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Orcadians are the indigenous inhabitants of the Orkney islands of Scotland.[2] Historically, they are descended from the Picts,[3][Notes 1] Norse[5] and Scots.

2007 Flag of Orkney.svg
Total population
21,349 currently resident population of Orkney
Regions with significant populations
Mainland, Orkney17,162[1]
South Ronaldsay909[1]
Insular Scots, Scottish English; historically Norn and Pictish
Related ethnic groups
Shetlanders, Scots, Britons, Ulster Scots, Falkland Islanders, Norwegians, Faroese, Icelanders and Anglo-Metis

Well-known OrcadiansEdit

People associated with OrkneyEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ritchie notes the presence of an Orcadian ruler at the court of a Pictish high king at Inverness in 565 AD.[4]
  1. ^ a b c National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  2. ^ "The Orcadians – The people of Orkney" Orkneyjar. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
  3. ^ Thomson (2008) pp. 4–6.
  4. ^ Ritchie, Anna "The Picts" in Omand (2003) p. 39
  5. ^ Genetic study reveals 30% of white British DNA has German ancestry. The Guardian.
  6. ^ "Centenary of a radical kirk minister" Archived 8 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine The Orcadian. Retrieved 4 October 2008.
General references
  • Omand, Donald (ed.) (2003) The Orkney Book. Edinburgh. Birlinn. ISBN 1-84158-254-9
  • Thomson, William P. L. (2008) The New History of Orkney. Edinburgh. Birlinn. ISBN 978-1-84158-696-0