Ulukwumi language

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Ulukwumi, also known as Olùkùmi, is a Yoruboid language spoken by the Olukumi people of Aniocha North LGA, Delta State, Nigeria.[3]

Ulukwumi
Olùkùmi
Native toNigeria
RegionAniocha North LGA, Delta State
Native speakers
(10,000 cited 1992)[1]
Niger–Congo
Language codes
ISO 639-3ulb
Glottologuluk1257[2]

Olùkùmi means 'my friend' in the Owé dialect of Yoruba and Igala. Olùkùmi speakers are surrounded by Igbo people. Dialects are Ugbodu and Ukwunzu, with Ukwunzu being more heavily influenced by Igbo than Ugbodu is.[4]

VocabularyEdit

Below are some Olùkùmi words compared with the other Yoruboid languages Yorùbá (standard dialect), Òwé (a Yoruba dialect spoken in Kabba district of Kabba-Bunu LGA, Kogi State), and Igala, as given by Arokoyo (2012):[4]

Gloss Olùkùmi Yorùbá Òwé Igala
hand ọwọ́ ọwọ́ ọwọ́ ọwọ́
yam usu isu usu/isu uchu
body ara ara ọra ọla
child ọma ọmọ ọmọ ọma
friend oluku ọ̀rẹ́ olúku ónùkú
woman obìnrin obìnrin obùnrin ọ́bùlẹ
father ba bàbá baba àtá
person ẹnẹ ẹni ọni ọ́nẹ̀
fire una iná uná úná
word ọ̀fọ̀ ọ̀rọ̀ ọ̀rọ̀ ọ̀là
heart ẹdọ ọkàn ẹ̀kẹ̀dọ̀ ẹdọ
pot usa ìsà usà ùchà
cow ẹla malu ẹlá ẹla
old person arigbo arúgbo arígbó ògìjo
rat eku eku eku íkélékwu
carry gbe gbé gbe
eat zẹ jẹ jẹ jẹ
colanut obì obì obì obì
water omi omi omi omi
urine ìtọ́ ìtọ́ ìtọ́ ìtọ́
cotton owu owu owu owu
stone òkúta òkúta òkúta òkúta

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ulukwumi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ulukwumi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Oluwadoro, Jacob and Abdur-Rafiu Abiola. 2016. Olukumi: A dialect of Yoruba in diaspora. Papers in English linguistics 17. 310-335.
  4. ^ a b Arokoyo, Bolanle Elizabeth. 2012. A Comparative Phonology of the Olùkùmi, Igala, Owe and Yoruba Languages. Paper presented for the International Congress "Towards Proto-Niger-Congo: Comparison and Reconstruction", Paris, 18-21 September, 2012. 10pp.
  • Eleshin, Alimot Folake. 2012. A comparative study of the morphosyntax of Olukumi and Standard Yorùbá: a minimalist approach. MA thesis, University of Ilorin.
  • Okolo-Obi, Bosco. 2014. Aspects of Olukumi Phonology. MA thesis, Nsukka: University of Nigeria; 117pp.
  • Obisesan, H. 2012. Lexical Comparison Of Olukumi, Owo Dialect And Standard Yoruba. Seminar paper presented to the Department of Linguistics and Nigerian Languages, University of Ilorin, Ilorin.