Orange-backed woodpecker

The orange-backed woodpecker (Reinwardtipicus validus) is a bird in the woodpecker family Picidae, found in southern Thailand, Malaya, Sarawak and Sabah in Malaysia, Brunei, Sumatra, and Java. It is monotypic in the genus Reinwardtipicus.

Orange-backed woodpecker
Campephilus validus - - Print - Iconographia Zoologica - Special Collections University of Amsterdam - UBA01 IZ18700137 2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Genus: Reinwardtipicus
Bonaparte, 1854
Species:
R. validus
Binomial name
Reinwardtipicus validus
(Temminck, 1825)
Synonyms

Chrysocolaptes validus

TaxonomyEdit

The orange-backed woodpecker was described and illustrated in 1825 by Dutch zoologist Coenraad Jacob Temminck in his Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d'oiseaux from specimens that had been collected on the Indonesian island of Java. He coined the binomial name Pic validus.[2] The woodpecker is now the sole species placed in the genus Reinwardtipicus that was erected in 1854 by French naturalist Charles Lucien Bonaparte to accommodate the orange-backed woodpecker.[3][4] The genus name Reinwardtipicus was chosen to honour the Dutch naturalist Caspar Reinwardt. His name is combined with picus, the Latin word for a woodpecker. The specific epithet validus is a Latin word meaning "strong" or "powerful".[5] The orange-backed woodpecker belongs to the tribe Campephilini in the subfamily Picinae. Molecular genetic studies have show that the species is closely related to the woodpeckers in the genus Chrysocolaptes.[6]

Two subspecies are recognised:[4]

  • R. v. xanthopygius (Finsch, 1905) – the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo
  • R. v. validus (Temminck, 1825) – Java

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Chrysocolaptes validus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Temminck, Coenraad Jacob (1838) [1825]. Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d'oiseaux, pour servir de suite et de complément aux planches enluminées de Buffon (in French). Vol. 4. Paris: F.G. Levrault. Plates 378 (male), 402 (female). The pages are not numbered. The five volumes were originally issued in 102 parts, 1820-1839
  3. ^ Bonaparte, Charles Lucien (1854). "Quadro dei volucri zigodattili ossia passeri a piedi scansori". In de Luca, Serafino; Müller, D. (eds.). L'Ateneo Italiano; raccolta di documenti e memorie relative al progresso delle scienze fisiche (in Italian). Vol. 2. Parigi [Paris]: Victor Masson. pp. 116–129 [122].
  4. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Woodpeckers". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  5. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 306, 332, 398. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  6. ^ Shakya, S.B.; Fuchs, J.; Pons, J.M.; Sheldon, F.H. (2017). "Tapping the woodpecker tree for evolutionary insight". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 116: 182–191. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.09.005. PMID 28890006.

External linksEdit