Bloemkamp Abbey (Dutch: Abdij Bloemkamp, also Oldeklooster; Latin: Floridus campus) is a former Cistercian abbey in the Netherlands, located in Hartwerd in the municipality of Wûnseradiel to the north-east of Bolsward, in the province of Friesland.
The abbey was founded in approximately 1190-1192 by the brothers Tethard, Herdrad and Sybold, and settled from Klaarkamp Abbey, of the filiation of Clairvaux. It was dedicated by Balduin of Holland, bishop of Utrecht. Tethard was the first abbot and Herdrad the first prior. The second abbot was Wighard.
In the conflict between the Schieringer and the Vetkooper, the abbey took the side of the Schieringer. In 1347, under the bellicose twelfth abbot, Meikulpus, the monks of Bloemkamp unsuccessfully attacked Pingjum Abbey. Renicus Camga, who became abbot in 1377, was also warlike, and maintained hostilities with the monks of Ludingakerk Abbey, who supported the party of the Vetkooper. Battles with the monks of Ludingakerk in 1380 and 1420, as well as with the burghers of Bolsward, led to the decline of the abbey, made worse by the great flood of 1464, which caused serious damage to its estates.
Nevertheless, it recovered within a few years, and was able to build a library, an infirmary and summer quarters for the monks, and its reputation and status were later restored to the extent that in 1499 Abbot Petrus Poppingawier was appointed a member of the High Council of Frisia.
In 1572 the abbey was laid waste by Protestants but continued as a community until 1579. In this year the abbot was imprisoned and Protestantism introduced throughout Frisia. The state confiscated the abbey's goods, and the estates were later sold off.
In 1345 Count William IV of Holland was buried in the abbey church.
Site and buildingsEdit
There are no visible remains of the abbey buildings, but the place name Oldeclooster is still in use.
Notes and referencesEdit
- The name Oldeklooster ("old monastery") was sometimes used in the local context in order to distinguish it from the nearby nunnery founded c 1240 at Sneek (Scharnegoutum), which was known as the Nijeklooster ("new monastery").
- Jacobus Kok, Dan Fokke (1790). "Byvoegzels op het Vaderlandsch woordenboek, Volume 12". Google Books (in Dutch). Johannes Allart. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- German article on the wars Archived July 23, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- http://www.henkvanheerde.nl/vollenhove/Personen/Schenck/georgeschenck.htm Webpage on George Schenck
- Certosa di Firenze: Bloemkamp
- Frieschdagblad, 18 July 2008: exhibition on Bloemkamp Abbey at the Titus Brandsma Museum (in Dutch)
- George Schenck (in Dutch)
- Chronique ofte Historische geschiedenisse van Vrieslandt - contemporary engraving of the siege of the Oldeklooster, 1515 (in Dutch)
- Byvoegzels op het Vaderlandsch woordenboek, Volume 12 (1790)
- Bouwstra, H., 2008: Bloemkamp: geschiedenis van het Cisterciënzer klooster Bloemkamp, 1191-1580