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Orcinol is an organic compound with the formula CH3C6H3(OH)2. It occurs in many species of lichens[2] including Roccella tinctoria and Lecanora. Orcinol has been detected in the "toxic glue" of the ant species Camponotus saundersi. It is a colorless solid. It is related to resorcinol, 1,3-C6H4(OH)2.

Orcinol[1]
Orcinol.svg
Names
IUPAC name
5-Methylbenzene-1,3-diol
Other names
  • 5-Methylresorcinol
  • 3,5-Toluenediol
  • Orcin
  • 5-Methyl-1,3-benzenediol
  • 3,5-Dihydroxytoluene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.007.259
UNII
Properties
C7H8O2
Molar mass 124.14 g·mol−1
Appearance Crystalline solid
Melting point 110.0 to 110.5 °C (230.0 to 230.9 °F; 383.1 to 383.6 K) (–107 °C anhydr.)
Boiling point 290 °C (554 °F; 563 K) (289.5 °C)
Miscible
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Synthesis and reactionsEdit

Orcinol was first prepared by dehydroacetic acid, a conversion that involved ring-opening of the pyrone to a triketone. This early experiment helped establish the rich condensation chemistry of polyketides.[3] It can be obtained by fusing extract of aloes with potash, followed by acidification.

It undergoes O-methylation with dimethylsulfate.[4]

It is used in the production of the dye orcein and as a reagent in some chemical tests for pentoses, such as Bial's Test. It may be synthesized from toluene; more interesting is its production when acetone dicarboxylic ester is condensed with the aid of sodium. It crystallizes in colorless prisms with one molecule of water, which redden on exposure to air. Ferric chloride gives a bluish-violet coloration with the aqueous solution. Unlike resorcinol it does not give a fluorescein with phthalic anhydride. Oxidation of the ammoniacal solution gives orcein, C28H24N2O7, the chief constituent of the natural dye archil. 4-Methylcatechol is an isomer, found as its methyl ether (creosol) in beech-wood tar.

 
Orcinol

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 6819.
  2. ^ Robiquet: „Essai analytique des lichens de l’orseille“, Annales de chimie et de physique, 1829, 42, p. 236–257.
  3. ^ Staunton, James; Weissman, Kira J. (2001). "Polyketide Biosynthesis: A Millennium Review". Natural Product Reports. 18: 380–416. doi:10.1039/a909079g.
  4. ^ R. N. Mirrington, G. I. Feutrill (1973). "Orcinol Monomethyl Ether". Org. Synth. 53: 90. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.053.0090.