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Olympic Athletes from Russia at the 2018 Winter Olympics

  (Redirected from Olympic Athlete from Russia at the 2018 Winter Olympics)

Olympic Athlete from Russia (OAR) is the formal designation of athletes from Russia who will be allowed to compete at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, from 9 to 25 February 2018, under the Olympic flag.

Olympic Athlete from Russia at the
2018 Winter Olympics
Olympic flag.svg
IOC code OAR
in Pyeongchang, South Korea
Competitors 89 in 5 sports
Medals
Gold Silver Bronze Total
0 0 0 0
Winter Olympics appearances
Other related appearances
 Russian Empire (1900–1912)
 Soviet Union (1952–1988)
 Unified Team (1992)
 Russia (1994–2016)

On 5 December 2017, the IOC announced that the Russian Olympic Committee is suspended with immediate effect.[1] The decision with regard to the participation of Russian athletes in the Olympics was made by the IOC based on the findings of the Inquiry Commission chaired by Samuel Schmid.[2] Russia intends to appeal the ban to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.[3]

In the past, Vladimir Putin, the President of Russia, and other officials have said it would be a humiliation for Russia if its athletes are not allowed to compete under the Russian flag.[4] However, his spokesman later said no boycott has been discussed.[5] After the IOC decision was announced, the head of Chechnya Ramzan Kadyrov announced that no Chechen athletes will participate under a neutral flag.[6] On 6 December, Putin stated that the Russian government will not prevent any athletes from participating at the Games as individuals, but there were calls for boycott from other politicians. It is still unclear whether Russia will fund its athletes in the run-up to the Olympics.[7][8][9][10]

Contents

BackgroundEdit

In December 2014, German public broadcaster ARD aired a documentary which made wide-ranging allegations that Russia organized a state-run doping program which supplied their athletes with performance-enhancing drugs.[11] In November 2015, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) published a report and the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) suspended Russia indefinitely from world track and field events.[12]

In May 2016, The New York Times published allegations by the former director of Russia's anti-doping laboratory, Dr. Grigory Rodchenkov, that a conspiracy of corrupt anti-doping officials, Federal Security Service (FSB) intelligence agents, and compliant Russian athletes used banned substances to gain an unfair advantage during the Games. Rodchenkov stated that the FSB tampered with over 100 urine samples as part of a cover-up, and that a third of the Russian medals won at Sochi were the result of doping.[13][14][15] On 18 July 2016, an independent investigation commissioned by World Anti-Doping Agency concluded that it was shown "beyond a reasonable doubt" that the RUSADA, the Ministry of Sport, the Federal Security Service (FSB) and the Centre of Sports Preparation of the National Teams of Russia had "operated for the protection of doped Russian athletes" within a "state-directed failsafe system" using "the disappearing positive [test] methodology." According to the McLaren Report, the Disappearing Positive Methodology operated from "at least late 2011 to August 2015." It was used on 643 positive samples, a number that the authors consider "only a minimum" due to limited access to Russian records. [16]

In December 2016, The New York Times reported that senior Russian officials carried out one of the biggest conspiracies in sports history — a far-reaching doping operation that implicated scores of Russian athletes. It was confirmed that a lab director tampered with urine samples at the Olympics and provided cocktails of performance-enhancing drugs, corrupting some of the world’s most prestigious competitions. Members of the FSB broke into sample bottles holding urine. In addition, a deputy sports minister (who is also in charge of the 2018 FIFA World Cup) Vitaly Mutko for years ordered cover-ups of top athletes’ use of banned substances. Anna Antseliovich, the acting director general of Russia’s national antidoping agency (RUSADA) characterized Russia's cheating program as an "institutional conspiracy.”[17] RUSADA later said that her words were "taken out of context" and "distorted".[18] Russia continued to deny any involvement of the state with Putin blaming the US in late November 2017.[19]

On 9 December 2016, Canadian lawyer Richard McLaren published the second part of his independent report. The investigation found that from 2011 to 2015, more than 1,000 Russian competitors in various sports (including summer, winter, and Paralympic sports) benefited from the cover-up.[20][14][15] Following the release of the McLaren report, the International Olympic Committee announced the initiation of an investigation of 28 Russian athletes at the Sochi Olympic Games. La Gazzetta dello Sport reported the names of 17 athletes, of whom 15 are among the 28 under investigation.[21] As of late November 2017, 11 Russian athletes had been stripped of their 2014 medals and 25 had been disqualified for competition in 2018.[22] The number of athletes under investigation rose to 36 in December.[23]

On 5 December 2017, the IOC announced that Russian Olympic Committee had been suspended with immediate effect from the 2018 Winter Olympics.[24] Athletes who had no previous drug violations and a consistent history of drug testing were to be allowed to compete under the Olympic Flag as an "Olympic Athlete from Russia" (OAR).[24][25] Under the terms of the decree, Russian government officials were barred from the Games, and neither the country's flag nor anthem would be present.[25] IOC President Thomas Bach said that "after following due process [the IOC] has issued proportional sanctions for this systematic manipulation while protecting the clean athletes."[26]

Russian team qualificationsEdit

Prior to the IOC ban, Russian athletes had competed in international events for Olympic qualification.

BiathlonEdit

Based on their Nations Cup rankings in the 2016–17 Biathlon World Cup, Russia has qualified 6 men and 5 women.[27]

Figure skatingEdit

  • Men's singles – 2 quotas
  • Ladies singles – 3 quotas
  • Pairs skating – 3 quotas
  • Ice dance – 2 quotas

CurlingEdit

Women'sEdit

Russia has qualified their women's team (five athletes), by finishing in the top seven teams in Olympic Qualification points.[28]

Key
Teams to Playoffs
Teams to Tiebreaker
Country
Skip W L PF PA Ends
won
Ends
lost
Blank
ends
Stolen
ends
Shot %
  Canada Rachel Homan 0 0
  China Wang Bingyu 0 0
  Denmark Madeleine Dupont 0 0
  Great Britain Eve Muirhead 0 0
  Japan Satsuki Fujisawa 0 0
  Olympic Athlete from Russia 0 0
  South Korea Kim Eun-jung 0 0
  Sweden Anna Hasselborg 0 0
  Switzerland Silvana Tirinzoni 0 0
  United States Nina Roth 0 0


Mixed doublesEdit

Russia has qualified a mixed doubles team by earning enough points in the last two World Mixed Doubles Curling Championships.[29]


Country
Athletes W L PF PA Ends
won
Ends
lost
Blank
ends
Stolen
ends
Shot %
  Canada
  China
  Finland
  Norway
  Olympic Athlete from Russia
  South Korea
  Switzerland
  United States

Ice hockeyEdit

Men's tournamentEdit

Russia men's national ice hockey team qualified by finishing 2nd in the 2015 IIHF World Ranking.[30]

Team roster
  • Men's team event – 1 team of 25 players
Preliminary round
Pos Team Pld W OTW OTL L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Olympic Athlete from Russia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Quarterfinals
2   United States 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Possible Quarterfinals
3   Slovakia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Qualification playoffs
4   Slovenia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 14 February 2018. Source: IIHF
14 February 2018 v
21:10
Slovakia   v   Olympic Athlete from Russia Gangneung Hockey Centre, Pyeongchang

16 February 2018 v
16:40
Olympic Athlete from Russia   v   Slovenia Gangneung Hockey Centre, Pyeongchang

17 February 2018 v
21:10
Olympic Athlete from Russia   v   United States Gangneung Hockey Centre, Pyeongchang

Women's tournamentEdit

Russia women's national ice hockey team qualified by finishing 4th in the 2016 IIHF World Ranking.[30]

Team roster
  • Women's team event – 1 team of 23 players
Preliminary round
Pos Team Pld W OTW OTL L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   United States 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Semifinals
2   Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3   Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Quarterfinals
4   Olympic Athlete from Russia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 11 February 2018. Source: IIHF
11 February 2018 v
21:10
Canada   v   Olympic Athlete from Russia Kwandong Hockey Centre, Gangneung

13 February 2018 v
21:10
United States   v   Olympic Athlete from Russia Kwandong Hockey Centre, Gangneung

15 February 2018 v
16:40
Olympic Athlete from Russia   v   Finland Kwandong Hockey Centre, Gangneung

Short track speed skatingEdit

According to the ISU Special Olympic Qualification Rankings, Russia has qualified a full squad of 5 men and 5 women each.[31]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IOC suspends Russian NOC and creates a path for clean individual athletes to compete in Pyeongchang 2018 under the Olympic Flag" (Press release). International Olympic Committee. 5 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  2. ^ "IOC to decide Dec. 5 if Russia goes to 2018 Winter Olympics". ABC News. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  3. ^ "Russian Olympic chief says Russia will appeal IOC ban - R-Sport". Reuters. 
  4. ^ "Putin says US pressured IOC to ban Russia from Winter Games". Yahoo Sports. Agence France-Presse. 19 October 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  5. ^ Ruiz, Rebecca C.; Panja, Tariq (5 December 2017). "Russia Banned From Winter Olympics by I.O.C". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  6. ^ "Кадыров: ни один чеченский спортсмен не будет выступать под нейтральным флагом". Championat.com (in Russian). Retrieved 6 December 2017. 
  7. ^ "Владимир Путин: "Никакой блокады Олимпиады не будет". ОЛИМПИАДА - Пхенчхан-2018. СПОРТ-ЭКСПРЕСС" (in Russian). Sport-express.ru. Retrieved 6 December 2017. 
  8. ^ "Путин: Россия не будет объявлять "никакой блокады" Олимпиады - BBC Русская служба" (in Russian). BBC. Retrieved 6 December 2017. 
  9. ^ "Жириновский предложил отказаться от участия в Олимпиаде-2018" (in Russian). Interfax.ru. Retrieved 6 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Vladimir Putin won't tell Russian athletes to boycott Winter Olympics". CNN. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017. 
  11. ^ Olterman, Philip (3 December 2014). "Russia accused of athletics doping cover-up on German TV". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  12. ^ "Independent Commission Report #1". World Anti-Doping Agency. 
  13. ^
  14. ^ a b Ruiz, Rebecca R. (9 December 2016). "Russia's Doping Program Laid Bare by Extensive Evidence in Report". The New York Times. 
  15. ^ a b Ostlere, Lawrence (9 December 2016). "McLaren report: more than 1,000 Russian athletes involved in doping conspiracy". The Guardian. 
  16. ^ Ruiz, Rebecca (18 July 2016). "Russia May Face Olympics Ban as Doping Scheme Is Confirmed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  17. ^ Ruiz, Rebecca R. (27 December 2016). "Russians No Longer Dispute Olympic Doping Operation". The New York Times. 
  18. ^ "Russia's anti-doping body says did not admit to sports dope conspiracy". Reuters. 28 December 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "Putin Calls Olympics Punishments a Sign of U.S. Election Meddling". NBC News. Reuters. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  20. ^ "MCLAREN INDEPENDENT INVESTIGATION REPORT - PART II". World Anti-Doping Agency. 9 December 2016. 
  21. ^
  22. ^ "List of Russia Olympic medals stripped; new Sochi medal standings". NBC Sports. 27 November 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  23. ^ "IOC bans three more Russian athletes for life over doping". Reuters. 1 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  24. ^ a b "IOC suspends Russian NOC and creates a path for clean individual athletes to compete in PyeongChang 2018 under the Olympic Flag" (Press release). International Olympic Committee. 5 December 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017. 
  25. ^ a b "Russia Banned from Winter Olympics by I.O.C". The New York Times. 5 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  26. ^ "IOC Bars Russian Athletes and Officials From Winter Olympic Games". The Moscow Times. 5 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
  27. ^
  28. ^ "Pyeongchang 2018 Winter Olympics". World Curling Federation. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  29. ^ "Olympic mixed doubles places now known for PyeongChang 2018". www.worldcurling.org/. World Curling Federation (WCF). 29 April 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  30. ^ a b "2018 Winter Olympics". IIHF. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  31. ^ "Communication No. 2132: XXIII Olympic Winter Games 2018 PyeongChang Qualified quota places Short Track Speed Skating". International Skating Union. 23 November 2017. 

External linksEdit