Ondrej Nepela (22 January 1951 – 2 February 1989) was a Slovak figure skater who represented Czechoslovakia. He was the 1972 Olympic champion, a three-time World champion (1971–73), and a five-time European champion (1969–73). Later in his career, he performed professionally and became a coach.
Nepela in 1972
|Born||22 January 1951|
|Died||2 February 1989 (aged 38)|
Mannheim, West Germany
|Former coach||Hilda Múdra|
|Skating club||Slovan Bratislava|
Nepela became interested in skating after watching the 1958 European Championships on television — Karol Divín won the men's title for Czechoslovakia. In February 1958, his mother brought the seven-year-old to a Bratislava ice rink. After two weeks, she approached Hilda Múdra to complain that her son was being ignored by the instructors and Múdra agreed to teach him. She described him as a diligent and punctual student. Nepela trained at the Slovan Bratislava club.
In the 1965–66 season, Nepela stepped onto his first ISU Championship podium, winning the bronze medal at the 1966 European Championships in Bratislava. He then reached the top ten at the 1966 World Championships in Davos, Switzerland. Over the next two seasons, Nepela won two more European bronze medals and placed eighth at his second Olympics, in Grenoble, France.
In the 1968–69 season, he won gold at the 1969 European Championships in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, West Germany, and stood on his first World podium as the silver medalist at the 1969 World Championships in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The following year, he defended his European title at the 1970 European Championships in Leningrad, Soviet Union, before winning another silver medal at the 1970 World Championships, held in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia.
In 1971, Nepela won his third European title in Zurich, Switzerland and then captured his first World title at the 1971 World Championships in Lyon, France. After becoming the European champion for the fourth consecutive year in Gothenburg (Sweden), Nepela traveled to Sapporo, Japan to compete at his third Olympics. Placing first in the compulsory figures and fourth in the free skate, he finished first overall ahead of the Soviet Union's Sergei Chetverukhin and won the gold medal at the 1972 Winter Olympics, became one of the youngest male figure skating Olympic champions.
Nepela wanted to retire from competition after the 1971–72 season, but agreed to continue one more year because the 1973 World Championships were to be held in Bratislava. After winning his third World title in his hometown, he ended his amateur career. Múdra was his coach throughout his career.
Professional career, coaching, and awardsEdit
In 1972, Nepela was awarded the title of Merited Master of Sport of the USSR. Since 1993, the Slovak Figure Skating Association has held a competition each autumn called the Ondrej Nepela Memorial. In December 2000, the Slovak Republic named him Slovak athlete of the 20th century. Múdra accepted the award on his behalf.
Later years and personal lifeEdit
In 1988, Nepela began to develop health problems and had two teeth removed. He died in Mannheim in February 1989, at the age of 38. The medical report from Mannheim hospital named cancer of the lymph nodes as the cause of death. His death is often attributed to AIDS.
|Prize of Moscow News||1st|
- "Register olympionikov zo Slovenska" [List of Olympians from Slovakia] (PDF) (in Slovak). Slovak Olympic Committee. p. 28.
- Szőcsová, Andrea (21 January 2011). "Naša najväčšia hviezda žiarila na ľade" [Our biggest ice star]. HN Online (in Slovak).
- "Otázky a odpovede: Na otázky odpovedala Hilda Múdra" [Questions and answers with Hilda Múdra] (in Slovak). Pravda (Slovakia). 19 March 2008.
- "Legendárny Ondrej Nepela by mal 60 rokov" [Legendary Ondrej Nepela would be 60 years old]. TASR (in Slovak). topky.sk. 22 January 2011.
- Šimo, Marián. "Hilda Múdra: Celý život je len zmes náhod" [Hilda Múdra: Whole life is just a combination of coincidences] (in Slovak). Slováci vo svete. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
- Fukatsch, Peter (25 January 2009). "Krasokorčuliar Nepela bol jednotkár po každej stránke" [Figure skater Nepela was unique in every way]. sme.sk (in Slovak).
- "Ondrej Nepela" (in Slovak). osobnosti.sk. Archived from the original on 25 April 2013.
- Hlohoš, Jakub (21 January 2010). "Ondrej Nepela". slovenskyportal.sk (in Slovak). Archived from the original on 12 March 2014.
- Panorama of the 1972 Sports Year (in Russian). Moscow: Fizkultura i sport. 1973. pp. 122–124.
- Historical Dictionary of Slovakia (2014 ed.). Scarecrow Press. 14 November 2013. p. 488.
- "Hilda Múdra" (in Slovak). osobnosti.sk. Archived from the original on 29 May 2008.
- "Athletes with HIV/AIDS: Ondrej Nepela". Complex: Making Culture Pop.
- Cranston, Toller; Martha Lowder Kimball (2000). When Hell Freezes Over: Should I Bring My Skates?. McClelland & Stewart. ISBN 0-7710-2337-5.