Omalur is a panchayat town and headquarters of Omalur taluk in the Salem District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is situated on the National Highway 7 between 11° 73333" latitude and 78° 06667" longitude. It has a population of about 13,600. Agriculture, leather and handloom textiles are the major business.

Omalur
Town Panchayat
NH7 Omalur Tollplaza near Salem
NH7 Omalur Tollplaza near Salem
Omalur is located in Tamil Nadu
Omalur
Omalur
Coordinates: 11°44′42″N 78°02′49″E / 11.745°N 78.047°E / 11.745; 78.047Coordinates: 11°44′42″N 78°02′49″E / 11.745°N 78.047°E / 11.745; 78.047
CountryIndia
StateTamil Nadu
RegionKongu Nadu
DistrictSalem
TalukOmalur
Government
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyVetrivel, MLA
Area
 • Total8.16 km2 (3.15 sq mi)
Elevation
298 m (978 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total16,279[1]
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
636455
Telephone code04290
Vehicle registrationTN-30

HistoryEdit

In 14th century, Omalur Kottai (Fort) was built.

The Madurai Nayaks ruled Kongu Nadu, the Gatti Mudalis were the made in-charge of Omalur, Taramangalam and others.

The Gatti Mudalis's rule extended east-west from Thalaivasal to Dharapuram and north-south from Omalur to Karur. After the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire, the Gatti Mudalis became the Palaiyakkarar of Omalur under Tirumalai Nayak of Madurai in 1623.

In 1660, Chikka Deveraja conquered Sankagiri, Thoppur and Omalur. In 1667, the Gatti Mudalis lost Omalur to Mysore. In 1688-89, Chikka Deva Raya, the king of Mysore, felt strong enough once again to invade Baramahal and the whole district of Salem came under his control before his death in 1704.

In 1815 Omalur taluk was absorbed into Salem taluk, but was recreated in 1819. It was again absorbed by Salem taluk in 1860, and again recreated in 1910. In 1916 Omalur taluk was bifurcated into Omalur and Mettur, and in 1941 Mettur Taluk was absorbed into Omalur.


TEMPLES OF OMALUR TOWN PANCHAYAT:

  • Kasi Vishvanathar temple, sevvai sandhai, omalur
  • Kottai marriamman temple, omalur town
  • Vasandheeshwarar temple, omalur fort
  • Vijayaragawar perumal temple, Omalur fort
  • Sri Ramalinga Sowdeswari Amman

GeographyEdit

Omalur is located at 11°44′N 78°04′E / 11.73°N 78.07°E / 11.73; 78.07.[2] It has an average elevation of 298 metres (977 feet).

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 India census, Omalur had a population of 16,279. Males constitute 49.3% of the population and females 50.7%. Omalur has an average literacy rate of 84.82%, higher than the state average of 80.09%: male literacy is 90.3%, and female literacy is 79.53%. In Omalur, 9.8% of the population is under 6 years of age. 88.13% of population are Hindus, 9.66% are Muslims and 2.16% are Christians.

ClimateEdit

The climate is generally hot and dry. Summer stretches from February to July with its peak during the months of April and May. Temperatures stay above 30 °C and can reach 37 °C. During this time it gets occasional spells of rain. During the months of August and September the South-West monsoons start and bring about 100 mm of rain. In October and November it receives the North-East monsoon.

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

  • Vellasami Chettiyar Higher Secondary School, Omalur
  • Fatima Girls Higher Secondary School, Omalur
  • Kalaimagal matriculation higher secondary school, RC Chettipatti, Omalur
  • SSRM Higher secondary school, karrupur.
  • Mount Shervaroys Matriculation School, Poosarippatti
  • Government Higher Secondary School, Nadupatti
  • South Indian Matriculation & Higher Secondary School, Panchukalipatti
  • Swamy Vivekanatha Matriculation School, Kadayampatti
  • G. R. Matriculation School, Muthunaickenpatti.
  • Wistom Gates Matriculation School, Kottaimariammankoil
  • St. Joseph Matriculation School, Pagalpatti
  • John Britto Matriculation School, Kamalapuram
  • Govt Higher secondary school, Periyapatty, semmandapatty village
  • Govt Higher secondary school, Pannapatty
  • Govt Higher secondary school, muthu Naikken Patty
  • Govt Higher secondary school, Vellalappatti
  • Govt Higher secondary school, Mattukkaranur
  • Panchayat Union Primary School, Kamalapuram

Colleges and UniversitiesEdit

  • Government Engineering College salem-11, Salem (Autonomous)(Anna University, Chennai)
  • Periyar University at Omalur town 3 km. Omalur (TK)
  • Dhirajlal gandhi college of technology, Opp. Salem Airport, Sikanampatty, Omalur, Salem.Affiliated to ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI.
  • Narusu's Sarathy Institute of Technology, Poosaripatti at Omalur town 6 km. Omalur (TK)Affiliated to ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI.
  • Padmavani Arts & Science College (near Periyar University) at Omalur town 3 km. Omalur (TK)
  • Balakrishna Polytechnic College at Omalur town 4 km. Omalur (TK)
  • DPC Polytechnic College at Omalur town 6 km. Omalur (TK)
  • Padmavani Arts & Science College for Women
  • Kevi Women’s College of Education
  • Dhanam College of Education
  • Sri Balakrishna Polytechnic College
  • Sri Balamurugan Arts and Science College


PoliticsEdit

Omalur assembly constituency is part of Salem (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/data/town/803452-omalur.html
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Omalur
  3. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2009.

See alsoEdit