Open main menu

Order of battle for the 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria

This is the order of battle for the 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria, codenamed "Operation Peace Spring" by Turkey. The pro-Turkish forces, including the Syrian National Army, are opposed by the armed forces of the NES, including the Syrian Democratic Forces.

Turkey and allied forcesEdit

SDF and allied forcesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Suriye sınırına askeri sevkiyat". Timeturk.com.
  3. ^ "SBarış Pınarı Harekatı". Timeturk.com.
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Desk, News (October 8, 2019). "Turkish-backed militants amass near Syrian border town for new offensive".
  6. ^ a b c d "Which Syrian Groups Are Involved in Turkey's Syria Offensive?". Voice of America.
  7. ^ a b c d Tastekin, Fehim (13 October 2019). "Who are the Turkish-backed forces in latest Syria incursion?". al-Monitor. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  8. ^ Haber, Internet (October 9, 2019). "Fırat'ın doğusuna operasyonda YPG'ye Kürt Şahinleri Tugayı darbesi". https://www.internethaber.com/firatin-dogusuna-operasyonda-ypgye-kurt-sahinleri-tugayi-darbesi-foto-galerisi-2055463.htm. External link in |website= (help)
  9. ^ Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Turkish Operations East of the Euphrates: A Rebel Perspective". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi.
  10. ^ "فيلق المجد on Twitter: "#الجيش_الوطني #فيلق_المجد انطلاق مقاتلي فيلق المجد للمشاركة بمعركة #نبع_السلام… "". web.archive.org. October 13, 2019.
  11. ^ "Opinion: We are under attack in Syria, and only the UN can stop our precious democratic project being ground into the dust". The Independent. October 11, 2019.
  12. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=83PSE8PaozI
  13. ^ a b Szuba, Jared (10 October 2019). "'The border is on fire': Turkey's ground forces battle Syria's Kurds near Tal Abyad". The Defense Post. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  14. ^ "The Armenian Battalion taking part in defense of Serêkaniyê". ANF News. 12 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  15. ^ "The tal abyad defenders coalition". pbs.twimg.com.
  16. ^ "Syrian Rebellion Obs on Twitter: "ADD.: forces involved in the defense of the town is the mainly arab composed local council, formed on remnants of the Kataeb al-Farouk (that reforged themselves in new forces inside #SDF) as Liwa Ahrar #Raqqa (also part of #SDF), former Liwa al-Jihad (#FSA too)."". web.archive.org. 10 October 2019.
  17. ^ "من هي "قوات سوريا الديمقراطية".. ومِما تتألف؟". Lebanon24.
  18. ^ Bali, Mustafa (October 10, 2019). "Al-Hawl military council declared that they will deploy their forces on the border to fight against Turkish invasion.pic.twitter.com/icMHnQse1l".
  19. ^ Manbij Military Council (14 October 2019). "قوات مجلس منبج العسكري تحبط هجوماً لمرتزقة درع الفرات". المجلس العسكري لمدينة منبج وريفها (in Arabic). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  20. ^ ""Jarabulus Military Council" targets a vehicle south of Jarabulus by a guided missile leaving 2 persons dead in conjunction with an assassination targeted members of Turkey-loyal factions south of Azaz". SOHR. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Heavy fighting in Aleppo as opposition eyes 'new strategy' • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". March 6, 2015.
  22. ^ "SDF: 118 invading forces members killed". ANF News. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  23. ^ "Syrian Army to enter strategic city in Raqqa for first time since 2014". October 14, 2019.
  24. ^ Perper, Rosie (October 14, 2019). "https://www.businessinsider.de/kurdish-forces-deal-with-assad-army-northern-syria-turkey-attack-2019-10?r=US&IR=T". External link in |title= (help)
  25. ^ "Why is Turkey invading northeast Syria?". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  26. ^ [3]