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Oldham (UK Parliament constituency)

Oldham was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Oldham, England. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act of 1832 and was abolished for the 1950 general election when it was split into the Oldham East and Oldham West constituencies.

Oldham
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321950
Number of members two
Replaced by Oldham East and Oldham West
Created from Lancashire

The Oldham constituency was perhaps most notable for being where Winston Churchill began his political career. Although taking two attempts to succeed, in the 1900 general election Churchill was elected as the member of Parliament for Oldham. He held the constituency for the Conservative Party until he defected from them in defence of free trade in 1904. He then represented the Liberal Party as MP for the seat until the 1906 general election.

Contents

BoundariesEdit

Though centred on Oldham (the town), the constituency covered a much broader territory; Shaw and Crompton, Royton, Chadderton and Lees all formed part of this district, though these were each granted individual urban district status at a local government level in 1894.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election 1st Member [1] 1st Party 2nd Member [1] 2nd Party
1832 John Fielden Liberal William Cobbett Liberal
1835 by-election John Frederick Lees Conservative
1837 William Augustus Johnson Liberal
1847 William Johnson Fox Liberal John Duncuft Conservative
1852 John Morgan Cobbetta Liberal
1852 by-election William Johnson Fox Liberal
1857 James Platt Liberal
1857 by-election William Johnson Fox Liberal
1862 by-election J. T. Hibbert Liberal
1865 John Platt Liberal
1872 by-election John Morgan Cobbett a Conservative
1874 Frederick Spinks Conservative
1877 by-election J. T. Hibbert Liberal
1880 Hon. Edward Stanley Liberal
1885 James Mackenzie Maclean Conservative
1886 Elliott Lees Conservative
1892 Joshua Milne Cheetham Liberal J. T. Hibbert Liberal
1895 Robert Ascroft Conservative James Francis Oswald Conservative
1899 by-election Rt Hon. Alfred Emmott Liberal Walter Runciman Liberal
1900 Winston Churchill b Conservative
1904 Liberal
1906 John Albert Bright Liberal
1910 (Jan) Sir Andrew William Barton Liberal
1911 by-election Edmund Bartley-Denniss c Conservative
1918 Coalition Conservative Coalition Liberal
1922 Sir Edward Grigg National Liberal William John Tout Labour
1923 Liberal
1924 Duff Cooper Conservative
1925 by-election William Wiggins Liberal
1929 Rev. Gordon Lang Labour James Wilson Labour
1931 Anthony Crossley Conservative Hamilton Kerr Conservative
1935 John Dodd National Liberal
1945 Frank Fairhurst Labour Leslie Hale Labour
1950 Multi member constituency abolished - see Oldham East and Oldham West

Notes:-

  • a J M Cobbett's political affiliations are complicated.[2] He had stood unsuccessfully on an all-Radical 'plague on both your houses' slate with John Fielden in 1847. He was elected in 1852 as the Radical half of an explicit Radical-Tory alliance.[3] At the 1857 election he was opposed by two Liberals and denied that he had sold out to Palmerston, asserting that the Liberal Chief Whip had no confidence in him.[4] In 1865 he stood unsuccessfully in conjunction with a Conservative,[5] opposed by two Liberals. Nonetheless, from 1852 to 1865 outside Oldham he was generally taken to be a Liberal. From 1872 to his death in 1877 he sat as a Conservative (but one calling for annual Parliaments and manhood suffrage)[6]
  • b Churchill changed his party allegiance in April 1904.
  • c Denniss changed his surname to Bartley-Denniss, when he was knighted in 1922.

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General Election 1880: Oldham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal  YJ. T. Hibbert 10,630 27.5
Liberal  YEdward Stanley 10,409 27.0
Conservative Frederick Spinks 8,982 23.3
Conservative Smith Taylor-Whitehead[8] 8,593 22.3
Majority 1,427 3.7 N/A
Turnout 19,307 (est) 91.6 (est)
Registered electors 21,084
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1885: Oldham[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal  YJ. T. Hibbert 12,259 25.7 −1.8
Conservative  YJames Mackenzie Maclean 11,992 25.2 +1.9
Liberal Edward Stanley 11,847 24.9 −2.1
Conservative Smith Taylor-Whitehead[8] 11,491 24.9 +1.9
Turnout 24,016 93.8 +2.2 (est)
Registered electors 25,600
Majority 768 1.5 −2.2
Liberal hold Swing −1.9
Majority 145 0.3 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.0
 
Elliot Lees
General Election 1886: Oldham[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative  YJames Mackenzie Maclean 11,606 25.8 +0.6
Conservative  YElliot Lees 11,484 25.6 +1.4
Liberal J. T. Hibbert 10,921 24.3 −1.4
Liberal Joshua Cheetham 10,891 24.3 −0.6
Majority 563 1.3 +1.0
Turnout 22,608 88.3 −5.5
Registered electors 25,600
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +1.4

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General Election 1892: Oldham[11][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal  YJoshua Cheetham 12,619 25.6 +1.3
Liberal  YJ. T. Hibbert 12,541 25.4 +1.1
Conservative Elliot Lees 12,205 24.7 −0.8
Conservative James Mackenzie Maclean 11,952 24.2 −1.6
Majority 336 0.6 N/A
Turnout 24,857 (est) 89.0 +0.7
Registered electors 27,929
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.4
 
Robert Ascroft
 
James Oswald
General Election 1895: Oldham[11][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative  YRobert Ascroft 13,085 26.2 +1.4
Conservative  YJames Oswald 12,465 25.0 +0.8
Liberal Adam Lee 12,249 24.6 −1.0
Liberal J. T. Hibbert 12,092 24.2 −1.2
Majority 216 0.4 N/A
Turnout 25,185 (est) 87.5 −1.5
Registered electors 28,783
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +1.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +1.0

Ashcroft's death and Oswald's resignation caused a by-election.

 
Walter Runciman
 
James Mawdsley
Oldham by-election, 1899
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal  YAlfred Emmott 12,976 26.7 +2.1
Liberal  YWalter Runciman 12,770 26.2 +2.0
Conservative Winston Churchill 11,477 23.6 −2.6
Conservative James Mawdsley 11,449 23.5 −1.5
Majority 1,293 2.6 N/A
Turnout 24,546 (est) 86.2 −1.3
Registered electors 28,476
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.4
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.8

Elections in the 1900sEdit

 
Alfred Emmott
General Election 1900: Oldham[12][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal  YAlfred Emmott 12,947 25.3 +0.7
Conservative  YWinston Churchill 12,931 25.3 −0.9
Liberal Walter Runciman 12,709 24.9 +0.7
Conservative Charles Crisp 12,522 24.5 −0.5
Turnout 87.9 +0.4
Registered electors 29,253
Majority 425 0.8 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +0.6
Majority 222 0.4 +0.0
Conservative hold Swing −0.8
General Election 1906: Oldham[12][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal  YAlfred Emmott 17,397 30.3 +5.0
Liberal  YJohn Bright 16,672 29.0 +4.1
Conservative Charles Crisp 11,989 20.9 −3.6
Conservative E. L. Hartley 11,391 19.8 −5.5
Turnout 89.3 +1.4
Registered electors 32,387
Majority 4,683 8.1 +7.3
Liberal hold Swing +4.3
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General Election January 1910: Oldham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal  YAlfred Emmott 19,252 30.0 −0.3
Liberal  YWilliam Barton 18,840 29.4 +0.4
Conservative Joseph Hilton 13,462 21.0 +0.1
Conservative Sidney Stott 12,577 19.6 −0.2
Majority 5,378 8.4 +0.3
Turnout 91.8 +2.5
Registered electors 35,315
Liberal hold Swing −0.2
Liberal hold Swing +0.2
General Election December 1910: Oldham[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal  YAlfred Emmott 17,108 28.1 −1.9
Liberal  YWilliam Barton 16,941 27.9 −1.5
Conservative Arthur Edward Wrigley 13,440 22.1 +1.1
Conservative Edmund Bartley-Denniss 13,281 21.9 +2.3
Majority 3,501 5.8 −2.6
Turnout 86.8 −5.0
Registered electors 35,315
Liberal hold Swing −1.5
Liberal hold Swing −1.3
 
Bartley-Denniss
Oldham by-election, 1911[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative  YEdmund Bartley-Denniss 12,255 40.4 −3.6
Liberal Arthur Stanley 10,623 35.0 −21.0
Labour William C. Robinson 7,448 24.6 N/A
Majority 1,632 5.4 N/A
Turnout 30,326 85.1 −1.7
Registered electors 35,626
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.7

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

 
William Barton
General Election 1918: Oldham[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist  YEdmund Bartley-Denniss 26,568 34.3 +12.4
C Liberal  YWilliam Barton 26,254 34.0 +6.1
Labour William C. Robinson 15,178 19.6 N/A
Liberal Walter Rea 9,323 12.1 −16.0
Turnout 54.2 −32.6
Registered electors 71,378
Majority 11,390 14.7 N/A
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +14.2
Majority 11,076 14.4 +8.6
Liberal hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

 
Edward Grigg
General Election 1922: Oldham[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal  YEdward Grigg 24,762 28.0 N/A
Labour  YWilliam Tout 24,434 27.7 +8.1
Unionist Samuel Smethurst 23,200 26.2 −8.1
Liberal William Tudor Davies 9,812 11.1 −22.9
Liberal Mary Emmott 6,186 7.0 −5.1
Turnout 62.6 +8.4
National Liberal gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Majority 1,562 1.8 N/A
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +8.1
Majority 1,234 1.5 N/A
General Election 1923: Oldham (2 seats) [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour  YWilliam Tout 20,939 23.4 -4.3
Liberal  YEdward Grigg 20,681 23.2 -4.8
Liberal William Wiggins 17,990 20.1 +9.0
Unionist W.E. Freeman 15,819 17.7 n/a
Unionist Samuel Smethurst 13,894 15.6 -10.6
Majority 2,949 3.3
Majority 4,862 5.5
Turnout 76.3 -2.5
Labour hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1924: Oldham[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist  YDuff Cooper 37,419 31.2
Liberal  YEdward Grigg 36,761 30.7
Labour William Tout 23,623 19.7
Labour James Wilson 22,081 18.4
Majority 11.0
Turnout 119,884
Liberal hold Swing
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
Oldham by-election, 1925[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal  YWilliam Wiggins 26,325 54.8
Labour William Tout 21,702 45.2
Majority 4,623 9.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1929: Oldham[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour  YGordon Lang 34,223 26.2 +6.5
Labour  YJames Wilson 32,727 25.0 +6.6
Unionist Duff Cooper 29,424 22.5 -8.7
Liberal John Dodd 20,810 15.9 -14.8
Liberal George James Jenkins 13,528 10.4 n/a
Majority 3,303 2.5 13.5
Turnout 81.2
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General Election 1931: Oldham[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative  YAnthony Crossley 50,693
Conservative  YHamilton Kerr 50,395
Labour Gordon Lang 28,629
Labour James Wilson 26,631
Majority
Turnout
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Oldham[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative  YHamilton Kerr 36,738
Liberal National  YJohn Dodd 34,755
Labour Gordon Lang 34,316
Labour Matthew Burrow Farr 29,647
Liberal William Gretton Ward 8,534
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Liberal National gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1945: Oldham[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour  YFrank Fairhurst 31,704 23.9
Labour  Y Leslie Hale 31,327 23.6
Conservative Hamilton Kerr 26,911 20.3
Liberal National John Dodd 24,199 18.2
Liberal James Taylor Middleton 10,365 7.8
Liberal Thomas Donald Farrell Powell 8,264 6.2
Majority 4,416 5.4
Turnout 74.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O"
  2. ^ "Death of Mr J M Cobbett MP for Oldham". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 15 February 1877. 
  3. ^ "The Elections". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 10 July 1852. 
  4. ^ "The General Election". Morning Post. 30 March 1857. 
  5. ^ "Oldham Election". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 24 June 1865. 
  6. ^ "Death of Mr Cobbett MP". Pall Mall Gazette. 14 February 1877. 
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  8. ^ a b "The Conservative Candidates for Oldham". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 22 November 1882. p. 8. Retrieved 6 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  9. ^ a b Liberal Year Book (1889), p.217
  10. ^ a b c d e f Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  11. ^ a b The Liberal Yearbook (1917), p.316
  12. ^ a b c d P. F. Clarke, Lancashire and the New Liberalism, pp. 435–436
  13. ^ Manchester Guardian, 14 November 1911, p.9
  14. ^ a b The Liberal Year Book (1923), p.261
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  16. ^ a b c d The Constitutional Year Book (1938), p.220
  17. ^ F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949 p211
  18. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  19. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  20. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1945. Politics Resources. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 

SourcesEdit

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F. W. S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832–1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945–1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)