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"One for the Road" is the final episode of the American television series Cheers. It was the 271st episode of the series and the 25th episode of the eleventh season of the show. It first aired on NBC on Thursday, May 20, 1993, to an audience of approximately 42.4 million households in a 98-minute version, making it the second-highest-rated series finale of all time behind the series finale of M*A*S*H and the highest-rated episode of the 1992–1993 television season in the United States.[1][2] The 98-minute version was re-broadcast on Sunday, May 23, 1993, and an edited 90-minute version aired on Thursday, August 19, 1993.

"One for the Road"
Cheers episode
Sam Diane Cheers finale flight goodbye.png
Sam and Diane, reunited after six years apart, decide to end their restarted relationship after their flight is delayed
Episode no.Season 11
Episode 25
Directed byJames Burrows
Written byGlen Charles
Les Charles
Production code271
Original air date
  • May 20, 1993 (1993-05-20)
Guest appearance(s)
Episode chronology
← Previous
"The Guy Can't Help It"
Next →
Cheers (season 11)
List of Cheers episodes

In this episode, Shelley Long reprised the role of Diane Chambers, a character who is reunited with her former on-off love interest Sam Malone after six years of separation. Rebecca Howe continues her relationship with plumber Don Santry. Frasier Crane helps Woody Boyd write Woody's political speech. A semi-unemployed Norm Peterson wants a job. Cliff Clavin wants to be promoted by the Post Office.

Contents

SynopsisEdit

BackgroundEdit

The television series Cheers follows the fortunes and inter-relationships of a group of Bostonians who meet regularly at "Cheers", their local bar. Sam Malone (Ted Danson), a ladies' man, former baseball player, and bartender, and Diane Chambers (Shelley Long), a college graduate student, and cocktail waitress, had on-and-off relationships throughout the first five seasons of the program (1982–1987) until Diane left Boston to pursue a writing career in the season five finale, "I Do, Adieu" (1987).[3] This was Shelley Long's last contracted appearance as Diane Chambers.[3] Six years after the season five finale, the Sam and Diane storyline is resurrected with a special guest appearance by Shelley Long and then concluded in the final episode.

During season eleven there are many transformations before the finale. Woody Boyd (Woody Harrelson), another bartender at Cheers, is married to socialite Kelly Gaines (Jackie Swanson), expecting a child with her, and has been running to be a councilmember of the Boston City Council.[4][5][6] The waitress Carla Tortelli (Rhea Perlman) has gone through two husbands—her first marriage ended with divorce before the series began,[7] and she became widowed in her second[8][9]—and is a single mother of eight.[10] Frasier Crane (Kelsey Grammer) and Lilith Sternin (Bebe Neuwirth) face marital problems, including Lilith's affair with another man.[11][12][13] After her failed relationships with rich men in the past,[9][14] the bar manager Rebecca Howe (Kirstie Alley) and the plumber Don Santry (Tom Berenger) start dating each other in the preceding episode, "The Guy Can't Help It" (1993). Meanwhile in that episode, Sam faces up to his sexual addiction and begins to attend group therapy.[15] Norm Peterson (George Wendt) is still semi-unemployed. Cliff Clavin (John Ratzenberger) is still a postal carrier living with his mother.

The episode ran for 98 minutes, including commercials, when it was originally broadcast.[16] This episode was rebroadcast on August 19, 1993, but was trimmed to 90 minutes.[17] In syndicated and online reruns, this episode was split into three parts, but the DVD release has the original, uncut version.

PlotEdit

The episode begins with Frasier writing a political speech for Woody, who has trouble doing it himself. Rebecca accidentally rejects Don Santry's (Tom Berenger)[a] proposal because she is too excited to accept it, causing him to break up with her. Diane Chambers, making her first appearance on the series after six years, appears on television, accepting an award for outstanding writing of a television movie, surprising Sam, who struggles with his sex addiction since the previous episode, "The Guy Can't Help It". Diane calls Sam at night to thank him for the congratulatory telegram he sent earlier. Diane accepts Sam's invitation to return to Boston, but Sam doubts her confirmation.

The following day, Diane arrives with her "husband" Reed (Mark Harelik), surprising Sam, who eventually uses Rebecca, who is grieving over her breakup, as his pretend wife. At Melville's restaurant, when Don enters and re-proposes, Rebecca finally accepts, ruining Sam's charade. Then Reed's partner Kevin (Anthony Heald) arrives to confront him for "cheating" with Diane. Now alone at the table, Diane admits to Sam that she broke her promise to return to him after six months in the episode "I Do, Adieu" (1987). Indeed, she had to convert her rejected finished manuscript into a screenplay, prompting her to remain in Los Angeles for six years for greater success. Then Sam and Diane both admit having been incompatible together and having no family of their own. When Diane bids Sam farewell, he stops her from leaving and convinces her to restart their relationship for old times' sake.

Another following day, Woody, now elected city councilman, gives Norm a job with the city. Rebecca marries Don but secretly regrets it, feeling he is too good for her. Cliff is promoted to postal assistant supervisor after bribing the head of the postal department with gifts. Sam and Diane walk in and announce their engagement. His friends disapprove; however, having enough of going years without a family, Sam leaves the bar with Diane. On the plane, they begin to reconsider their decision to be together again. As the flight is delayed, they amicably agree to part ways. Diane returns to Los Angeles, and Sam returns to Cheers to see his friends again. While Sam and his gang celebrate the reunion, Rebecca announces happily that Don has a job with the sewer department and leaves for their honeymoon. After the rest of the gang head home, Norm stays behind and tells Sam that he knew he would return to Boston for his "one true love", saying: "You'll always come back to her."[b] After Norm leaves, Sam tells someone (Bob Broder[c]) knocking on the door, "Sorry, we're closed," then walks over and straightens a picture of Geronimo[d] hanging on the back wall, and then exits into the corridor toward the billiard room.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

 
Shelley Long (pictured in 1996) makes her special guest appearance as Diane Chambers in the series finale, six years after her departure.

Three hundred people attended the filming of the finale at Paramount Studios' Stage 25 in Los Angeles on Wednesday, March 31, 1993, from 7:20 p.m. to 2:15 a.m.[22] Because of Shelley Long's commitment to the CBS sitcom Good Advice, the finale's bar scene ending, where the series main cast gather as their own respective characters, was shot without her on Wednesday, April 7, 1993,[23] after the episode "It's Lonely on the Top" was completely filmed out of sequence on the same day.[20] However, the ending was concealed from the general public and the studio audience until the episode was first broadcast.[22] Before her special guest appearance in this episode, Shelley Long's reprise as Diane Chambers was rumored in 1989 when she appeared with Ted Danson at the premiere of one of his movies, Cousins. A spokesperson for Paramount Television denied these rumors.[24] Long appeared as herself for the 200th episode special in 1990, hosted by John McLaughlin, along with other surviving cast members at the time.[25]

"I don't think we ever entertained that idea of Sam and Diane going off together. It seemed like [we'd be] going backwards a little. I'm not sure if that big of a portion of our audience would have been happy with it[.] [T]here were people who loved Shelley, but a lot of people liked Rebecca better, or thought Diane was bad for Sam, and so on."[26]

Les Charles, GQ magazine

The series's creators Glen and Les Charles co-wrote the series finale, and James Burrows directed it. Despite what the Les Charles considered the basic story intended to resolve the Sam and Diane story arc, the producers expanded the length of the finale, longer than a typical Cheers episode, to accommodate the network NBC's demands for more commercials.[20] The total number of 30-second commercials that aired on the initial, original broadcast was 25 to 30, each of which cost $650,000.[27][28][e]

United States President Bill Clinton sent the crew his message saying that he wanted to appear in the finale, so the Charles brothers wrote a segment where Clinton supposedly appeared.[20] However, when the filming of the episode started, Clinton decided to cancel his own appearance.[20][29] Brandon Tartikoff, former executive of NBC and former chief of Paramount Studios, and Doonesbury cartoonist Garry Trudeau appeared in the finale as uncredited bar extras.[23] Bob Broder, agent for the show's creators, also made an uncredited appearance in the final moments of the show as the "man" who is told by Sam that the bar is closed.[21]

PromotionEdit

The final episode was promoted massively, including in the media, before its initial airing. NBC executives expected a rating of 65  percent of total television households.[30] Sources on Madison Avenue estimated a Nielsen rating of 33–40s and a share of 50–70; one expected a rating of 37–38 and a share of 60.[31]

NBC and its affiliates, such as KNBC, promoted the finale's broadcast for a few weeks up to the day of the original airing on the network's news programs, such as Dateline NBC and Today. KTLA, a Los Angeles station that reran Cheers in syndication, played a variation of the show's theme song, "Where Everybody Knows Your Name", during the week before the finale. Entertainment Tonight showed blooper reels of Cheers in the same week.[32] Ratings of Season 11 episodes (1992–1993) were growing in the weeks prior to the finale.[31]

Between April 1–4, 1993, the Times Mirror Center for the People and the Press (now the Pew Research Center) surveyed 1,011 people by telephone. Sam Malone was voted a favorite by 26% and had a 15% chance of a spin-off. Answering a question as to who he should marry, 21% voted Diane Chambers, 19% voted Rebecca Howe, 48% voted for Sam to remain single, and 12% had no opinion on this matter. Woody Boyd was voted a favorite by 18% and had 12% chance of a spin-off, and Norm Peterson was voted by 14% and had 10% chance of a spin-off.[33][34][f]

Newspapers counted down to the Cheers finale in different ways. The Washington Post covered the show's background.[35] The Star Tribune published stories related to Cheers, including one about local residents playing trivia games that paid tribute to the show and characters such as Cliff and Norm;[36] the future of the fictional Sam Malone was addressed.[37] The Deseret News asked its readers to send in their own fantasy finale endings before it was broadcast.[38]

Many bars across the United States and one of Canadian stadiums, 50,000-seat SkyDome from Toronto, organized parties for screenings of the series finale.[39]

ReceptionEdit

Critical reviewsEdit

Reviews of this episode at the time of its initial broadcast were mixed. John J. O'Connor from The New York Times called the episode "overly long and uncharacteristically labored" and considered its length "a miscalculation." Nevertheless, O'Connor wrote, "Things didn't turn absolutely soppy, but nearly."[27][40] Tony Scott of Daily Variety praised the writing, yet he found the finale "overly long" and described the last 30 minutes as "limping."[41] John Carman of the San Francisco Chronicle "liked the finale" and "was choked up at the end"; nevertheless, he found Shelley Long's special guest performance "disappointing" – her "cute pills" were past "their expiration date." Ann Hodges of The Houston Chronicle "found the conclusion fitting" but was not sad about the series' cancellation.[42] One reader's letter in The Post-Standard pointed out the episode omitted mention of Coach Ernie Pantusso, one of original Cheers characters who died in 1985, and expressed disdain over this, even though the Geronimo picture was shown at the end to commemorate Coach.[43]

The reviews in later years were mostly positive. In 1998, A. J. Jacobs of Entertainment Weekly graded this finale a B+, calling it "a satisfying nightcap" and "sharply written by the [Charles brothers]", with its final moments "classy as a flute of chilled Cristal."[44] In 2006, Ron Geraci, author of the book The Bachelor Chronicles: A Dating Memoir, called it "raw and moving" and "significant."[45] In 2007, Dalton Ross of Entertainment Weekly called it one of his "Five Best (pre-Sopranos) Series Finales."[46] In 2007, Douglas Durden of The Richmond Times-Dispatch named it his fifth most favorite television finale of all-time.[47] In 2009, the A.V. Club ranked it No. 3 in "10 American TV Series with Satisfying Endings" in the book Inventory.[48] In 2010, Sharon Knolle of The Huffington Post was relieved to see the final onscreen romance between Sam and Diane end rather than conclude with their marriage.[49] In the same year, Oliver Miller of The Huffington Post was heartbroken by Sam and Diane's on-screen "absurd protracted double-gut-punch break-up" in the episode.[50] Claire Suddath from Time magazine called it one of top ten "anticipated" finales ever.[18] In 2011, the finale was ranked fifth on the TV Guide Network special, TV's Most Unforgettable Finales.[51] In 2014, IGN ranked it number six of the top ten Cheers episodes.[52]

RatingsEdit

The episode aired on NBC on May 20, 1993, at 9:22 p.m. instead of 9:30 pm, the regular time for Cheers, as the episode was scheduled to run 98-minutes.[g] The overall Nielsen rating was 45.5 (approximately 42.4 million households), 64 or 62 share,[16][53][54] and the number of American viewers was either 80 million[55] or 93 million.[16][53][56] The broadcast in 29 major markets resulted an overnight 46.7 Nielsen rating (22 million households) and 62 share.[57] In the Los Angeles area, the finale scored a 44.5 rating for (KNBC);[2] in the Minneapolis–St. Paul market (KARE), a 54.8 rating and 72 share;[58] in New York City (WNBC), a 45.6 rating;[59] in the Hartford–New Haven (WVIT) area, a 48 rating and 63 share;[60] and in Boston (WBZ-TV), the series' setting, a 54.1 rating.[61]

The retrospective program Cheers: Last Call!, produced by NBC (not the series producers)[20] and hosted by Bob Costas, paid tribute to 11 years of Cheers and aired at 9:00 p.m. before the 9:22 p.m. finale.[16][62] It received an overall 39.6 rating (36.9 million households); the Los Angeles rating was 40.0.[2]

The finale reran on Sunday, May 23, 1993, from 7:22 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. ET with a Nielsen rating of 10.0. Cheers: Last Call!, which ran from 7:00 p.m. to 7:22 p.m. ET had a 7.4 rating.[2][53] The finale reran again on Thursday, August 19, 1993, in a 90-minute format from 8:00 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. and received a 9.4 rating.[17][5][63]

AccoladesEdit

At the 45th Primetime Emmy Awards (1993), Robert Bramwell won Outstanding Achievement in Editing for a Series (Multi-Camera Production).[64][65] Shelley Long lost the Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series to Tracey Ullman (Love and War).[65][66] Tom Berenger lost the Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series to David Clennon (Dream On).[65][67] James Burrows lost the Outstanding Individual Achievement in Directing in a Comedy Series to Betty Thomas (Dream On)[65][68]

AftermathEdit

Before and after the production of Cheers had ended, the cast had moved on to other stages in their careers. Shelley Long appeared on the CBS show Good Advice before this episode, and resumed her work there. Ted Danson appeared in Made in America, which opened in theatres soon after the episode aired. Kirstie Alley participated in the film Look Who's Talking Now,[69] the sequel to Look Who's Talking and Look Who's Talking Too.

Woody Harrelson appeared in Indecent Proposal, with Demi Moore and Robert Redford already showing in theaters, and appeared in Oliver Stone's Natural Born Killers. George Wendt appeared in an off-Broadway play. John Ratzenberger appeared in Fox's Locals. Rhea Perlman took "a break" from acting for a while. Kelsey Grammer soon reappeared as Frasier Crane in the spinoff Frasier, set in Seattle, as the host of a new radio show[69] with only occasional appearances of Lilith Sternin or their son Frederick during its 11-year run. However, Frasier would eventually return to Boston for a visit, along with his brother Niles and father Martin (played by David Hyde Pierce and John Mahoney, respectively).

Before the first airing of this series finale, more than five hundred people, including the cast of Cheers (except Shelley Long, Kirstie Alley, and Bebe Neuwirth)[70]) and politicians such as William M. Bulger and past State Governor William Weld, participated at an afternoon celebration on Beacon Street near the Bull & Finch Pub in Boston, to celebrate the series' ending.[70] After the episode aired, the remaining cast appeared live on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno in the Bull & Finch Pub. According to host Jay Leno, not only the cast but nearly everyone at the bar was intoxicated.[71]

In 1997, one copy of this episode's script was donated by George Wendt to the Handel and Haydn Society, a Boston music institution. It contained the autographs of eight cast members, including of Shelley Long, Woody Harrelson, and George Wendt. On February 15, 1997, it was stolen from the Boston Four Seasons Hotel. The high bid for it at the benefit auction was $1,000 before it was stolen. About one week later, the stolen script, in a manila envelope, was left at a church; the Society then retrieved it. In March 1997, the autographed copy of the episode's script was sold to the Bull and Finch Pub (now Cheers Beacon Hill) for $10,000.[72][73]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Tom Berenger's character Don Santry first appeared in the previous episode, "The Guy Can't Help It".
  2. ^ Time magazine implied the bar was Sam's true love.[18] However, one television critic from the Corpus Christi Caller-Times said, "[T]he character Norm Peterson didn't tell Sam that the bar was his only true love. That sentiment was left to the viewer to surmise."[19] James Burrows said, "His bar was the love of his life."[20]
  3. ^ Bob Broder was an agent for the show's creators.[21]
  4. ^ See #Critical reviews.
  5. ^ The March 5, 1993, edition of Reading Eagle reported that the budget of each 30-second commercial was estimated $600,000, according to NBC insiders. Later articles report, otherwise, that each was $650,000 estimate.
  6. ^ The margin of error in the survey was ±3, according to sources.
  7. ^ These are the times in the areas of Eastern and Pacific Time Zones. In the Central and Mountain zones, the finale aired at 8:22 p.m. instead of 8:30 pm, the regular time for Cheers in those regions.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "NBC wins May sweeps; Cheers ratings No. 2 all-time." Toronto Star May 30, 1993, SU2 ed: C4. Web. January 6, 2012. (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c d Margulies, Lee. "TV Ratings: Surprise! 'Cheers' Finale Powers NBC to Top." Los Angeles Times May 26, 1993. Web. January 6, 2012. In Los Angeles in 1993, "each rating point [equaled] 49,657 households."
  3. ^ a b Ess, Ramsey (February 1, 2013). "Watching an Alternate-Universe Cheers That Shelley Long Never Left". Vulture. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  4. ^ Bjorklund, pp. 222–223, 225, 227.
  5. ^ a b Brooks, Tim, and Earle Marsh. The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows: 1946–present. 9th ed. New York: Ballantine–Random House, 2007. 243. Google Books. Web. June 1, 2012.
  6. ^ "Woody Gets an Election". Cheers. Season 11. Episode 21. NBC.
  7. ^ "Give Me a Ring Sometime". Cheers. Season 1. Episode 1.
  8. ^ Bjorklund, p. 209.
  9. ^ a b Duffy, Mike; Steward, Susan (May 16, 1993). "Last Call for a Distinguished Cast of Cheers". The Day. New London, Connecticut. Knight-Ridder Newspapers. p. C7.
  10. ^ Bjorklund, p. 210.
  11. ^ Darowski, Joseph J.; Darowski, Kate (2017). "Chapter I: Frasier before Frasier". Frasier: A Cultural History. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 12. ISBN 9781442277960.
  12. ^ "The Girl in the Plastic Bubble". Cheers. Season 11. Episode 7. NBC.
  13. ^ "The Bar Manager, the Shrink, His Wife & Her Lover". Cheers. Season 11. Episode 17. NBC.
  14. ^ Bjorklund, p. 169–172.
  15. ^ Bjorklund, p. 453.
  16. ^ a b c d Stevenson, Jennifer L. "Cheers Last Call! Series: Entertainment" Tampa Bay Times May 20, 1993: 8B. Print. (subscription required)
  17. ^ a b "Television: Thursday Prime Time." The Telegraph August 19, 1993: 48. Google News. Web. January 17, 2012. List of Nielsen ratings for television programs that aired on August 15–21, 1993 appears in either edition of August 22–28, 1993, of all newspapers, usually either Wednesday or Thursday.
  18. ^ a b Suddath, Claire. "The Lost Finale: Top 10 Most Anticipated TV Endings." Time May 23, 2010. Web. June 2, 2012.
  19. ^ Liner, Elaine (May 21–22, 1993). "TV's favorite bar turns off the tap". Corpus Christi Caller-Times. Texas. p. A1 – via NewsBank. Record no.: 113001A60C3FB35B (registration required).
  20. ^ a b c d e f Harris, Will (May 18, 2018). "Cheers Team Reflects on Series Finale on 25th Anniversary, Talks Revival Potential". Variety. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
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  23. ^ a b "Final taping of Cheers ends in an abundance of hugs and tears". Point Pleasant Register. Point Pleasant, West Virginia. Associated Press. April 9, 1993. p. 8.
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  25. ^ Duffy, Mike (November 7, 1990). "Cheers to serve 200th round of laughs". Bangor Daily News. Knight-Ridder Newspapers. p. 24.
  26. ^ Raftery, Brian (October 2012). "The Best TV Show That's Ever Been". GQ.
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  28. ^ Elliott, Stuart (May 14, 1993). "The Media Business: Advertising – Sponsors are toasting the 'Cheers' finale at a price of $650,000 for every 30-second spot". The New York Times. Retrieved January 8, 2012..
  29. ^ "President invited to attend last call for Cheers". Portsmouth Daily Times. April 2, 1993. p. B1. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  30. ^ Stevenson, Jennifer L. "`Cheers' finale? Not so fast – and not so hot Series: Entertainment." St. Petersburg Times [St. Petersburg, Florida] May 22, 1993, City ed.: 8B. Print. (subscription required)
  31. ^ a b Du Brow, Rick. "Will Cheers Top MASH, Dallas Ratings?" Los Angeles Times May 15, 1993, Library ed: F11. Print.
  32. ^ Rosenberg, Howard. "Three `Cheers' and a Lot More After All the Hype, How Can Everybody Not Know Their Names?" Los Angeles Times May 20, 1993: F1. ProQuest. Web. January 23, 2012. ISSN 0458-3035. (registration required)
  33. ^ Mills, Kim I. "TV viewers glad Sam stayed single." The Sunday Gazette [Schenectady, New York] May 2, 1993: A3. Google News. Web. January 21, 2012.
  34. ^ Leefler, Pete. "Show Piles Up Viewer Cheers." The Morning Call [Allentown, New York] May 2, 1993: A01. Web. January 17, 2012. (subscription required)
  35. ^ Shales, Tom. "Cheers – A Last Toast to the Happy Half-Hour." The Washington Post May 20, 1993, Final ed.: D01. Web. January 12, 2012. (subscription required)
  36. ^ "Minnesotans stand to make it big with trivia game." Star Tribune May 16, 1993. Web. January 12, 1993. (subscription required)
  37. ^ "Malone alone." Star Tribune May 20, 1993. Web. January 12, 2012. (subscription required)
  38. ^ Pierce, Scott D. (April 8, 1993). "Goodbye Cheers: Cast feels somber as series nears end of 11-year run. Final episode is May 20". Deseret News.
  39. ^ Cerone, Daniel (May 20, 1993). "Separation Anxiety in Prime Time". Los Angeles Times. p. A1. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013.
  40. ^ O'Connor, John J (May 30, 1993). "Television View – A Few Qualms From a Fan Of 'Seinfeld'". The New York Times. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
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  42. ^ Moore, Frazier. "Nation's critics cheer final episode." Oxnard Press-Courier May 22, 1993: 7. Google News. Web.
  43. ^ "Readers raise glass to Cheers finale". The Post-Standard. Syracuse, New York. May 22, 1993. p. C6. Record no. at NewsBank: [[1]] (registration required).
  44. ^ Jacobs, A. J. "Some Farewell—Some Fare Not So Well." Entertainment Weekly May 29, 1998. Web. February 2, 2012.
  45. ^ Geraci, Ron. The Bachelor Chronicles: A Dating Memoir. New York: Kensington Books, 2006. 114. Google Books. Web. January 10, 2012. ISBN 0-7582-1329-8.
  46. ^ Dalton 2007, p. 2.
  47. ^ Durden, Douglas (June 10, 2007). "A last kiss or a last kiss-off?". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Richmond Newspapers, Inc. p. G11. Record no. at NewsBank: MERLIN_7558187 (registration required).
  48. ^ A.V. Club. Inventory: 16 Films Featuring Manic Pixie Dream Girls, 10 Great Songs Nearly Ruined by Saxophone, and 100 More Obsessively Specific Pop-Culture Lists. New York: Scribner, 2009. 88. Google Books. Web. January 9, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4165-9473-4.
  49. ^ Knolle, Sharon (January 7, 2010). "Worst TV Couples Ever (Looking at You, Sam and Diane)". The Huffington Post.
  50. ^ Miller, Oliver. "TV Break-Ups: 10 Devastating TV Couple Splits". The Huffington Post February 12, 2010. Web. June 9, 2012.
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  59. ^ "Viewers Consume `Cheers' Finale". The Mount Airy News. May 23, 1993. p. 9A. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
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  62. ^ "`Cheers' Finale Starts at 9:22 – Not 9:30." The Palm Beach Post [Palm Beach, Florida] May 14, 1993: 9D. Print. (subscription required)
  63. ^ "Nielsens show NBC's `Now' had strong first night." The Robesonian [Lumberton, North Carolina] August 26, 1993: 5B. Google News. Web. January 15, 2012. This edition lists prime time television programs that aired on August 15–21, 1993.
  64. ^ "Cheers." Emmys.com. Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, 2011. Web. January 7, 2012.
  65. ^ a b c d Bjorklund. p. 427.
  66. ^ "Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series – 1993". Emmys. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  67. ^ "Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series – 1993". Emmys. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  68. ^ "Nominees/Winners". Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  69. ^ a b Moore, Frazier (May 21, 1993). "Cast of Cheers says goodbye to its 100 million viewers". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Pullman, Washington, and Moscow, Idaho. Associated Press. p. 3A. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  70. ^ a b Bickelhaupt, Susan (May 21, 1993). "Good cheer flows to the end Boston gives its sitcom a grand goodbye". The Boston Globe. p. 1, Metro/Region section. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
  71. ^ "Leno Calls Telecast on Cheers 'a Mistake': Drunken Cast Members Ruined 'Tonight' Broadcast From Boston Bar, He Says". Los Angeles Times. Reuter. May 28, 1993. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
  72. ^ "Final 'Cheers' Script Stolen From Benefit Is Left at a Church." The New York Times February 24, 1997. Web. January 22, 2012.
  73. ^ "Cheers script sold for $10,000." The Free Lance-Star [Fredericksburg, Virginia] March 4, 1997: D6. Google News. Web. January 22, 2012.

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Ariano, Tara, and Sarah D. Bunting. Television without Pity: 752 Things We Love to Hate (and Hate to Love) About TV. Philadelphia: Quirk Books, 2006. Print. ISBN 978-1-59474-117-3.
  • Bark, Ed. "'Cheers' closer gives Channel 5 a ratings boost." The Dallas Morning News May 29, 1993. Web. January 9, 2012. Document ID number is 0ED3D38C34E6DF2B. (subscription required)
  • Bonko, Larry. "The Best and the Worst on TV in 1993." The Virginian-Pilot [Norfolk, Virginia] December 27, 1993. Print. (subscription required)
  • Hein, John. Jump the Shark: When Good Things Go Bad. TV ed. New York: Plume, 2003. Print. ISBN 0-452-28410-4.
  • Holbert, Ginny. "'Frontline' Leans Too Heavily on Politics." Chicago Sun-Times May 25, 1993: 35. Print. (subscription required)
  • Husted, Bill. "Funny Dream for Self-Promoter." Rocky Mountain News May 19, 1993. Print. (subscription required)
  • Kepnes, Caroline. "One for the Road." Entertainment Weekly May 25, 2001. Web. February 2, 2012 <http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,256448,00.html>.
  • Lazare, Lewis. "Move over, `M*A*S*H'." Chicago Sun-Times February 9, 2010: 16. Print. (subscription required)
  • Mink, Eric. "'Cheers' Was Fine; Leno Show a Fiasco." St. Louis Post-Dispatch May 24, 1993, Five Star ed.: 5D. Print. ID number for Web version is [[2]]. (subscription required)
  • Stevenson, Jennifer L. "3 Cheers // Hype, hype, hooray! It's over! Series: Entertainment – TV Review." St. Petersburg Times [St. Petersburg, Florida] May 21, 1993, City ed.: 5B. Print. (subscription required)
  • "Although television's Cheers closes tonight, real-life versions of the bar will go right on being second families to a lot of folks." Fort Worth Star-Telegram May 20, 1993. Print. (subscription required)
  • "Loving `Cheers' and loving work." Star Tribune [Minneapolis] May 22, 1993. Print. (subscription required)
  • "WTMJ-TV's post `Cheers' news gets heady rating." Milwaukee Journal Sentinel May 24, 1993. Web. January 15, 2012. (subscription required) Document ID number is 0EB827D3BA3592DF.

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