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The Old White Horse Cellar also known as Hatchetts White Horse Cellar at No. 155 Piccadilly, was one of the best known coaching inns in England during the 18th and 19th centuries.[1] The first mention of the White Horse Cellar is in 1720.[2] It was originally located on the corner of Arlington Street, where the Ritz Hotel is now located.[3] The first landlord, a man named Williams, named it in honor of the newly established House of Hanover, whose heraldic emblem featured a white horse. The White Horse rose to prominence under Abraham Hatchett[4] who later moved it to the opposite side of the road on the corner of Albemarle Street,[3] where it was known as "Hatchett’s Hotel and White Horse Cellar".[4] The precise date of the move is not known, but was precipitated by the construction of the Bath Hotel,[5] which was located on the corner of Piccadilly and Arlington as early as 1798.[6] It was torn down in 1884 to make room for the Albemarle.[3]

Old White Horse Cellar
Hatchetts - the White Horse Cellar, Piccadilly by James Pollard.jpg
The White Horse Cellar, Piccadilly by James Pollard
General information
Address155 Piccadilly
Town or cityLondon
CountryEngland
Coordinates51°30′26″N 0°08′30″W / 51.50722°N 0.14167°W / 51.50722; -0.14167
Construction started1720
Demolished1884

In its heyday, the White Horse Cellar was the starting terminus for all western-bound mail coaches from London.[7] Mail bound for Bath and Bristol left the White Horse each night.[8] It had a "travellers' room", a sort of waiting room for travellers to rest and wait for another coach. The room had a fireplace, partitioned sleeping cubbyholes, a clock, a mirror and a waiter who would serve food from the kitchen.[3] But the real draw was the cellar, where people gathered to gossip, discuss the news and share a drink.[4]

Hatchett apparently moved out before the building was demolished, as in 1848 "Hatchett's Hotel and New White Horse Cellar" was operating at 67 & 68 Piccadilly.[9] Mention was made by Edward Mogg in 1838 that both the Old White Horse Cellar and the New White Horse Cellar remained standing nearly opposite each other on Piccadilly.[10] In the 1920s Hatchett published a history of the establishment, Old coaching days and the White Horse Cellar Piccadilly established A D 1720.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Binney, Marcus (1999). The Ritz Hotel (First published in the United Kingdom in 1999. ed.). London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-51279-1.
  2. ^ Wheatley, Henry Benjamin (2011). Round About Piccadilly and Pall Mall Or, a Ramble from the Haymarket to Hyde Park. London: Cambridge Univ Pr. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-108-03650-4.
  3. ^ a b c d Harper, Charles G. (1906). The Old Inns of Old England, Volume I (of 2) A Picturesque Account of the Ancient and Storied Hostelries of Our Own Country. London: Chapman & Hall Limited. pp. 253–254. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Harper, Charles G. (1922). The Brighton Road: The Classic Highway to the South (3 ed.). London: C. Tinling & Co., Ltd. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  5. ^ Wagner, Leopold (1858). More London Inns and Taverns. Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, England: Northumberland Press Limited. p. 110. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Lost". The Times. London, England. 19 December 1789. p. 1. Retrieved 26 June 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  
  7. ^ "Hatchett's Hotel and Coffee House, Piccadilly, London". Look and Learn. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  8. ^ Harris, Stanley (1882). Old Coaching Days. R. Bentley. pp. 23–23.
  9. ^ "Inns, Taverns & Beer Houses in London in the 1848 London Post Office Directory". Pubs History. Pubs History. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  10. ^ Mogg, Edward (1838). Mogg's New Picture of London; or, Stranger's Guide to the British Metropolis, etc. London: Edward Mogg. p. 81.
  11. ^ "Old coaching days and the White Horse Cellar, Piccadilly, established A.D. 1720".