Olukumi people

The Olukwumi people are a subgroup of the Anioma people of the Aniocha North area of the Delta State, Nigeria.

Migration pattern of the Olukumi.jpg
Migration pattern of the Olukwumi
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Igbo, Olukumi.
Related ethnic groups
Igbo, Yoruba, Esan.

The Olukwumi occupy eight communities west of the Niger river, and are together known today as the Odiani Clan in Aniomaland. Ukwu Nzu (Eko Efun) town is the historical headquarters of the Olukwumi people and is traditionally headed by the Obi of Ukwu Nzu, Agbogidi. The present Obi is H.R.M. Obi Ogoh 1. Olukwumi villages select leaders through the Okpala Obi system, which is the Okpala (gerontocracy) of the Igbo. The Anioma people are the Igbo subgroup from Aniocha (Enuani and Olukwumi), Ndokwa (Ukwuani), Ika, and Oshimili areas of Delta State.


The Olukwumi are native to an area just west of the Niger River's right bank. The area is rich in Chalk and Kaolin deposits which is known as "Nzu" in Igbo language and "Efun" in Yoruba, which has been traditionally mined and used by the people of the area for various cultural purposes.


Road signage showing some Olukumi villages, Aniocha North, Delta State

The word Olukumi is said by some to mean "My confidant" or "My friend" in Yoruba.


According to Olukwumi oral tradition, Olukwumi are is a blend of aboriginal Igbos and migrants from the Owo, Akure or the Akoko, depending on the Olukwumi town in question.

Due to the subsequent blend and proximity of their settlements with Enuani speakers,[citation needed][when?] they today speak both the Olukwumi and Enuani dialect dialects of Igbo language. Prayers and recitals in their native dialect are also being encouraged, while making conscious efforts to speak the language to their children and in their communities as a whole.[citation needed] Of the towns in the Odiani clan, only Ugbodu and Ukwu-Nzu are bilingual;[citation needed] the rest are solely Enuani-speaking.[citation needed]

According to a report in the Sunday Tribune of October 24, 2010, they have also started to organize recitation and oratory quizzes and competitions in Olukwumi to preserve the dialect.[citation needed] Linguists are also documenting the language. For 40 years, Chief G B Nkemnacho, a lawyer of Olukwumi origin has documented his people's history as told by its elders as life experiences and oral tradition.[1]

Olukumi towns and communitiesEdit

s/n Town Origins Comment(s)
1 Ukwu Nzu Igboland and Owo Ukwu Nzu is the Head of the Odiani clan who founded Olukwumi Town.
2 Ugbodu Igboland, Akure, and Owo (Ogho) Traditional centre of Olukwumi people.
3 Ubulubu People from Ugbodu and Ukwu nzu A relatively late Olukwumi town said to have been founded in 1800 by some Ugbodu people later joined by others from Ukwu nzu.
4 Idumu Ogo
5 Ugboba (Ugbo Oba)
6 Ogodor
7 Ogbe Onei (Obomkpa)
8 Anioma

Non-Olukumi villagesEdit

s/n Town Origins Comment(s)
9 Onichaku (Ubulu Uku)
10 Ogbekenu villages of Onicha-Ugbo


Notable Olukwumi PeopleEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Augustine Senan Ogunyeremuba Okwu (2010). Igbo Culture and the Christian Missions, 1857-1957: Conversion in Theory and Practice. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 13. ISBN 9780761848844.

External linksEdit