Ooltewah is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States. It is a suburb of Chattanooga. The population was 687 at the 2010 census. Ooltewah is an enclave in the city of Collegedale.
Location of Ooltewah, Tennessee
|• Total||0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)|
|• Land||0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||761 ft (232 m)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1296442|
Ooltewah was once the county seat of James County, a former Tennessee county that went bankrupt in 1919 and was subsequently incorporated into Hamilton County. The former James County Courthouse located in the square in downtown Ooltewah is the community's major landmark. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Alfred Cate (1822–1871), a resident of Ooltewah, was a prominent Southern Unionist and leader in the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy. Cate and his men destroyed three Chattanooga-area railroad bridges on the night of November 8, 1861, in hopes of paving the way for a Union invasion of East Tennessee.
On November 24, 1863, the 4th Michigan Cavalry entered Ooltewah and captured seventeen Confederates, including two officers, and destroyed a train of four wagons. On the next day, the 4th Michigan Cavalry destroyed the Ooltewah railroad bridge, burned 4,000 pounds of flour, and captured a Confederate Lieutenant Colonel before moving on to Cleveland before nightfall.
Ooltewah is located at (35.066834, -85.081421).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), all land.
The word, Ooltewah is possibly derived from ultiwa, a Cherokee cognate of the Muscogee word italwa, meaning "principal ground". Alternatively, it is perhaps derived from the Creek (Muscogee) words uwv-tawa (OO-U-TA-WA) "water town." Locals attribute the name as translated "Owls Nest" or "Owls Roost" (CREEK - Opv-tawa OH-POO-TA-WA).
As of the census of 2010, there were 687 people, 313 households, and 194 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 741.5 people per square mile (286.4/km²). There were 2,290 housing units at an average density of 298.9/sq mi (115.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 83.49% White, 11.93% Asian, 0.46% Native American, 0.84% African-American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population.
There were 2,153 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.
The median income for a household in the Ooltewah CDP was $92,243, and the median income for a family was $105,439. Males had a median income of $82,423 versus $61,036 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $51,034. About 2.6% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Ooltewah is considered a Republican stronghold. At the 2010 census, 4/5 residents identified as Republican.
The Ooltewah zip code is the site of Ooltewah High School, East Hamilton Middle/High School, Ooltewah Middle School, Hunter Middle School, Ooltewah Elementary School, Snow Hill Elementary School, Wolftever Creek Elementary School, and Wallace A. Smith Elementary School.
East Hamilton Middle/High School split from Ooltewah High School due to a large student body. East Hamilton Middle/High School competes in Division 4A of the TSSAA, while Ooltewah competes in Division 6A of the TSSAA.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- About Ooltewah and Chattanooga Area, St. Francis of Assisi Episcopal Church website, accessed March 7, 2010
- Oliver Perry Temple, Mary Boyce Temple (ed.), "Alfred M. Cate," Notable Men of Tennessee (Cosmopolitan Press, 1912), pp. 85-88.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee, by Jack B. Martin and Margaret McKane Mauldin