Operations Coordinating Board
The Operations Coordinating Board (OCB) was a committee of the United States Executive created in 1953 by President Eisenhower's Executive Order 10483. Eisenhower simultaneously gave secret instructions specifying additional functions for the new entity. The board, which reported to the National Security Council was responsible for integrating the implementation of national security policies across several agencies.
The board's membership was to include the Under Secretary of State, who was to chair the board, the Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Director of the Foreign Operations Administration, the Director of Central Intelligence, and the President's Special Assistant for Psychological Warfare. Also authorized to attend were the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs and the Director of the United States Information Agency.
The creation of the board was a recommendation of the Jackson Committee, chaired by William Harding Jackson, set-up to propose future United States Government information and psychological warfare programs. The same committee recommended the existing Psychological Strategy Board be abolished.
The OCB was originally a separate body, but became an official part of the NSC with Eisenhower's issuance of Executive Order 10700 in 1957.
The Operations Coordinating Board was abolished by President Kennedy on February 19, 1961.
- "Memorandum From President Eisenhower to the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council (Lay)". history.state.gov. 2 September 1953.
- "U.S. President's Committee on International Information Activities (Jackson Committee): Records, 1950-53" (PDF). Eisenhower Presidential Center website.
- Cramer, Drew; Mullins, Grant. Lessons Learned from Prior Attempts at National Security Reform. Project on National Security Reform, Overarching Issues Working Group. p. 15.
- Executive Order 10483 - Establishing The Operations Coordinating Board
- Executive Order 10700 – Further Providing for the Operations Coordinating Board
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