Order of Courage
The Order of Courage (Russian: Орден Мужества, Orden Muzhestva) is a state decoration of the Russian Federation first established on March 2, 1994 by Presidential Decree 442 to recognise selfless acts of courage and valour. Its statute was amended three times, first on January 6, 1999 by Presidential Decree 19, again on September 7, 2010 by Presidential Decree 1099, and finally on December 16, 2011 by Presidential Decree 1631. The Order of Courage nominally replaced the Soviet Order "For Personal Courage" in the post-USSR Russian awards system.
|Order of Courage|
|Type||Single grade order|
|Awarded for||Selfless courage and valour|
|Presented by||Russian Federation|
|Eligibility||Russian citizens and foreign nationals|
|Established||March 2, 1994|
|First awarded||January 6, 1995|
|Next (higher)||Order of Nakhimov|
|Next (lower)||Order For Military Merit|
The Order of Courage is awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation who showed dedication, courage and bravery in protecting public order, fighting crime, in rescuing people during natural disasters, fires, accidents and other emergencies, as well as for bold and decisive actions committed during the performance of military or civil duties under conditions involving a risk to life.
The Order of Courage may be awarded posthumously and may be awarded multiple times to the same recipient.
It may also be awarded to foreign nationals who showed dedication, courage and bravery in the rescue of Russian citizens during natural disasters, fires, accidents and other emergencies outside of the Russian Federation.
The Order of Courage is a vaulted 40 mm wide silver cross pattée with rounded ends. The outer rim of both the obverse and reverse are embossed. At the center of the obverse is the state emblem of the Russian Federation. On the obverse, embossed rays extend outwards from the center to the outer rim in each of the cross's four arms. In the center of the reverse, the relief inscription in stylized Russian Cyrillic «МУЖЕСТВО» ("COURAGE"). On the reverse of the lower cross arm, an "N" in relief and a horizontal line reserved for the award serial number, under the line, a maker's mark.
The badge of the Order of Courage hangs from a standard Russian pentagonal mount with a ring through its suspension loop. The mount is covered by an overlapping 24 mm wide red silk moiré ribbon with 2 mm white edge stripes.
Recipients (partial list)Edit
The individuals listed below were recipients of the Order of Courage:
- Alexander Pozynych
- Konstantin Murakhtin
- Lieutenant Colonel Anatoly Vyacheslavovich Lebed (three times)
- Tatyana Sapunova
- Militia Lieutenant Colonel Vyacheslav Nikolaevich Mironov
- Lieutenant General and politician Alu Dadashevich Alkhanov
- Colonel Marina Lavrentievna Popovich
- President of Chechnya Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov
- Former Interior, Justice and Prime Minister of Russia Sergei Vadimovich Stepashin
- Colonel and President of the Republic of Ingushetia Yunus-bek Bamatgireyevich Yevkurov
- Captain Sergey Vladimirovich Perets
- Fleet Admiral Vladimir Nikolayevich Chernavin
- Lieutenant General Vladimir Anatolyevich Shamanov
- Former Justice Minister Vladimir Vasilyevich Ustinov (twice)
- Lieutenant General, former President of the Republic of Ingushetia Murat Magometovich Zyazikov
- Iosif Davydovich Kobzon
- Private Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Rodionov (posthumous)
- Professor Maksud Sadikov (posthumous)
- Colonel General, former Interior Minister of Russia Vladimir Borisovich Rushailo
- Army General Anatoly Vasiliyevich Kvashnin
- Army General Nikolai Platonovich Patrushev
- Admiral of the Fleet Ivan Matveyevich Kapitanets
- Scientist, physicist, Evgeny Pavlovich Velikhov
- Major General Viktor Nikolaevich Bondarev
- Explorer Anatoly Mikhailovich Sagalevich
- Major General Oleg Aleksandrovich Kozlov
- Army General Valentin Vladimirovich Korabelnikov
- Colonel General Nikolay Nikolayevich Bordyuzha
- Colonel General Arkady Viktotovich Bakhin
- Militia Captain Viktor Mikhailovich Adamishin (posthumous)
- Francisco António De Carvalho Ventura (estrangeiro)
- Alexander Ivanovich Bedritsky
- French Brigadier General and astronaut Léopold Eyharts
- Oleg Kukhta
- Grigoriy Mihaylovich Naginskiy
- NASA astronaut Nick Hague
- Vitaly Churkin (posthumous)
- Alexander Pechersky (posthumous)
- "Decree 442 of the President of the Russian Federation of March 2, 1994" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Archived from the original on June 16, 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Decree 19 of the President of the Russian Federation of January 16, 1999" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Archived from the original on June 16, 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Decree 1099 of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Decree 1631 of the President of the Russian Federation of December 16, 2011" (in Russian). Site of the President of the Russian Federation. 2011-12-16. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Recipients of the Order of Courage from the site of the President of the Russian Federation" (in Russian). Presidential Press and Information Office of the Russian Federation. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Виталий Чуркин награждён орденом Мужества". Президент России. Retrieved 18 December 2018.