Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol

The Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol, also called the Order of the Million Elephants and the White Umbrella (Lao: ອິສະຣິຍາພອນລ້ານຊ້າງຮົ່ມຂາວ Itsariyaphon Lan Sang Hom Khao), is the highest knighthood order of the Royal Family of Laos.

Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol
ອິສະຣິຍາພອນລ້ານຊ້າງຮົ່ມຂາວ
Orde van de Miljoen Olifanten en de Witte Parasol van Laos.jpg
Awarded by the King of Laos
StatusExtinct as the Kingdom, now Dynastic award
SovereignSisavang Vong
Savang Vatthana
GradesGrand Cross with Collar
Grand Cross
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Knight
Precedence
Next (higher)None; highest.
Next (lower)Order of the Crown
LAO Order of the a Million Elephants and the White Parasol - Knight BAR.svg
Ribbon of the Order

HistoryEdit

The Order was founded on 1 May 1909 by King Sisavang Vong.[1]

The name of the order reflected an old name of Laos, Lan Xang Hom Khao which means "million elephants and white umbrella".[2]

The Royal system of Orders and Medals effectively ended with the fall of Laos in 1975. The Royal Orders, by their nature, remain the dynastic property of the Royal House of Laos in absentia, and are still awarded by the Royal House as a dynastic award. The honour is still awarded in recognition of dedicated services to charity and humanitarianism. All grades of the Order are approved for wear as a foreign order (i.e. after all British and other Commonwealth decorations) by Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms, as it is on the "Schedule of Approved Countries and Awards".[3]

ClassesEdit

The Order consisted of the following classes, in ascending order :

  • Grand Cross with Collar
  • Grand Cross (ປະຖະມາພອນ Pathamaphon)
  • Grand Officer (ທຸຕິຍາພອນ Thutiyaphon)
  • Commander (ຕະຕິຍາພອນ Tatiyaphon)
  • Officer (ຈະຕູດຖາພອນ Jatutthaphon)
  • Knight (ປັນຈະມາພອນ Panchamaphon)
Ribbon bars
Grand Cross with Collar Grand Cross Grand Officer
Commander Officer Knight

InsigniaEdit

The ribbon on which the Order is worn is red, ornamented with a yellow geometrical design.

Notable recipientsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Illustrated London News, vol. 138 (1911), part 1, p. 138
  2. ^ Bijan Raj Chatterjee, Southeast Asia in Transition (1965), p. 18
  3. ^ "Accepting and wearing of foreign awards by Australians | Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia". www.gg.gov.au.

External linkEdit