Oleksandr (Alex) Danyliuk (Ukrainian: Олександр Олександрович Данилюк born 22 July 1975, Grigoriopol, Moldavian SSR) is a Ukrainian politician. He was Ukraine's finance minister in the government of Volodymyr Groysman (2016–2018). He was dismissed on 7 June 2018 after a conflict with Groysman. He was Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine from late May until 30 September 2019 when President Volodymyr Zelensky accepted his resignation. And was briefly head of the National Cybersecurity Coordination Center from 19 June 2019.
|Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council|
28 May 2019 – 30 September 2019
|Preceded by||Oleksandr Turchynov|
|Succeeded by||Oleksiy Danilov|
|Minister of Finance|
14 April 2016 – 7 June 2018
|Prime Minister||Volodymyr Groysman|
|Preceded by||Natalie Jaresko|
|Succeeded by||Oksana Markarova|
|Born||22 July 1975|
Grigoriopol, Moldavian SSR, Soviet Union
|Alma mater||Kyiv Polytechnic Institute|
Indiana University, Bloomington
Early life and educationEdit
Oleksandr Danyliuk was born in a family of scientists. His father, Oleksandr Danyliuk, is a member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, while the mother, Lyudmila Danyliuk, taught cybernetics at the Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute. Soon after his birth, the family moved back to Kyiv.
Oleksandr Danyliuk graduated from the National Technical University of Ukraine with a degree in electric engineering in 1998. He also studied at the Kyiv Institute of Investment Management (1995) and obtained MBA from the Indiana University Kelley School of Business in 2001.
Work in the Private SectorEdit
Oleksandr Danyliuk worked in the private sector as a consultant and investment manager in a number of companies, including TEKT, Alfa Capital and Western NIS Enterprise Fund (WNISEF) in Ukraine.
Later Mr. Danyliuk worked at McKinsey & Company London and Moscow offices for three years. His project portfolio included reform of the UK tax system as well as strategy development and operations optimization in energy and telecom projects.
Between 2006 and 2010, Mr. Danyliuk chaired the Rurik Investment fund that operated in London and Luxembourg.
Oleksandr Danyliuk first joined public service in 2005 as economic advisor to the Ukrainian Prime Minister Yuriy Yekhanurov. In his team Danyliuk worked on energy reform and carried out privatization of state-owned enterprises, including Kryvorizhstal, Ukraine’s largest integrated steel company, which became part of the global steel producer Mittal Steel Company N.V.
Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych appointed Danylyuk his adviser (out of state). In 2010–2015, Danyliuk chaired the Economic Reforms Coordination Center – an apolitical think tank under the aegis of the Presidential Administration of Ukraine. McKinsey & Company drafted the initial strategy of the Center. He won the competition for the position. The Economic Reforms Coordination Center focused on drafting bills and introducing practices designed to improve investment climate in Ukraine, uphold the rule of law and intensify cooperation with the International Monetary Fund. Yanukovych largely ignored this Coordination Centre. Danylyuk was dismissed as advisor by acting President Oleksandr Turchynov on 24 February 2014.
Minister of FinanceEdit
In 2016, Oleksandr Danyliuk was appointed a Minister of Finance. He declared his key objectives at the position – better investment climate in Ukraine, transparent rules of doing business for Ukrainian entrepreneurs and foreign investors and public finance reform.
The government’s mid-term priority action plan for 2020 outlines key milestones that the Ministry of Finance has to achieve. Danyliuk’s team also designed the Public Finance Administration Strategy 2017–2021 which enables effective planning and better quality of public services with taxpayers’ money.
Ministry of Finance priorities under the leadership of Oleksandr Danyliuk:
- State Fiscal Service reform and its transformation from a punitive agency in a service-oriented agency
- Financial Investigation Service to replace tax police
- Customs reform
- Improving tax legislation
- Introduction of mid-term budget planning
- Implementation of the State Banks Development Strategy
- E-Data project development for public spending
- Audit reform
- Internal reform to drive reforms in other areas
Groysman had asked for Danylyuk's dismissal in response to Danylyuk's May 2018 letter to the ambassadors of the G-7 top industrial nations saying that Groysman was stalling vital reforms of the State Fiscal Service that are needed to combat corruption. Groysman said Danylyuk's actions may have hurt Ukraine's negotiations with the European Union about economic aid. Danylyuk stated that he had been asked to use government money to fund particular politicians favoured projects, effectively to back political corruption.
Oleksandr Danyliuk supports libertarian views. He was a personal friend of the Georgian reformer and libertarian Kakha Bendukidze. After the latter passed away, Danyliuk became one of the co-founders of Bendukidze Free Market Center.
Oleksandr Danyliuk is married and has two children. His wife, Olga Danyliuk, born in Lviv, studied at Central Saint Martins and got her PhD at the Royal School of Speech and Drama. She used to work as a theater designer in New York and Moscow and now works as a theater director in London.
Danylyuk speaks five languages: Ukrainian, Russian, English, Spanish and French.
Hobbies: hiking, mountain climbing, cycling and rowing.
- "Ex-deputy secretary of NSDC Danilov appointed its secretary – decree". Interfax-Ukraine. 3 October 2019.
- "Ukrainian lawmakers OK creating anti-corruption court". Business Insider. 7 June 2018.
- Charlton, Angela; Vlasov, Dmytro (30 September 2019). "Ukraine's leader: We can't be ordered to investigate Biden". news.yahoo.com. Associated Press.
- "Oleksandr Danyliuk appointed Secretary of National Security and Defense Council". Ukrinform. 28 May 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
- (in Russian)/(website has automatic Google Translate option) Short bio, LIGA
- Garton Ash, Timothy (12 April 2016). "Who is Oleksandr Danylyuk and what will he do as Ukraine finance minister?". Kyiv Post.
- "Ukraine's parliament sacks finance minister". UNIAN. 7 June 2018.
- "Ukraine finance minister claims he was told to back corruption or quit". The Times (South Africa). 7 June 2018.
- "Week's balance: Anti-corruption court for IMF, finance minister sacked, and new energy regulator's stance on "Rotterdam +" formula". UNIAN. 9 June 2018.
- Williams, Matthias (8 June 2018). "Ukraine's sacked finance minister says no will in cabinet for gas price hike". Reuters. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
| Minister of Finance
| Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council