- William Cross. Carnarvon, Carter and Tutankhamun Revisited: The Hidden Truths and Doomed Relationships. p. 129 Published by author. 2016. ISBN 9781905914364.
- "No. 34713". The London Gazette. 20 October 1939. p. 7038.
- "Baldwin's Auction 67 & 68" (PDF). Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- "London Gazette, 10 April 1931, page 2330". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Mohamed ElBaradei". Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- "Amin Gemayel to March 14: Keep Out of Syria". Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- US Department of State. "Special Envoy to the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)". Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Sisi offers Mansour Order of the Nile". Egypt Independent. Egypt Independent. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- Official site of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan: President Nursultan Nazarbayev in Egypt for the World Economic Forum on the Middle East. Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Al-Busaid Dynasty". Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- Media related to Orders of Egypt at Wikimedia Commons