The Optare Solo is a low-floor minibus/midibus with 1 or 2 doors manufactured by Optare in the United Kingdom since 1998. The Solo name is a play on its low-floor status, the manufacturer marketing its vehicle as having an entrance that is "so low" from the floor, namely 200 mm (8 in) with kneeling suspension. In January 2012 Optare announced the end of production for the original Solo design with a modified Solo SR taking over.
|Optare Solo & Optare Solo SR|
Optare Solo in 2018
2012–present (Solo SR)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||Single-decker bus|
|Doors||1 door or 2 doors|
|Floor type||Low entry|
Siemens (hybrid electric)
Enova Systems (fully electric) Voith DIWA (SR version only)
|Length||7.10–10.20 m (23 ft 4 in–33 ft 6 in)|
|Width||2.33–2.55 m (7 ft 8 in–8 ft 4 in)|
|Height||2.73 m (8 ft 11 in)|
The original innovative design, featuring a front axle ahead of the entrance door, gained a Millennium product award, along with a Queen's Award for Enterprise. 3,857 original model Solos were built between 1998 and 2012. As of April 2017, almost 1,500 Solo SRs have been built.
The Solo is an integral midibus (as opposed to a separate chassis and body) built in a modular design, with steel frame and GRP panels. It is powered by a Mercedes-Benz OM904LA engine, which produces 122 bhp (91 kW) or 147 bhp (110 kW) according to specification, and it is typically mated to an Allison 2000 automatic gearbox. Later, the options of a Cummins ISBe 6-cylinder 185 bhp (138 kW) engine or a MAN engine became available. There was also the option of a 4-speed Allison AT545 gearbox. In 2005 a hybrid Solo was constructed, using a small diesel unit and an Eneco (now known as Traction Technology) battery propulsion unit.
The Optare Solo is available in various lengths: 7.8 m (25 ft 7 in), 8.5 m (27 ft 11 in), 9.2 m (30 ft 2 in) and 9.9 m (32 ft 6 in) - all 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) wide. The chassis type code of the Solo denotes the length - M780 corresponds to 7.8 m, M850 to 8.5 m, and so forth. However, the Cummins-powered Solos required extra rear bodywork in order to accommodate the larger engine, which increased the overall length by 0.3 m (1 ft). This is reflected in the chassis code, so a Cummins-powered Solo was coded M810, M880, M950 or M1020.
Along with the launch of the 9.9 m (32 ft 6 in) model, the Solo was also first offered with LED-type rear lights, as opposed to the standard rectangular clusters. Seating capacities range from 25 for an M780, 29 for an M850, 33 for M920 and 37 for an M990.
A narrow-bodied version named the "Slimline" was launched in 2004 with the first examples entering service in August. It is 2.33 m (7 ft 8 in) wide, and identifiable by small wheelarch extensions mounted to the rear. Available across all lengths except the M990, the Slimline is identified by having an SL-suffix in the chassis code, e.g. M780SL for a 7.8 m (25 ft 7 in) long version. The Optare Solo Slimline is a 25-seated low-floor bus to replace the Optare MetroRider.
In June 2006, Optare announced the arrival of another Solo model - the Solo SE. At just 7.1 m (23 ft 4 in) in length, it is the shortest Solo offered, and is capable of seating 23. It also uses a single-piece entrance door as an option. This is a variant of the Slimline - hence it is 2.33 m (7 ft 8 in) wide, but noticeably the rear track has been reduced compared to previous Slimline models, eliminating the need for wheelarch extensions on the rear of the bus. Optare also plans to produce a 7.8 m (25 ft 7 in) long version of the SE.
In March 2009, Optare launched the all-electric version of the Solo, the Solo EV. The vehicle's top speed is limited to 90 km/h (56 mph). Since the summer of 2013, the vehicle uses a high-efficiency MAGTEC P180 Permanent Magnet Motor-Gearbox rated at 150 kW and powered by two banks of Valence Lithium-ion phosphate batteries. The two packs work in parallel and provide 307 V with a total capacity of 92 kWh.
In October 2007 Optare unveiled the Solo SR at the Coach & Bus Show. It is a completely-restyled version of the Solo drawing styling features from the Versa, such as the curved side windows and sweeping roof (with the destination screen and air conditioning unit underneath). Some features of the Solo such as the curved front windscreen and the unusual chassis layout, with the front wheels ahead of the doorway, were retained. Another new unusual feature to the Solo SR is the lack of a destination box on the standard model. However, Optare offers this as an option to individual customer specification.
In January 2012, Optare announced that the facelifted Solo SR would replace the standard Solo, with the standard design being withdrawn from sale.
In November 2008 the 'new' Optare unveiled the Solo+ - a completely restyled variant to celebrate ten years of the Solo as a new low-entry bus and was launched at the Euro Bus Expo 2008. It shared the same styling with the Rapta, which was launched at the same show. It sees the return of the flat side windows and roof as well as a steeper front end with an integral destination box. Proposed options include a full electric drive.
However, the plan of producing the Solo+ was dropped afterwards. The new product met with a poor market response and never made it beyond the prototype stage. The further development required to make the product an improvement on previous models was possibly deemed to be too great (and costly), the plans being shelved.
The 2012 Solo SR was introduced in 2012 with the original Solo design retired. It is available in 7.1 m, 7.8 m, 8.9 m and 9.6 m variants, all available in the Slimline (2.35 m wide) version. 8.9 m and 9.6 m models are available in the wider 2.5 m body width. All 2012 Solo SRs feature curved side glazing and high specification interiors allowing up to 37 seats in the longest derivative.
Some of the bodywork components had been redesigned to take advantage of the benefits achieved on the recently released Tempo SR design which reduced both weight and cost and further improve fuel economy.
The diesel-electric hybrid single-decker bus with room for 53 passengers; its configuration can be changed to provide seating for up to 34 passengers plus one wheelchair with additional standing room. Its peak power demands are met by batteries that are recharged on-board by the diesel generator.
The first Optare Solos entered service in 1998 with Wilts & Dorset. Arriva, FirstGroup, Go-Ahead Group, Stagecoach Group, Wellglade Group and Travel West Midlands all have all operated large fleets. It has been operated by Transport for London operators Arriva London, Quality Line, Metrobus and Travel London. A fleet of over 30 operated by LibertyBus is in use in Jersey. Optare Solos are operated in Northern Ireland by Translink Ulsterbus and in the Republic of Ireland by Bus Éireann.
In Hong Kong, AMS Public Transport (Chinese: 進智公交) and Ma Ah Muk (Chinese: 馬亞木) respectively bought an Optare Solo SR for their public light bus service. Optare Solo SR is the first, and so far the only model of low floor public light bus in use in Hong Kong.
In the United States, a left hand drive version of the Solo was sold from 2003 to 2005 by North American Bus Industries (which at the time owned Optare) as the 30-LFN. Major purchasers were American Eagle Airlines and Miami-Dade Transit. NABI's sale of Optare coupled with poor sales led to its demise in the US market.
In New Zealand, Reesby Buses imported nine Solo M880s to operate in Rotorua. In Australia, Optare Solos have been purchased by Skybus Super Shuttle, Transdev Melbourne and Ventura Bus Lines in Melbourne and Hamilton Island.
Retirement of original designEdit
In January 2012, Optare announced the end of production of the original Solo design after 14 years. The Optare Solo was retired in favour of the new-look 2012 Optare Solo SR for both UK and export markets.
- Optare Awards Optare
- Optare Solo Bus Lists on the Web
- Optare Solo SR Bus Lists on the Web
- MAN-powered Solo for M&H Bus & Coach Professional 3 August 2007
- "Optare's Solo EV - Britain's first practical electric bus".[permanent dead link]
- Optare Solo gets a new look and electric power Bus World 4 November 2008
- Delivering on the promise Bus & Coach Professional 22 January 2009
- Oprate wins major Dutch order Bus & Coach Professional 9 July 2010
- Electric Optares to go into operation in Sweden Bus & Coach Professional 1 July 2015
- Israel goes Solo Bus & Coach Professional 15 February 2010
- Optares for Cape Town BRT Optare 25 November 2011
- Optare confirms £18 million South African contract Optare 20 December 2011
- African Solo deliveries start Bus & Coach Professional 21 June 2012
- Antipodean Solo Bus & Coach Professional 2 August 2010
- Reesby Buses Australian Bus Fleet Lists
- Skybus Australian Bus Fleet Lists
- Transdev Melbourne Australian Bus Fleet Lists
- Optare Solo for Hamilton Island, Australia Optare 18 September 2015
- Optare to retire original Solo; new look Solo SR its successor Optare 3 January 2012
Media related to Optare Solo at Wikimedia Commons