Watcom C/C++ (currently Open Watcom C/C++) is an integrated development environment (IDE) product from Watcom International Corporation for the C, C++, and Fortran programming languages. Watcom C/C++ was a commercial product until it was discontinued, then released under the Sybase Open Watcom Public License as Open Watcom C/C++. It features tools for developing and debugging code for DOS, OS/2, Windows, Linux operating systems, which are based upon x86, IA-32, x86-64 compatible processors.
|Developer(s)||Sybase, SciTech Software|
|Initial release||January 8, 2003|
1.9 / June 2, 2010
2.0 / April 2, 2015
|Written in||C, C++|
|Operating system||DOS, Windows, OS/2, Linux|
|Type||Integrated development environment|
|License||Sybase Open Watcom Public License version 1.0|
|1984||Waterloo C for S/370|
|1988||Watcom C 6.0||
|1989||Watcom C 7.0|
|1989||Watcom C 7.0/386|
|1990||Watcom C 8.0|
|1990||Watcom C 8.0/386|
|1991||Watcom C 8.5|
|1991||Watcom C 8.5/386|
|1992||Watcom C 9.0|
|1992||Watcom C 9.0/386||
|Watcom C 9.01/386||
|1993||Watcom C/C++ 9.5|
|1993||Watcom C/C++ 9.5/386|
|1994||Watcom C/C++ 10.0|
|1995||Watcom C/C++ 10.5|
|1996||Watcom C/C++ 10.6|
|1997 Q1||Watcom C/C++ 11.0||
|1998||Watcom C/C++ 11.0B|
|2001-09-27||Watcom C/C++ 11.0c Beta|
|2002-12-21||Watcom C/C++ 11.0c|
|2003-01-28||Open Watcom 1.0|
|2003-08-12||Open Watcom 1.1|
|2004-01-07||Open Watcom 1.2|
|2004-08-03||Open Watcom 1.3|
|2005-12-14||Open Watcom 1.4|
|2006-04-26||Open Watcom 1.5|
|2006-12-15||Open Watcom 1.6|
|2007-08-18||Open Watcom 1.7|
|2007-10-23||Open Watcom 1.7a|
|2009-02-21||Open Watcom 1.8|
|2010-06-02||Open Watcom 1.9||
|2015-04-02||Open Watcom 2.0 Beta|
The Open Source Initiative has approved the license as open source, but Debian, Fedora and the Free Software Foundation have rejected it because "It requires you to publish the source code publicly whenever you “Deploy” the covered software, and “Deploy” is defined to include many kinds of private use."
The compiler can be operated from, and generate executable code for, the DOS, OS/2, Windows, Linux operating systems. It also supports NLM targets for Novell NetWare. There is ongoing work to extend the targeting to Linux and modern BSD (e.g., FreeBSD) operating systems, running on x86, PowerPC, and other processors.
In the mid-1990s some of the most technically ambitious DOS computer games such as Doom, Descent, Duke Nukem 3D, Rise of the Triad, and Tomb Raider were built using Watcom C/C++ using the DOS/4GW protected mode extender with the Watcom compiler.
Open Watcom's syntax supports many conventions[which?] introduced by other compilers, such as Microsoft's and Borland's, including differing conventions[which?] regarding (for instance) the number of leading underscores on the "asm" tag. Code written specifically for another compiler rather than standard-compliant C or C++ will often compile with the Watcom compiler.
The compiler supports C89/C90 standards by default.
Open Watcom supports partial compatibility with the C99 standard. It implements the most commonly used parts of the standard. However, they are enabled only through the undocumented command-line switch "-za99". Three C99 features have been bundled as C90 Extension since pre-v1.0: C++ style comments (//), flexible array members, trailing comma allowed in enum declaration.
The compiler currently doesn't support any new[when?] major C11 features, though the C library does include "Safe C" functions. It is specified in ISO/IEC TR 24731-1 and known as "Bounds-checking interfaces (Annex K)" in C11. Some function name examples are strcpy_s(), memcpy_s(), printf_s(). This library was released along with Open Watcom 1.5 in April 2006.
- "Latest Release (June 2010) - Open Watcom". OpenWatcom.org wiki. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015.
- "C Compiler Release Changes". Open Watcom. March 9, 2010. Archived from the original on February 3, 2015.
- List of main differences of v1.9 to v2.0 Beta.
- History - Open Watcom. OpenWatcom.com wiki.
- SYBASE INC. ANNOUNCES WATCOM C/C++ VERSION 11.0 Includes New Support For MMX Technology and Improved C++ language Support
- End of Life Notice for Watcom C/C++ Version 11.0
- Sybase to Open Source Watcom C/C++ and Fortran Compilers - SciTech Software Selected as Official Maintainer for the Open Watcom Project
- Free Software Foundation. "Various Licenses and Comments about Them". GNU Operating System. Retrieved Dec 23, 2014.
- Installing Open Watcom on Linux - Open Watcom. OpenWatcom.org wiki.
- "RotT was written in Watcom C++ v10.0 with the Rational Systems DOS/4GW extender".
- "How 5 years of burning ambition brought Retro City Rampage to DOS". Gamasutra.
- "#12011 (Compiling BIOS requires Open Watcom compiler)– Oracle VM VirtualBox". www.virtualbox.org. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
- "FreeDOS Spec". FreeDOS. Archived from the original on May 1, 2019.
- "Information for developers". arcanoae.com. Retrieved 2020-09-06.
- "Open Watcom V2 Fork".
- "Open Watcom V2 Fork Project on GitHub".
- "pcdosasm.zip archive". 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2014-02-10.
Modified Open Watcom C/C++ DOS 16-bit ..\STARTUP\DOS\CSTRT086.ASM code
- "C99 compliance in Open Watcom". Retrieved 2020-11-30.
- ISO/IEC TR 24731-1; Extension to the C Library, Part 1: Bounds-checking interfaces.
- WG14 N1969 — "Updated Field Experience With Annex K — Bounds Checking Interfaces", Carlos O'Donell, Martin Sebor
- "Open Watcom Safer C Library". Retrieved 2020-11-30.
- Sybase, Inc. pages: Watcom C/C++ version 11.0
- Open Watcom, official website, (Archived March 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine)
- Open Watcom V1.9 binary downloads
- Open Watcom V2 Fork on GitHub
- Open Watcom V2 Fork binary downloads
- Paul Hsieh. (May 8, 2005). "The WATCOM C/C++ Programmer's FAQ". Retrieved Oct 7, 2008.
- Rick Grehan (October 1994). "Watcom C/C++ Gets a New Face". BYTE. 19 (10): 111. Archived from the original on 1997-07-12. Retrieved 2011-05-14.