Oldham (UK Parliament constituency)
Oldham was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Oldham, England. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act of 1832 and was abolished for the 1950 general election when it was split into the Oldham East and Oldham West constituencies.
|Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||two|
|Replaced by||Oldham East and Oldham West|
The Oldham constituency was perhaps most notable for being where Winston Churchill began his political career. Although taking two attempts to succeed, in the 1900 general election Churchill was elected as the member of Parliament for Oldham. He held the constituency for the Conservative Party until he defected from them in defence of free trade in 1904. He then represented the Liberal Party as MP for the seat until the 1906 general election.
Though centred on Oldham (the town), the constituency covered a much broader territory; Shaw and Crompton, Royton, Chadderton and Lees all formed part of this district, though these were each granted individual urban district status at a local government level in 1894.
Members of ParliamentEdit
- a J M Cobbett's political affiliations are complicated. He had stood unsuccessfully on an all-Radical 'plague on both your houses' slate with John Fielden in 1847. He was elected in 1852 as the Radical half of an explicit Radical-Tory alliance. At the 1857 election he was opposed by two Liberals and denied that he had sold out to Palmerston, asserting that the Liberal Chief Whip had no confidence in him. In 1865 he stood unsuccessfully in conjunction with a Conservative, opposed by two Liberals. Nonetheless, from 1852 to 1865 outside Oldham he was generally taken to be a Liberal. From 1872 to his death in 1877 he sat as a Conservative (but one calling for annual Parliaments and manhood suffrage)
- b Churchill changed his party allegiance in April 1904.
- c Denniss changed his surname to Bartley-Denniss, when he was knighted in 1922.
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal||J. T. Hibbert||10,630||27.5|
|Turnout||19,307 (est)||91.6 (est)|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal||J. T. Hibbert||12,259||25.7||−1.8|
|Conservative||James Mackenzie Maclean||11,992||25.2||+1.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.0|
|Conservative||James Mackenzie Maclean||11,606||25.8||+0.6|
|Liberal||J. T. Hibbert||10,921||24.3||−1.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+1.4|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal||J. T. Hibbert||12,541||25.4||+1.1|
|Conservative||James Mackenzie Maclean||11,952||24.2||−1.6|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.1|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.4|
|Liberal||J. T. Hibbert||12,092||24.2||−1.2|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+1.2|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+1.0|
Ashcroft's death and Oswald's resignation caused a by-election.
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.8|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+0.6|
|Conservative||E. L. Hartley||11,391||19.8||−5.5|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.9|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Conservative||Arthur Edward Wrigley||13,440||22.1||+1.1|
|Labour||William C. Robinson||7,448||24.6||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+8.7|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Liberal: W. H. Sumnervell
- Unionist: John Radcliffe Platt, Edmund Bartley-Denniss
- Labour: William C. Robinson
|Labour||William C. Robinson||15,178||19.6||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+14.2|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|National Liberal||Edward Grigg||24,762||28.0||N/A|
|Liberal||William Tudor Davies||9,812||11.1||−22.9|
|National Liberal gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+8.1|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing|
|Liberal||George James Jenkins||13,528||10.4||n/a|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Liberal National||John Dodd||34,755|
|Labour||Matthew Burrow Farr||29,647|
|Liberal||William Gretton Ward||8,534|
|Liberal National gain from Conservative||Swing|
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: Hamilton Kerr
- Liberal National: John Dodd
- Labour: Leslie Hale, D A Mainds
- Liberal: James Taylor Middleton
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Liberal National||John Dodd||24,199||18.2|
|Liberal||James Taylor Middleton||10,365||7.8|
|Liberal||Thomas Donald Farrell Powell||8,264||6.2|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Labour gain from Liberal National||Swing|
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O"
- "Death of Mr J M Cobbett MP for Oldham". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 15 February 1877.
- "The Elections". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 10 July 1852.
- "The General Election". Morning Post. 30 March 1857.
- "Oldham Election". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 24 June 1865.
- "Death of Mr Cobbett MP". Pall Mall Gazette. 14 February 1877.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The Conservative Candidates for Oldham". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 22 November 1882. p. 8. Retrieved 6 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- Liberal Year Book (1889), p.217
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Liberal Yearbook (1917), p.316
- P. F. Clarke, Lancashire and the New Liberalism, pp. 435–436
- Manchester Guardian, 14 November 1911, p.9
- The Liberal Year Book (1923), p.261
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- The Constitutional Year Book (1938), p.220
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949 p211
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- The Liberal Magazine, 1939
- "Politics Resources". Election 1945. Politics Resources. Retrieved 6 January 2011.
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F. W. S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1977)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832–1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945–1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)