Order of Saint Agatha

The Order of Saint Agatha (Italian: Ordine Equestre di Sant'Agata) is a State order established on 5 June 1923 by the Grand and General Council of the Republic of San Marino. It is named after Saint Agatha, on whose feast day 5 February, Pope Clement XII reestablished the sovereignty of the republic in 1740.[2]

Order of Saint Agatha
Agatha-Orden Stern.jpg
Star of the order
TypeState order
Country San Marino
Awarded forCharitable work in the service of the Republic.
GrandmasterCaptains Regent
SecretarySecretary for Foreign Affairs
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of San Marino
Agatha-Orden Kreuz.jpg
Badge of the order

The order is presented to foreign nationals who have positively contributed charitable and other services for the benefit of the republic deserving of recognition.

The award is conferred by the Grand and General Council on the proposal of the Most Excellent Regency of the Republic of San Marino. It has 5 ranks: Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer and Knight.[3]

The badge of the order is a golden cross enamelled in white. It is charged on one side with a round golden shield bearing the effigy of Saint Agatha and includes the inscription Sant'Agata Prottetrice (Saint Agatha Protector). On the other side is written the epigraph Bene Merenti (to a well-deserving person). The cross is hung on a ribbon with five stripes of white, crimson and yellow.[4]

The Order of San Marino is the next higher in order of precedence.

GradesEdit

The order is presented in five grades:[2]

  • Grand Cross Cavaliere di gran croce
  • Grand Officer Grande ufficiale
  • Commander Commendatore
  • Officer Cavaliere ufficiale
  • Knight Cavaliere
Ribbon bars of the Order of Saint Agatha
Knight Officer Commander Grand Officer Grand Cross

RecipientsEdit

Prominent people who have been awarded the Order of Saint Agatha[5]

Year of award Recipient
  ItalyPietro Gasparri[6]
  ItalyDino Grandi[7]
  ItalyGiulio Onesti[8]
  BelgiumRobert Rothschild[9]
1925   United StatesEdgar Erskine Hume[10]
1932 Pope Paul VI
1934   United KingdomEdward VII[11]
1934   United KingdomEdward VIII[12]
1935 Jagatjit Singh[13]
1937   United KingdomEdmund Vivian Gabriel[14]
1944   United StatesCharles Poletti[15]
1946   United StatesJuvenal P. Marchisio
1948   ItalyGiulio Andreotti
1937   FranceValery Larbaud
1956   United StatesAvery Brundage[16]
1956   United KingdomSir John Wilson, 2nd Baronet
1958   ItalyGiovanni Spadolini
1958   FranceVincent Delpuech
1958   BelgiumRoger Motz
1958   BelgiumLucien Cooremans[17]
2002   ItalyDario Fo[18]
2010   MonacoAlbert II, Prince of Monaco[19]
2012   ItalySophia Loren[20]
2013   South KoreaBan Ki-moon[21]
2020   United KingdomTheresa May[22]
2020   United KingdomJeremy Hunt[22]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Robertson, Megan C. "San Marino: Order of St Agatha". Medals of the World. Retrieved 3 December 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b Hieronymussen, Paul (1967). Orders and Decorations of Europe in Color. New York: Macmillan. p. 233.
  3. ^ "The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha". Consulate of the Republic of San Marino to the UK. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Ordine Sant'Agata". Ordini Vaticani. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  5. ^ "The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha". Consulate of the Republic of San Marino to the UK. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  6. ^ "The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha". Consulate of the Republic of San Marino to the UK. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  7. ^ "The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha". Consulate of the Republic of San Marino to the UK. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  8. ^ "The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha". Consulate of the Republic of San Marino to the UK. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  9. ^ "The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha". Consulate of the Republic of San Marino to the UK. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  10. ^ Brockman, William Everett. "Early American history : Hume and allied families". Internet Archive. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  11. ^ "The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha". Consulate of the Republic of San Marino to the UK. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Edward VIII 1894-1972 (Duke of Windsor)". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  13. ^ "Jagatjit Singh". Panjpedia. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  14. ^ "Orders, Decorations, Medals and Militaria". DNW. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  15. ^ "Charles W. Poletti papers, 1920-1991 bulk 1923-1970". Columbia University Libraries. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  16. ^ "Avery Brundage Collection" (PDF). University Library, University of Illinois. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  17. ^ "The Equestrian Order of Saint Agatha". Consulate of the Republic of San Marino to the UK. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  18. ^ "13 ottobre 2016: un anno senza Dario Fo". RTV San Marino (in Italian). Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  19. ^ "Visit by Prince Albert II to San Marino". Palais Princier de Monaco. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  20. ^ "Sophia Loren Cavaliere Grand'Ufficiale dell'Ordine Equestre di Sant'Agata. Coi Reggenti". Libertas (in Italian). Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  21. ^ "Top UN official visits San Marino at start of five-nation European tour". UN News. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  22. ^ a b "San Marino awards the Order of Saint Agatha to two UK prominent persons". Consulate of the Republic of San Marino to the UK. Retrieved 31 December 2020.

External linksEdit