A number of tools exist for automation of server configuration and management, including Ansible, Puppet, Salt and Terraform.. For Container Orchestration there is different solutions such as Kubernetes software or managed services such us AWS EKS, AWS ECS or Fargate.
Orchestration is often discussed in the context of service-oriented architecture, virtualization, provisioning, converged infrastructure and dynamic datacenter topics. Orchestration in this sense is about aligning the business request with the applications, data, and infrastructure.
The main difference between a workflow "automation" and an "orchestration" (in the context of cloud computing) is that workflows are processed and completed as processes within a single domain for automation purposes, whereas orchestration includes a workflow and provides a directed action towards larger goals and objectives.
In this context, and with the overall aim to achieve specific goals and objectives (described through quality of service parameters), for example, meet application performance goals using minimized cost and maximize application performance within budget constraints,
- Thomas Erl. Service-Oriented Architecture: Concepts, Technology & Design. Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-185858-0.
- Yevgeniy Brikman (2016-09-26). "Why we use Terraform and not Chef, Puppet, Ansible, SaltStack, or CloudFormation".
- A Business Resolution Engine for Cloud Marketplaces, IEEE Third International Conference on Cloud Computing Technology and Science (CloudCom), IEEE, 2011, pp. 462–469, doi:10.1109/CloudCom.2011.68
- Mao, Ming; M. Humphrey (2011). "Auto-scaling to minimize cost and meet application deadlines in cloud workflows". Proceedings of 2011 International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (SC2011). doi:10.1145/2063384.2063449. ISBN 978-1-4503-0771-0.
- Mao, Ming; M. Humphrey (2013). "Scaling and Scheduling to Maximize Application Performance within Budget Constraints in Cloud Workflows". Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE 27th International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing(IPDPS2013): 67–78. doi:10.1109/IPDPS.2013.61. ISBN 978-0-7695-4971-2.