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This tiling represents a hyperbolic kaleidoscope of 4 mirrors meeting as edges of a square, with eight squares around every vertex. This symmetry by orbifold notation is called (*4444) with 4 order-4 mirror intersections. In Coxeter notation can be represented as [1+,8,8,1+], (*4444 orbifold) removing two of three mirrors (passing through the square center) in the [8,8] symmetry. The *4444 symmetry can be doubled by bisecting the fundamental domain (square) by a mirror, creating *884 symmetry.

This bicolored square tiling shows the even/odd reflective fundamental square domains of this symmetry. This bicolored tiling has a wythoff construction (4,4,4), or {4[3]},     :


Related polyhedra and tilingEdit

This tiling is topologically related as a part of sequence of regular polyhedra and tilings with vertex figure (4n).

See alsoEdit


  • John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 19, The Hyperbolic Archimedean Tessellations)
  • "Chapter 10: Regular honeycombs in hyperbolic space". The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays. Dover Publications. 1999. ISBN 0-486-40919-8. LCCN 99035678.

External linksEdit