On Naïve and Sentimental Poetry

On Naïve and Sentimental Poetry (Über naive und sentimentalische Dichtung) is a 1795–6 paper by Friedrich Schiller on poetic theory and the different types of poetic relationship to the world. The work divides poetry into two forms. Naïve poetry is poetry of direct description while sentimental poetry is self-reflective. While naïve presents a straight narrative or description, sentimental poetry is built around the author's reflections and relationship to the material.[1]

Schiller classifies all poets as either naïve or sentimental. Almost all Classical Greek poets wrote in the naïve mode, with the exception of Euripides. The modern poetry of Schiller's era tended to the sentimental, but figures such as Shakespeare and Goethe were mainly naïve poets to Schiller.[2] This classification of poetry differed from that of Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel, who saw poetry as firmly divided by era.

In the modern era, there are also some young poets who are interested in the term of Naivety and Sentimental as classification of their poems. One poetry book in Chinese <青澀詩歌集> was translated as Naive and Sentimental Poetry or <Poems of Naivety>. Some of its poems are already written in English language [3].


  1. ^ Thomas Nenon (19 September 2014). Kant, Kantianism, and Idealism: The Origins of Continental Philosophy. Taylor & Francis. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-317-54698-6.
  2. ^ Jean-Marie Schaeffer (2000). Art of the Modern Age: Philosophy of Art from Kant to Heidegger. Princeton University Press. p. 126. ISBN 0-691-01669-0.
  3. ^ Aaron Poet (2019). 青澀詩歌集 Poems of naïvety.