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Oldest hominids

  (Redirected from Oldest apes)

This article lists the oldest known individual Hominidae, separated by species. Humans are the longest-lived hominid species, with Jeanne Calment being the longest-lived hominid ever, at 122 years.

Contents

ChimpanzeesEdit

  Deceased   Living
^ denotes age at death, or, if living, age as of 3 February 2019

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age [†] Place of death or residence
1 Little Mama[1][2] F c. 1937-1942 14 November 2017 c. 76 to 82 years United States, Lion Country Safari
2? Gregoire M c. 1942 17 December 2008 c. 66 years Republic of the Congo, Tchimpounga Sanctuary
3? Auntie Rose[3] F ? ? c. 63 years ? (oldest wild chimpanzee)[4]
4? Garbo/Grandma[5] F 10 December 1953 c. 15 November 2015 61 years, c. 340 days United States, Chimp Haven
5? Fifi [6][7] F c. May 1947 19 July 2007 c. 60 years, 2 months Australia, Taronga Zoo
6? Coco[8] F c. 1952 2012 c. 60 years United States, Oregon Zoo
7? Blossom[9] F 1950s 11 November 2017 "in her 60s" United Kingdom, Scotland, Blair Drummond Safari Park
8? Gamma[10] F 1932 19 February 1992 59.4 years United States, Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center
9? Sarah Anne[11] F c. August 1959 Living c. 59 years, 6 months United States, Chimp Haven
10? Mama[12][13] F 1957 5 April 2016 59 years Netherlands, Royal Burgers Zoo

Golden and Glitter (born 1998, wild living at Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania) are the oldest known chimpanzee twins, at 20 years (as of 2018).[14]

GorillasEdit

  Deceased   Living
^ denotes age at death, or, if living, age as of March 27, 2018

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age [†] Place of death or residence
1 Fatou[15] F 1957 (est.) Living c. 61–62 Germany, Berlin Zoo
1 Trudy[15] F 1957 (est.) Living c. 61–62 United States, Little Rock Zoo
3 Helen[16] F 1958 Living 60–61 United States, Louisville Zoo
4 Colo F 22 December 1956 17 January 2017 60 years, 26 days United States, Columbus Zoo
5 Goma [17] F 23 September 1959 7 June 2018[18] 58 years Switzerland, Basel Zoo
6 Old Bob[19] M 8th September 1961 Living 57 years United Kingdom, Margate
7 Nico M 1962 January 2018 56 years United Kingdom, Longleat Safari Park
8 Jenny F c. 1953 4 September 2008 55 years United States, Dallas Zoo
8 Fritz[20] M 1963 Living 55 years Germany, Nuremberg Zoo
10 Massa M 1930 30 December 1984 54 years United States, Philadelphia Zoo

Colo was the first ever gorilla born in captivity and the oldest known gorilla at the time of her death.

HumansEdit

  Deceased   Living
^ denotes age at death, or, if living, age as of 3 February 2019

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age [†] Place of death or residence
1 Jeanne Calment[21] F 21 February 1875 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days France
2 Sarah Knauss[22] F 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 119 years, 97 days United States
3 Lucy Hannah[23] F 16 July 1875 21 March 1993 117 years, 248 days United States
4 Nabi Tajima[24] F 4 August 1900 21 April 2018 118 years, 183 days Japan
5 Marie-Louise Meilleur[25] F 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 117 years, 230 days Canada
6 Violet Brown[24] F 10 March 1900 15 September 2017 117 years, 189 days Jamaica
7 Emma Morano[24] F 29 November 1899 15 April 2017 117 years, 137 days Italy
8 Misao Okawa[24] F 5 March 1898 1 April 2015 117 years, 27 days Japan
9 María Capovilla[26] F 14 September 1889 27 August 2006 116 years, 347 days Ecuador
10 Susannah Mushatt Jones[24] F 6 July 1899 12 May 2016 116 years, 311 days United States

OrangutansEdit

  Deceased   Living
^ denotes age at death, or, if living, age as of January, 2017

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age [†] Place of death or residence
1 Puan[27] F 1956 17 June 2018 62 years Australia, Perth Zoo
1 Gypsy[28][29] F 1955 September 2017 62 years Japan, Tama Zoological Park
3 Guas[30] M c. 1919 1977 58 years United States, Philadelphia Zoo
4 Nonja F 1952 29 December 2007 55 years United States, Zoo Miami
5 Maggie[31][32] F 1961 May 2016 54 years United States, Brookfield Zoo

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ CNN, By Kim Segal. "Meet one of the oldest chimpanzees in captivity - CNN.com". CNN.
  2. ^ "Oldest Living Chimpanzee & A Special GiraffeCelebrate Birthdays this Valentine's Day - Lion Country Safari". www.lioncountrysafari.com.
  3. ^ "Menopause sets humans apart from chimps".
  4. ^ "How long do chimpanzees live? «". www.chimpsanctuarynw.org.
  5. ^ Welborn, Vickie. "Chimp Haven's oldest chimpanzee dies at age 61".
  6. ^ "Zoo mourns death of beloved chimpanzee - National - brisbanetimes.com.au". www.brisbanetimes.com.au.
  7. ^ Staff, From Times; Reports, Wire (21 July 2007). "Chimpanzee matriarch dies in Sydney zoo" – via LA Times.
  8. ^ "Zoo mourns loss of oldest resident, Coco the chimpanzee".
  9. ^ https://www.blairdrummond.com/news/blossom-chimpanzee
  10. ^ http://allmanlab.caltech.edu/PDFs/HakeemSandovalJonesAllman1996.pdf, p. 90
  11. ^ Welborn, Vickie. "One of Chimp Haven's first two chimps has died".
  12. ^ https://www.burgerszoo.com/nieuws/2016/04/famous-chimpanzee-passes-away-at-very-old-age/
  13. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/dying-chimpanzee-mama-royal-burgers-zoo-holland-netherlands-jan-van-hooff-a8007271.html
  14. ^ http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/news/2018/11/jane-goodalls-pioneering-chimp-research-recognized-with-gwr-titles-547376
  15. ^ a b "Berlinerin Fatou ist nun ältester Gorilla der Welt". www.rbb-online.de.
  16. ^ https://louisvillezoo.org/gorilla-forest/meet-the-gorillas/
  17. ^ http://www.zoobasel.ch/en/aktuell/detail.php?NEWSID=791
  18. ^ https://www.bzbasel.ch/basel/basel-stadt/der-zolli-trauert-um-goma-basels-beruehmteste-gorilladame-ist-gestorben-132663265
  19. ^ Welsh-Huggins, Rew; Press, Associated (23 December 2016). "Nation's oldest gorilla celebrates 60th birthday in Ohio zoo".
  20. ^ https://www.gorillas-in-zoos.de/auflistung-aller-gorillas-in-deutschland/
  21. ^ The Guinness Book of Records, 1999 edition, p. 102, ISBN 0-85112-070-9
  22. ^ "World's oldest person misses millennium". BBC. 31 December 1997. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  23. ^ Maier, Heiner (2010). Supercentenarians. Springer. p. 249. ISBN 3-642-11519-5.
  24. ^ a b c d e "Validated Living Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group.
  25. ^ "Marie-Louise Meilleur, 117; Listed as Oldest Person in World". Los Angeles Times. 18 April 1998. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  26. ^ "World's oldest woman dies at 116". BBC. 28 August 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  27. ^ "World's oldest Sumatran orangutan, Puan, dies in Australia at the age of 62".
  28. ^ https://english.kyodonews.net/news/2017/09/42e2b4a605b0-worlds-oldest-bornean-orangutan-dies-at-62-in-tokyo-zoo.html
  29. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-illinois-orangutan-idUSKCN0YC0SJ
  30. ^ https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/2nd-oldest-female-orangutan-dies_us_5741ede7e4b00e09e89f50f3
  31. ^ https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/2nd-oldest-female-orangutan-dies_us_5741ede7e4b00e09e89f50f3
  32. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-illinois-orangutan-idUSKCN0YC0SJ