Oldřich Kulhánek (26 February 1940 – 28 January 2013) was a Czech painter, graphic designer, illustrator, stage designer and pedagogue. Kulhánek created the design for the current Czech banknotes and postage stamps.
(Portrait by Jindrich Nosek)
|Died||28 January 2013 (aged 72)|
Prague, Czech Republic
|Alma mater||Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design in Prague|
|Occupation||Painter, graphic designer, illustrator, stage designer and pedagogue|
|Organization||Association of Czech Graphic Artists Hollar|
|Known for||Designing the current Czech banknotes and postage stamps|
Life and careerEdit
Kulhánek was born in Prague. Beginning in 1958, he studied at the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design in Prague, in the atelier of Karel Svolinský. He graduated in 1964, with the cycles of illustrations to the poetry of Vladimír Holan (Sen, (in English: Dream)) and Christian Morgenstern (The Gallows Songs).
In 1971 he was arrested by the StB (the Czechoslovak Secret Police) and imprisoned for "defamation of the allied socialist states". In a graphic cycle created from 1968 to 1971, he included "a distorted portrait of Joseph Stalin, perforated five-pointed red stars or joyful faces of socialist workers turned into a hideous grin". The graphics were identified as "ideologically dangerous" and condemned to destruction. Kulhánek spent a month in prison and was interrogated regularly for next two years. He was prohibited from publishing.
In the 1980s, he created lithographs inspired by the development of the human body. Following the Velvet Revolution, he visited the United States and attended the Lithographic Workshop in Los Angeles. He also often travelled to Belgium, to study the works of old masters.
He was a member of the Association of Czech Graphic Artists Hollar. His works are in the collections of notable European and US art galleries, such as The Library of Congress (Washington, USA), Centre Georges Pompidou (Paris, France), Albertina (Vienna, Austria), Kupferstichkabinett (Dresden, Germany), Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, USA), Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam, Netherlands), Folkwang Museum (Essen, Germany), and the Musée d'Art et d'Histoire (Geneva, Switzerland).
- Volynsky, Masha (28 January 2013). "Oldřich Kulhánek dead at 72 (News 28-01-2013)". Czech Radio. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "Zemřel grafik a malíř Oldřich Kulhánek, autor českých bankovek". Lidové noviny (in Czech). lidovky.cz. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "Zemřel grafik Oldřich Kulhánek, autor českých bankovek" (in Czech). novinky.cz. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "Zemřel grafik Oldřich Kulhánek, autor českých bankovek" (in Czech). Czech Television. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013. ("...které zahrnovaly například deformovaný Stalinův portrét, perforované pěticípé hvězdy či budovatelsky radostné obličeje změněné v ohavný škleb.")
- "Zemřel grafik Oldřich Kulhánek, autor českých bankovek". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). iDNES. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
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