OpenSCAD is a free software application for creating solid 3D CAD (computer-aided design) objects. It is a script-only based modeller that uses its own description language; parts can be previewed, but cannot be interactively selected or modified by mouse in the 3D view. An OpenSCAD script specifies geometric primitives (such as spheres, boxes, cylinders, etc.) and defines how they are modified and combined (for instance by intersection, difference, envelope combination and Minkowski sums) to render a 3D model. As such, the program does constructive solid geometry (CSG). OpenSCAD is available for Windows, Linux and macOS.
|Developer(s)||Marius Kintel, Claire Wolf|
|Initial release||19 February 2010|
2021.01 / 31 January 2021
2021.02.11 / 11 February 2021
|Written in||C++ and Qt, CGAL, OpenCSG, and OpenGL |
|Operating system||Linux, macOS, Windows, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD|
|Size||15–25 MB (varies by operating system)|
|Available in||7 languages|
The 3D model position can be interactively manipulated in the view with a mouse similarly to other 3D modellers. It is also possible to define a default "camera" position in the script.
Part colors can be defined in the 3D view (including transparency).
Preview is relatively fast and allows interactive modifications while modifying the script.
The model renderer takes into account lighting, but the lighting source is not modifiable.
OpenSCAD documents are human-readable scripts in plain ASCII text.
As such, OpenSCAD is a programmer-oriented solid-modeling tool and has been recommended as an entry-level CAD tool for designing open-source hardware such as scientific tools for research and education.
Animation is possible with a speed of a few images per seconds for simple models. The animation can have effect on any parameter, being it the camera position or the parts dimensions, position, shape or existence. It can be recorded as a set of images usable to build films.
- 2D drawings in DXF, SVG and PNG can be imported, then extruded as monolithic parts.
- 3D parts can be imported in STL and can be scaled and submitted to subtractive or additive operations.
OpenSCAD is a wrapper to a CSG engine with a graphical user interface and integrated editor, developed in C++. As of 2016, it uses the Computational Geometry Algorithms Library (CGAL) as its basic CSG engine.
- List of computer-aided design editors for architecture, engineering and construction
- PLaSM is another open source scripting language for creating 3D objects
- "Claire Wolf".
- "OpenSCAD News".
- "OpenSCAD Development Snapshots".
- "Building OpenSCAD".
- Transparency is evaluated in the construction order, so a part is only transparent for parts already built.
- Evans, Brian (2012), Practical 3D Printers: The Science and Art of 3D Printing, Apress, p. 113, ISBN 9781430243922.
- Pettis, Bre; France, Anna Kaziunas; Shergill, Jay (2012), Getting Started with MakerBot, O'Reilly Media, Inc., p. 131, ISBN 9781449338657.
- Pearce, Joshua M. (2014), "Chapter 6: „Digital Designs and Scientific Hardware"", Open-Source Lab: How to Build Your Own Hardware and Reduce Research Costs, Elsevier, pp. 165–254, ISBN 9780124104624.
- OpenSCAD User Manual at Wikibooks
- OpenSCAD page on Shapeoko wiki — includes links to supporting utilities, special purpose tools (such as a screw generator) and includes an example of creating a Machinist's diamond, circle, square milling test as a parameterized file suitable for re-creating at any desired size.
- Videos on the basics of modeling with OpenSCAD
- ImplicitCAD Script-based modeller with an custom graphic engine. It does have an internal object model. Syntax similar but different from OpenScad. No GUI.
- Rapcad Programmatic modeller
- Blockscad3D Blockly implementation of OpenSCAD