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Order of battle for the 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria

This is the order of battle for the 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria, codenamed "Operation Peace Spring" by Turkey. The pro-Turkish forces, including the Syrian National Army, are opposed by the armed forces of the NES, including the Syrian Democratic Forces.

Turkey and allied forcesEdit

SDF and allied forcesEdit


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Suriye sınırına askeri sevkiyat".
  3. ^ "SBarış Pınarı Harekatı".
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Desk, News (October 8, 2019). "Turkish-backed militants amass near Syrian border town for new offensive".
  6. ^ a b c d "Which Syrian Groups Are Involved in Turkey's Syria Offensive?". Voice of America.
  7. ^ a b c d Tastekin, Fehim (13 October 2019). "Who are the Turkish-backed forces in latest Syria incursion?". al-Monitor. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  8. ^ Haber, Internet (October 9, 2019). "Fırat'ın doğusuna operasyonda YPG'ye Kürt Şahinleri Tugayı darbesi". External link in |website= (help)
  9. ^ Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Turkish Operations East of the Euphrates: A Rebel Perspective". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi.
  10. ^ "فيلق المجد on Twitter: "#الجيش_الوطني #فيلق_المجد انطلاق مقاتلي فيلق المجد للمشاركة بمعركة #نبع_السلام… "". October 13, 2019.
  11. ^ "Opinion: We are under attack in Syria, and only the UN can stop our precious democratic project being ground into the dust". The Independent. October 11, 2019.
  12. ^
  13. ^ a b Szuba, Jared (10 October 2019). "'The border is on fire': Turkey's ground forces battle Syria's Kurds near Tal Abyad". The Defense Post. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  14. ^ "The Armenian Battalion taking part in defense of Serêkaniyê". ANF News. 12 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  15. ^ "The tal abyad defenders coalition".
  16. ^ "Syrian Rebellion Obs on Twitter: "ADD.: forces involved in the defense of the town is the mainly arab composed local council, formed on remnants of the Kataeb al-Farouk (that reforged themselves in new forces inside #SDF) as Liwa Ahrar #Raqqa (also part of #SDF), former Liwa al-Jihad (#FSA too)."". 10 October 2019.
  17. ^ "من هي "قوات سوريا الديمقراطية".. ومِما تتألف؟". Lebanon24.
  18. ^ Bali, Mustafa (October 10, 2019). "Al-Hawl military council declared that they will deploy their forces on the border to fight against Turkish".
  19. ^ Manbij Military Council (14 October 2019). "قوات مجلس منبج العسكري تحبط هجوماً لمرتزقة درع الفرات". المجلس العسكري لمدينة منبج وريفها (in Arabic). Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  20. ^ ""Jarabulus Military Council" targets a vehicle south of Jarabulus by a guided missile leaving 2 persons dead in conjunction with an assassination targeted members of Turkey-loyal factions south of Azaz". SOHR. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Heavy fighting in Aleppo as opposition eyes 'new strategy' • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". March 6, 2015.
  22. ^ "SDF: 118 invading forces members killed". ANF News. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  23. ^ "Syrian Army to enter strategic city in Raqqa for first time since 2014". October 14, 2019.
  24. ^ Perper, Rosie (October 14, 2019). "". External link in |title= (help)
  25. ^ "Why is Turkey invading northeast Syria?". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  26. ^ [3]