|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Igbo, Yoruba, Esan.|
The Olukwumi occupy eight communities west of the Niger river, and are together known today as the Odiani Clan in Aniomaland. Ukwu Nzu (Eko Efun) town is the historical headquarters of the Olukwumi people and is traditionally headed by the Obi of Ukwu Nzu, Agbogidi. The present Obi is H.R.M. Obi Ogoh 1. Olukwumi villages select leaders through the Okpala Obi system, which is the Okpala (gerontocracy) of the Igbo. The Anioma people are the Igbo subgroup from Aniocha (Enuani and Olukwumi), Ndokwa (Ukwuani), Ika, and Oshimili areas of Delta State.
The Olukwumi are native to an area just west of the Niger River's right bank. The area is rich in Chalk and Kaolin deposits which is known as "Nzu" in Igbo language and "Efun" in Yoruba, which has been traditionally mined and used by the people of the area for various cultural purposes.
The word Olukumi is said by some to mean "My confidant" or "My friend" in Yoruba.
Due to the subsequent blend and proximity of their settlements with Enuani speakers,[when?] they today speak both the Olukwumi and Enuani dialect dialects of Igbo language. Prayers and recitals in their native dialect are also being encouraged, while making conscious efforts to speak the language to their children and in their communities as a whole. Of the towns in the Odiani clan, only Ugbodu and Ukwu-Nzu are bilingual; the rest are solely Enuani-speaking.
According to a report in the Sunday Tribune of October 24, 2010, they have also started to organize recitation and oratory quizzes and competitions in Olukwumi to preserve the dialect. Linguists are also documenting the language. For 40 years, Chief G B Nkemnacho, a lawyer of Olukwumi origin has documented his people's history as told by its elders as life experiences and oral tradition.
Olukumi towns and communitiesEdit
|1||Ukwu Nzu||Igboland and Owo||Ukwu Nzu is the Head of the Odiani clan who founded Olukwumi Town.|
|2||Ugbodu||Igboland, Akure, and Owo (Ogho)||Traditional centre of Olukwumi people.|
|3||Ubulubu||People from Ugbodu and Ukwu nzu||A relatively late Olukwumi town said to have been founded in 1800 by some Ugbodu people later joined by others from Ukwu nzu.|
|5||Ugboba (Ugbo Oba)|
|7||Ogbe Onei (Obomkpa)|
|9||Onichaku (Ubulu Uku)|
|10||Ogbekenu villages of Onicha-Ugbo|
Notable Olukwumi PeopleEdit
- Augustine Senan Ogunyeremuba Okwu (2010). Igbo Culture and the Christian Missions, 1857-1957: Conversion in Theory and Practice. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 13. ISBN 9780761848844.