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The Most Admirable Order of the Direkgunabhorn (Thai: เครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์อันเป็นที่สรรเสริญยิ่งดิเรกคุณาภรณ์; RTGSKhrueang Ratcha-itsariyaphon An Pen Thi Sansoen Ying Direkkhunaphon) was established by King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) on 22 July 1991 (B.E. 2534) to be bestowed upon those who have rendered devotional services to the Kingdom of Thailand. The title Direkgunabhorn (ดิเรกคุณาภรณ์) roughly translates as "Noble order of abundance and quality."

The Most Admirable Order of the Direkgunabhorn
เครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์อันเป็นที่สรรเสริญยิ่งดิเรกคุณาภรณ์
Chatuttha Direkkhunaphon.jpg
Companion (fourth class) of the Order of Direkgunabhorn
Awarded by
Garuda Emblem of Thailand (Broad wings).svg
the King of Thailand
EligibilityMilitary and Civilian Order
StatusCurrently constituted
SovereignKing Vajiralongkorn
Grades1st Class
2nd Class
3rd Class
4th Class
5th Class
Statistics
First induction3 December 1995
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the Crown of Thailand
Next (lower)Vallabhabhorn Order
Order of the Direkgunabhorn 1st class (Thailand) ribbon.svg
Ribbon bar of the Knight Grand Cross (First Class) of the Most Admirable Order of Direkgunabhorn.

ClassesEdit

The Order consists of seven classes. Originally, the ribbon for each class was the same, with no device to distinguish the different level. On 31 January 2538 B.E. (1995 CE) the regulations were amended to include a device on the ribbon distinguishing the class.

Ribbon Class Name Postnominals Order of precedence[1] Insignia
Knight Grand Cross
(First Class)
ปฐมดิเรกคุณาภรณ์
(RTGSPathom Tirekgunabhorn)
GCT 7 .
Knight Commander
(Second Class)
ทุติยดิเรกคุณาภรณ์
(RTGSDutiya Tirekgunabhorn)
KCT
Commander
(Third Class)
ตติยดิเรกคุณาภรณ์
(RTGSTatiya Tirekgunabhorn)
CT Insignia consists of a pendant, worn on a silk band on the collar.
Companion
(Fourth Class)
จตุตถดิเรกคุณาภรณ์
(RTGSChatuttha Tirekgunabhorn)
OT Insignia consists of a pendant, worn on a silk band on the left chest.
Member
(Fifth Class)
เบญจมดิเรกคุณาภรณ์
(RTGSBenchama Tirekgunabhorn)
MT Insignia consists of a silver medal with bar.
Gold Medalist
(Sixth Class)
เหรียญทองดิเรกคุณาภรณ์
(RTGSRian Thong Tirekgunabhorn)
G.M.T Insignia consists of a gold medal.
Silver Medalist
(Seventh Class)
เหรียญเงินดิเรกคุณาภรณ์
(RTGSRian Ngoen Tirekgunabhorn)
S.M.T Insignia consists of a silver medal.

First classEdit

  • Knight Grand Cross of the Most Admirable Order of Tirekgunabhorn
Insignia: A pendant, star and sash (the insignia for women is the same as for men, but of a smaller size)
Pendant: The pendant consists of a circular disc enamelled red, superimposed by a representation of a Garuda in gold. The central piece is surrounded by a silver band with eight silver rays and eight gold rays. The whole piece is topped with a gold crown and a starburst. The reverse is of gold disc, with the Royal Cyphers of King Rama IX enamelled in white.
Sash: The pendant is suspended from a green sash 10 cm wide, with red, white and yellow trims, to wear over the right shoulder to the left hip.
Star: The star is similar to the pendant, with a gilded crown and insignia on the uppermost arm of the star. A gold band with eight silver rays and eight gold rays surrounds the central disc. The back of the star is similar to that of the pendant. The star is worn on the left chest.

Second classEdit

  • Knight Commander of the Most Admirable Order of Tirekgunabhornn
Insignia: A pendant, star and silk band (the insignia for women is the same as for men, but of a smaller size)
Pendant: The pendant consists of a circular disc enamelled red, superimposed by a representation of a Garuda in gold. The central disc is surrounded by a silver band with eight silver rays and eight gold rays. The reverse is a gold disc, with the Royal Cyphers of King Rama IX enamelled in white. The whole piece is topped with a gold crown and a starburst.
Silk band: The pendant is attached onto a green silk band 4 cm wide, with red, white and yellow trims, to wear as collar. For women, it is worn on the left chest.
Star: The star is similar to the pendant, with a gilded crown and insignia on the uppermost arm of the star. The gold band with eight silver rays and eight gold rays surrounds the central disc.

Third classEdit

  • Commander of the Most Admirable Order of Tirekgunabhorn
Insignia: A pendant only (the insignia for women is the same as for men, but of a smaller size)
Pendant: The pendant is similar to that for the Knight Commander, attached onto a silk band 4 cm wide, worn as a collar. For women, the pendant is worn on the front left shoulder.

Fourth classEdit

  • Companion of the Most Admirable Order of Tirekgunabhorn
Insignia: A pendant only.
Pendant: The pendant is similar to that for the Commander, but is a smaller size with an additional silk rosette. It is attached onto a small silk band, and worn on the left chest. For women the pendant is attached to a silk ribbon with an additional rosette, and worn on the front left shoulder.

Fifth classEdit

  • Member of the Most Admirable Order of Tirekgunabhorn
Insignia: A pendant only.
Pendant: The pendant is similar to that for the Companion, without the silk rosette.

Sixth classEdit

  • The Gold Medal of the Tirekgunabhorn
Insignia: A gold medal, with a Garuda in the centre, surrounded with eight lotus leaves and topped with a gold crown, starburst and insignia. The reverse is engraved with the Royal Cyphers of King Rama IX.

Seventh classEdit

  • The Silver Medal of the Tirekgunabhorn
Insignia: A silver medal, of the same design as the gold medal.

EligibilityEdit

Membership of the order can be gained via either "Devotional Service to the Kingdom", or by donation.

ServiceEdit

Devotional service to the kingdom is deemed to be met via the following criteria:

  • Five years of devotional service to the kingdom, from the last conferment.
  • Outstanding service to the state, religion, and the people.
  • Act of bravery for the state, religion, and the people.

The first decoration to be conferred is the silver medal or Companion, in case of extraordinary service.

A deemed person may request the Silver Medal of the Direkgunabhorn be issued. Decorations of higher class can be attained through further years of excellent service, until the Knight Grand Cross class is reached. Deemed person's include:

  • Person of Other Nationalities
can attain Member and Companion
  • Sportsmen (Olympics, World Games, Asian Games, Asian Championship)
can attain Silver Medal to Companion
  • Private School Personnel
can attain Member and Companion
  • Private University Personnel
can attain Silver Medal to Knight Commander
  • Researchers, Scientists, National Artists
can attain Companion

DonationEdit

Donations for public use of cash, property or goods can also earn membership of the order. The class obtained is relative to the amount donated, as per the following table:

Donated amount Class of Order
100,000 baht Silver Medal
200,000 baht Gold Medal
500,000 baht Member
1,500,000 baht Companion
6,000,000 baht Commander
14,000,000 baht Knight Commander
30,000,000 baht Knight Grand Cross

Selected recipientsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง ลำดับเกียรติเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ไทย, เล่ม ๑๑๐, ตอน ๒๙ง ฉบับพิเศษ, ๑๒ มีนาคม พ.ศ. ๒๕๓๖, หน้า ๑
  2. ^ "Cave boys claim life remains the same. His Majesty to confer about 200 decorations" (in Thai). Retrieved 24 October 2018.

External linksEdit