Ōnojō (大野城市, Ōnojō-shi) is an area located in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Its name is made up of the kanji for 'big', 'field', and 'castle'. It is mostly a southern suburb of the city of Fukuoka, and has a border to the northwest with the Hakata-ku area of the city. It also shares borders with Dazaifu and Kasuga, Umi, Chikushino, Nakagawa and Shime. The border with Umi is marked by the summit of Otoganayama at 268 metres above sea level, a wide expanse of deciduous and bamboo forest, uninhabited except by the occasional snake. The Mikasa River [ja] flows through Ōnojō on its way to Hakata bay, with some of its tributaries such as Cow Neck River [ja] originating in the mountains in the south. Ducks, turtles, koi, egrets, herons and Japanese wagtails can be seen in or around the river, depending on the season.
|First official recorded||663 AD|
|City Settled||April 1, 1972|
|• Mayor||Muneji Imoto|
|• Total||26.89 km2 (10.38 sq mi)|
(September 30, 2016)
|• Density||3,717.65/km2 (9,628.7/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (JST)|
|City hall address||2-2-1, Akebonomachi, Ōnojō-shi, Fukuoka-ken|
|Tree||Round leaf holly|
The city was founded on April 1, 1972. The city flower is the Chinese bellflower, known in Japanese as kikyō.
JR Kyushu has a railway station named Ōnojō, five stops south of Hakata Station on the Kagoshima Main Line. JR Mizuki Station is on the south-eastern edge of Onojo. The Nishitetsu Tenjin Ōmuta Line also has two stations within Onojo. There are also Nishitetsu buses and local municipal buses.
At the beginning of the 21st century the area has seen continued real estate development partly due to good infrastructure, unlike more rural parts of the prefecture. Major retailers Seiyu Group and Aeon have stores here, as do several conbini chains. However, in summer 2009 very heavy rain led to a mudslide, killing 2 people on the Kyushu Expressway.
It is part of the fifth congressional district of Fukuoka Prefecture.
The city has created several walking routes.
- The Ōnojō Cocoro-no-furusato-kan City Museum (大野城心のふるさと館) opened on July 21, 2018. Exhibiting materials relating to the city's natural history, archaeology, and history, it is successor of the Ōnojō Museum of History (大野城市歴史資料展示室), which opened in 1990.
- In Kamiori there is an aviary with an extensive collection of owl themed art.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ōnojō, Fukuoka.|
- Ōnojō City official website (in Japanese)